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Cannabis leaves on black

Cannabis laws and regulations

Updated

In a historic vote on June 19, the Senate passed the Cannabis Act, which ended a century-old prohibition of the drug.

The Trudeau government, which set Oct. 17 as the implementation date, still needs to release regulations for the cannabis trade, and says that once legalization happens it will explore ways to clear the criminal records of those currently convicted of simple possession.

But in the end, it is the provinces and territories who will each set their own paths for who can grow cannabis at home, how much people can legally purchase and where it will be sold.

The federal government has said its goal is to remove a profitable product from the hands of organized crime, educate children and youth on the dangers of the drug and give adults a safer supply.

Getting the legislation through the House of Commons and the Senate took more than a year, but federal, provincial and municipal governments will now be judged on their ability to offer a smooth transition from the black to the legal market.

Questions about cannabis? Ask them here

Cannabis safety

In 2016-2017, The Globe conducted an investigation into the use of illegal pesticides by government-licensed growers, and a lack of federal regulations to ensure product safety.

    Cannabis at work

    Clarity on how legal cannabis will affect the workplace is unlikely to come soon from Ottawa, which may not have federal rules for workplace drug testing in place when legalization takes effect.