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financial planning

Financial adviser and client

Tammy Oribine was a financial planner for just a couple of months when she realized it was not the job for her. She did not like sales, did not feel confident enough about the products and hated the face-to-face contact that is a staple of the business.

"A lot of it has to do with personality -- I don't find I'm the most personable person, and I'm bad at small talk," Ms. Oribine, 29, said with a laugh.

But there were other reasons the job did not appeal. The salary was based in part on sales, and thus unstable. She was afraid clients would not trust her because she was young.

So she took her Certified Financial Planner designation and became an assistant to a top adviser in London, Ontario - a role that would not require her to sell anything.

Ms. Oribine's desire for a steady paycheck is a hallmark of Generation Y, the so-called "Millennial" generation born after 1980 and coveted by marketers and employers alike.

That is one of the issues that Canada's wealth management industry faces as it grapples with the challenge of attracting Gen Y's as both advisers and clients in an age when chronically poor returns have taken the shine off investing and financial services.

"The reality is our industry is going to struggle if we don't embrace this generation both from growing our client base and servicing our businesses with new advisers," said Mike Cunneen, senior vice-president at Freedom 55, a unit of Great-West Lifeco, Canada's second-largest life insurer.

Greg Pollock, president and chief executive of Advocis, the Financial Advisors Association of Canada, says the industry needs tech-savvy new blood to replace the baby-boomers - born mostly in the 1950's. Big banks, insurers and storefront wealth managers also need to attract the next generation of clients.

"The average age of an adviser in our industry is 58, so that's getting up there. It certainly creates some opportunities for younger people," said Mr. Pollock.

To keep more Gen Y newbies on track, Freedom 55 has put together a program that gives young advisers hands-on experience, mentoring and solid training to soften what is typically a very rocky first year or two in the business.

Some 60 per cent of new financial advisers don't make it through the first two years on the job, Mr. Pollock said, though the grim statistic is not exclusive to young advisers.

Freedom 55's Mr. Cunneen likes another number better: 43 per cent of clients pick their first adviser before the age of 35, suggesting younger advisers are best placed to serve younger clients, who speak their language culturally and technically.

That is exactly the strategy that is working for at least one Gen Y adviser who works in the same office as Ms. Oribine. Justine Zavitz started out as a financial adviser at her mother's insurance firm at 24, fresh out of school and with a deep understanding through her mother of the long hours and networking that is needed for success.

Six years later, she organizes wealth management seminars at local medical and dental schools, targeting future doctors before they have even thought of saving.

"I find they can relate a lot easier to me. There is that understanding that we're both just starting our careers, and we're going to work together for the next 50 years while we build up their assets together," Ms. Zavitz said.

"With the older clients, I use the same thing. I'm going to be around for a long time, so whether you retire tomorrow or 25 years from now, you know I'm going to be here and I'm going to be looking after your insurance."

But it was not always a smooth transition. Ms. Zavitz recalled many older clients who did not trust her age, and who would call her mother to double-check her advice. But her patience and good training - she has a bachelor of commerce as well as a designation as a certified financial planner - paid off when her mother would offer the same financial advice she had.

"And slowly but surely those clients are turning out to be my favourite people to deal with. It was a matter of learning to get that trust from them," she said.

But the biggest challenge may be in retaining financial advisers from the millennial generation.

In two separate studies by PwC on Canadian banking and millennials in the workforce, the consulting firm found big differences in the way Generation Y perceived the financial industry and in what they expected from employers.

"Gen Ys really do matter, but they have some quite different requirements of employers," said Karen Forward, director in PwC's Financial Services People and Change practice.

"As far as financial advisers, one of the challenges they have is because they also have a different work ethic than those people advising in the Gen X or Boomer generations."

This younger generation of worker excels at technology and brings energy to projects. But they've been coloured by their negative exposure to the financial crisis and value their personal life above their work life, Ms. Forward said.

Ms. Zavitz agreed, accepting the characteristics of her own generation even while she does not share them.

"I think that's just the way Gen Ys were brought up," she said. "They want regularity and a regular income stream and a pat on the back when they do things right, and that's maybe not what this industry holds for them."