The world's ultrahigh-net-worth individuals now face a bevy of headwinds including "succession and inheritance issues," higher taxes and a potential slowdown in the global economy, according to the latest edition of Knight Frank LLP's 2016 Wealth Report.
"One of the most interesting findings is that a significant proportion of respondents – leading wealth advisers and private bankers from around the world – expect their clients' wealth to increase at a slower rate over the next 10 years than the past decade," the report said. Indeed, almost 6,000 people fell out of the ultrahigh-net-worth bracket last year – a 3-per-cent slide from the year before, and the first annual drop in the world's population of rich people since the 2008 financial crisis, according to Knight Frank.
"The rate of global economic growth slowed in 2015, while growth in equity, commodity and other asset prices also decelerated," the report explained.
Trickier times already have arrived for some, the report suggests. In countries such as Greece, where financial burdens and political tensions have been especially prevalent in recent years, there's been an 18-per-cent drop in the amount of money invested inside the country's borders as billionaires scurried to shift money out of the country.
That's bucked a general trend that has seen the world's wealthy investing in foreign countries like never before – a move that has contributed to cross-border flows, but also appears to have made the rich more exposed to a potential slowdown in the global economy as well as cross-border crackdowns on wealth.
Two-thirds of respondents to Knight Frank's survey said they expect their clients' rate of wealth growth to slow over the next decade, while 84 per cent of respondents in Australasia reckoned an economic slowdown is on its way. That is perhaps unsurprising, the report noted, given that "much of the wealth creation in the region has been powered by China's economic growth, which is now slowing."
China's outward investment in other countries has jumped a massive 1,013 per cent over the past 10 years, according to Knight Frank analysis based on data from the International Monetary Fund. That, alongside the liberalization of some emerging markets has helped to propel the boom in cross-border investment by the world's wealthy.
"The impact of domestic economic growth and wealth creation, and in some cases more liberal credit controls, has seen rapid growth in outflows from markets such as Indonesia, Thailand and South Korea," the report said. "Economic instability in markets such as Italy and Greece has led to relatively strong outbound investment flows in a European context – with 106 per cent and 135 per cent growth respectively – over the past decade."
Knight Frank attributes much of the rise in cross-border investment to the increased popularity of buying properties in foreign countries.
Their data back up this claim, as they point out there has been a 49-per-cent increase in the number of survey respondents that said their clients' allocation to property had increased over the past 10 years. Only allocations to things such as stocks, bonds and housing that was not bought purely for investment purposes saw larger gains in popularity over the same time frame.