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Democratic U.S. presidential candidate and former Vice President Joe Biden thrusts his fist while answering questions from reporters during a campaign event in Wilmington, Delaware on June 30.

Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

Investors are increasingly preparing for market volatility ahead of the U.S. presidential election, with some shifting stock positions and selling the dollar, as Democratic contender Joe Biden maintains a lead against President Donald Trump in opinion polls.

Plenty can change in the four months before the Nov. 3 vote, and many investors remain focused on whether a resurgence of the coronavirus will damage a nascent U.S. economic rebound.

Some money managers, however, are already preparing for the possibility of a Biden victory by betting against the dollar and cutting their positions in U.S. stocks.

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“The President’s poll numbers have fallen off a cliff,” said Phil Orlando, chief equity market strategist at Federated Hermes. “The market is looking at this and saying, ‘If the election were held today Biden would win.’ ”

The latest Reuters/Ipsos poll showed Mr. Biden leading Mr. Trump by 8 percentage points among registered voters. Approval of Mr. Trump’s handling of the coronavirus pandemic has plummeted.

A Biden victory – as well as a possible Democratic sweep of the House and Senate – could threaten policies championed by Mr. Trump and generally favoured by Wall Street, including lower corporate tax rates and fewer regulations, analysts said.

Despite the sharp coronavirus-fuelled dip, the S&P 500 is up about 37 per cent since Mr. Trump took office. The index gained 85 per cent and 79 per cent during the first terms of presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton, respectively.

Under Mr. Biden, the corporate tax rate is likely to increase to 28 per cent, reversing half of the cut enacted by Mr. Trump and the Republican-led Congress in late 2017, according to Amundi Pioneer Asset Management.

That could reduce S&P 500 earnings by roughly $20 a share, driving investors out of U.S. stocks and hurting the dollar, said Paresh Upadhyaya, portfolio manager at the firm who is betting against the greenback.

Arthur Laffer Jr., portfolio manager at Laffer Tengler Investments, unwound his dollar position last week, believing a Biden victory could lead to slower growth and pressure on the U.S. currency. Mr. Laffer’s father has advised Mr. Trump on economic issues.

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Net bets against the U.S. currency in futures markets recently hit a two-year high.

Potential new regulation from a Democratic administration could be a headwind for energy and financial stocks, analysts at UBS Global Wealth Management said in a note to investors.

The BlackRock Investment Institute recently cut its ratings on U.S. equities to neutral on concerns of fading fiscal stimulus and election uncertainty.

“The two parties are as far apart on policy as they have ever been, making the result consequential for markets,” BlackRock’s analysts said in a note.

Mr. Orlando of Federated Hermes has raised his cash allocation as coronavirus cases have grown and Mr. Trump’s poll numbers sagged. He plans to reduce positions in dividend-paying stocks if Mr. Trump’s slide in the polls continues on concerns about increased taxes on dividends and capital gains.

Plenty of investors remain unconvinced that a Biden victory or Democratic sweep would bode ill for stocks, especially as the Federal Reserve is expected to backstop the U.S. economy if needed.

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“As long as [stimulus] stays constant ... you will continue to have some ballast in terms of asset prices,” said Sam Hendel, president at Levin Easterly Partners.

Some investors are also wary of putting too much faith in polls, after many failed to predict the United Kingdom’s decision to exit the European Union in 2016 and Mr. Trump’s election victory that year.

Traders in the options market are betting on a surge in volatility around the election. The S&P options market is implying an election-related move of about 5 to 5.5 per cent compared with an average absolute 1-day move of 2.92 per cent in the past three elections, according to Christopher Murphy, co-head of derivatives at Susquehanna Financial Group.

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