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NEW YORK, NY - MARCH 21: Executives at AT&T attend a news conference where it was announced that AT&T Inc. will be buying its wireless rival T-Mobile USA from Deutsche Telekom AG for $39 billion in cash and stock on March 21, 2011 in New York City.

Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Prospects for the $39-billion sale of Deutsche Telekom's T-Mobile USA unit to AT&T darkened after the U.S. telecoms giant said it would take a $4-billion charge in case of failure and the pair gave up on one avenue of regulatory approval.

The companies have not given up hope of sealing the deal but analysts said it now looks less likely than ever.

"Both companies are continuing to pursue the sale of T-Mobile USA to AT&T," the companies said in a statement released on the U.S. Thanksgiving holiday.

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They dropped an application for approval from the U.S. Federal Communications Commission to focus their efforts on obtaining anti-trust clearance from the U.S. Department of Justice – which is also opposing the deal – without which FCC approval would be meaningless.

Today's decision follows a blow earlier this week when the FCC said it would try to send the deal to an administrative law judge for review.

Acquiring T-Mobile would have vaulted number two ranked AT&T into the leading position in the U.S. wireless market. The current industry leader is Verizon Wireless, a venture of Verizon Communications Inc. and Vodafone Group PLC.

Sprint Nextel Corp, the number three U.S. carrier, and a regional competitor, C Spire, have also filed a lawsuit to stop AT&T's purchase of number four player T-Mobile.

The deal, which would cut the number of national U.S. mobile carriers to three, had seemed an answer to Deutsche Telekom's long quest to deal with its sub-scale U.S. business but faces tough opposition because of fears about job cuts in an environment of rising unemployment and economic hardship.

AT&T's agreement to pay T-Mobile a fee of $3-billion plus wireless airwaves valued at $1-billion should the deal not go through, was seen at the time as an expression of confidence that it would.

"We see it as a positive that AT&T is now providing for the break-up fee as it de-risks the scenario that Deutsche Telekom walks away from the situation completely empty-handed," said RBS analyst Lawrence Sugarman.

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Deutsche Telekom shares rose 1 per cent to 8.83 euros, broadly in line with European equities as a whole.

The DOJ, which opposes the deal on anti-trust grounds, took the case to court in August. A trial is due to begin on Feb. 13.

Espirito Santo analysts said AT&T's decision to take the $4-billion charge this quarter showed the company's own assessment of the chances of the deal had fallen, causing its auditors to force the company to take the charge.

"It tells us something about timing too – suggesting that AT&T may decide to walk away at the first opportunity (March 20 2012) rather than waiting for the ultimate Sept. 20 2012 deadline," they wrote in a note to clients.

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