Joe Gosnell, a renowned treaty negotiator, politician and leader of the Nisga’a Nation, has died at the age of 84.
The Nisga’a Lisims government said Tuesday that Mr. Gosnell died in his home in New Aiyansh after a long battle with cancer.
Mr. Gosnell was a hereditary Nisga’a chieftain of the Eagle Clan and was president of the nation when it finalized a landmark treaty in 2000 that gave the First Nation control over its land including forestry and fishing rights. It was the first modern-day treaty signed in B.C. since the 1800s.
Nisga’a Nation President Eva Clayton said Mr. Gosnell’s wisdom, dignity and determination helped lead the First Nation into self-government over its territory northeast of Prince Rupert.
“Today, we have lost a giant,” Ms. Clayton said in a statement. “His legacy will help shape the project of reconciliation for generations to come.”
Mr. Gosnell was admitted to both the Order of Canada and the Order of B.C., and held an honorary doctorate of laws from Royal Roads University in Victoria.
He leaves his wife of 64 years, Audrey, their seven children and numerous grandchildren and great-grandchildren.
Mr. Gosnell grew up in the Nass River Valley in B.C.‘s northwest. He worked as a commercial fisherman, carpenter and traditional carver before he was elected as a band councillor and chief of the Gitlaxt’aamiks Band, one of the Nisga’a village governments.
Mr. Gosnell was appointed chancellor of the University of Northern B.C. last year and served until his death.
University interim president Geoffrey Payne said Mr. Gosnell’s dedication to education was evident during his time as chancellor.
“The world has lost a tremendous leader, a man who repeatedly demonstrated a love for his community, his people, education and a commitment to enhancing the lives of others,” Dr. Payne said in a statement.
Ms. Clayton said Mr. Gosnell’s work to negotiate the Nisga’a Treaty produced a “beacon of hope” for people around the world.
“His focus was always on what the Nisga’a, British Columbians and Canadians can achieve together,” she said.
When a bill to accept the treaty was introduced in the legislature in December, 1998, Mr. Gosnell told the house the agreement proved to the world that reasonable people can sit down and settle historical wrongs.
“It’s a triumph because under the treaty, we will no longer be wards of the state, no longer beggars in our own land. It’s a triumph because under the treaty, we will collectively own approximately 2,000 square kilometres of land, far exceeding the postage-stamp reserve set aside for us by colonial governments.”
He said the treaty proved that negotiations – not lawsuits, blockades or violence – are the most effective and honourable way to resolve Aboriginal issues.
“It’s a triumph, I believe, that signals the end of the Indian Act, the end of more than a century of humiliation, degradation and despair for the Nisga’a Nation.”
Premier John Horgan said in a tweet that everyone can learn from Mr. Gosnell’s legacy of working to make life better for people and that he’ll be missed.
“He was instrumental in helping the Nisga’a chart a new path of self-governance through BC’s first modern treaty.”
The nation said funeral arrangements will be announced by the family.