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In this Sept. 28, 2017, file photo, Marijuana plants are displayed at the Green Goat Family Farms stand at 'The State of Cannabis', a California industry group meeting in Long Beach, Calif. There will be no legal pot party in Los Angeles on Jan. 1.Damian Dovarganes/The Globe and Mail

Investors are falling over themselves to get into the first pure-play marijuana ETF to list in the U.S., sending its assets up more than 13-fold in five trading days.

Inflows into the ETFMG Alternative Harvest ETF swelled from $5.7-million (U.S.) on Dec. 26, its first trading day, to $77.4-million by Tuesday. That was one day after pot was fully legalized in California, creating the biggest cannabis market for recreational use and giving pot stocks another shot in the arm.

"There was obviously a lot of pent-up demand," Sam Masucci, chief executive officer of Summit, New Jersey-based ETF Managers Group LLC, which runs the exchange traded fund, said by phone on Wednesday. "People want to play the theme and the theme is simple: the growing acceptance of marijuana."

Gone viral

The surge in assets outpaced that into Canada's Horizons Medical Marijuana Life Sciences ETF, which billed itself as the world's first pot ETF when it launched in April. Its assets grew from $10.2-million (Canadian) to $88.1-million in its first five trading days. Horizons' ETF had a market value of $643-million on Wednesday compared with $83-million for ETFMG's.

Masucci said he's surprised at the U.S. ETF's "viral take-up." On Tuesday, 4.9 million shares traded hands in a fund that had just 1.4 million shares outstanding.

Alternative Harvest has gained 29 per cent since it pivoted to marijuana amid a broad rally in pot stocks. It previously invested in Latin American real estate, a theme that "wasn't resonating with the investing public," Masucci said.

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission allows ETFs to change their benchmark after a 60-day notification period, a strategy that's cheaper and faster than launching a new ETF and allows existing investors to stick around if they like the new approach.

"We had a very high number of existing shareholder phone calls and emails to us that they were very excited about the change, so I'm going to assume that most are still involved," Masucci said.

The ETF's holdings are 47 per cent Canadian stocks and 31 per cent American, with the remainder from Europe and Japan. Its top five holdings are Cronos Group Inc., MedReleaf Corp., Aurora Cannabis Inc., Canopy Growth Corp. and CannTrust Holdings Inc.

Although recreational pot is legal in eight states plus Washington, D.C., it's illegal at the federal level. This creates a sort of legal limbo that has prevented many pot stocks from listing in the U.S. Canada meanwhile plans to legalize the drug nationally by July, hence Canada's dominance of the ETF.

U.S. stocks held by the fund include pharmaceutical companies like Insys Therapeutics Inc., which makes a synthetic version of THC for treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea. Masucci said none of the fund's holdings can be in violation of any federal, state or local laws.

California has now joined a list of other states and the District of Columbia, where so-called recreational marijuana is now permitted. With the start of 2018 comes the legalization of pot for those 21 and older.

The Associated Press

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