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As many as 100 locations across the country may be ready to sell cannabis on Wednesday when recreational pot is legalized across the country, but most Canadians’ first purchase of legal pot will likely be at the click of a button.
Provincial and territorial governments and private retailers say they believe they’re ready for the surge of online shoppers, but it is unclear how high pot demand will actually be.
The Alberta Liquor and Gaming Commission has been testing their online cannabis sales portal developed with OnX Enterprise Solutions to iron out any issues before it goes live and is “feeling good to go,” spokeswoman Heather Holmen said.
“Like anything, we can’t offer any guarantees,” she said. “We may find that there’s a major onslaught of inquiries and it could have effects on consumers’ ability to get into the online store.”
The first purchases of pot when online portals open at 12:01 local time on Oct. 17 will make Canada one of the few countries in the world to legalize and regulate recreational cannabis, and marks a historical shift in the country’s drug policy.
The cannabis market in Canada, including medical, illegal and legal recreational products is expected to generate up to $7.17-billion in total sales in 2019, according to a recent Deloitte report. Of that amount, legal sales are expected to contribute more than half, up to $4.34-billion, in the first year, Deloitte added.
Under Canada’s framework for medical marijuana, the only legal way to purchase the drug is online directly from licensed producers for home delivery and e-commerce is likely to play a major role for recreational cannabis as well.
The final number of pot outlets that will be ready for Oct. 17 remains hazy, but an estimated 35 per cent of the country’s population is expected to have access to a cannabis outlet within 10 kilometres or less of their home during the fourth quarter of 2018, a recent Statistics Canada study showed. That compares with 90 per cent of Canadians being within 10 kilometres of a liquor store currently, Statscan said.
To estimate demand, PEI Cannabis referenced and integrated data including the federal census, provincial population reports and consultancy group surveys, said Samantha Hughes, a spokeswoman for the province’s department of finance.
“PEI Cannabis anticipates that its retail stores and its online store... will be very busy on opening day, October 17 and the weeks following that date,” Ms. Hughes said.
Data from Canada’s existing medical marijuana system as well as information from the United States – where states such as Colorado have already legalized cannabis for recreational use – can be useful as a guide, said Mark Barbour, a spokesman for NB Liquor.
The latest data from Statistics Canada showed that licensed cannabis producers made 135,062 shipments to medical users in June.
“At the end of the day, we really don’t know,” Mr. Barbour said. “It’s a new industry here in Canada ... We are prepared for every scenario.”
E-commerce software provider Shopify Inc., which Ontario and B.C. along with some private retailers have selected to power their cannabis websites, isn’t worried about the volume of hits and purchases on Wednesday.
In addition to a tremendous amount of testing, the Ottawa-based company’s e-commerce offering handled large volumes for Kylie Cosmetics and the namesake reality star’s popular Lip Kit launches, said Shopify’s vice-president and general manager Loren Padelford.
“I don’t expect cannabis launch day to be any larger,” he said.
Demand issues aside, there are increasing concerns about adequate supply. Aphria’s chief executive Vic Neufeld said last week to expect “sold out signs” as supply chain issues abound. Think-tank C.D. Howe also warned in a report last week that current supplies of cannabis in the fourth quarter would only meet between 30 and 60 per cent of total demand.
Whether a legal recreational portal will entice existing cannabis users to switch from their black market source remains to be seen, said Brad Poulos, an instructor at Ryerson University’s Ted Rogers School of Management. Illicit brick-and-mortar dispensaries will come under pressure to close, but those without a storefront less so, he added.
The neighbourhood dealer may also deliver within hours, rather than the days needed for a package to arrive in the mail, he added.
“They don’t need any website ... There’s just too many compelling arguments for the current illicit market.”