U.S. stock markets, after enjoying their best three-year run in more than two decades, may soon have to cede the top spot.
With the Fed preparing to raise interest rates for the first time in almost four years, capital is starting to fan out of rate-sensitive U.S. shares into other parts of the world where markets are cheaper and potentially more resilient.
The S&P 500′s near 10-per-cent drop so far this year has surpassed losses on most non-U.S. indexes and some reckon that recent investment outflows from the market, first in a month according to BofA, are only the beginning.
Goldman Sachs’s analysis of eight Federal Reserve hiking cycles since 1975 appears to support that view.
The bank found European stocks outperformed U.S. peers by four percentage points on average over six months following the first Fed rate increase.
It also observed a clear rotation into so-called value sectors such as banks and commodities, which are better represented in European and emerging-market equity benchmarks.
“What it means is get the heck out of the United States,” said Mike Kelly, head of global multiasset at PineBridge Investments. “It’s all about selling longer-duration assets, so we are underexposed to U.S. equities.”
Longer-duration stocks, in a nutshell, are those whose prices are driven by expectations of future earnings potential and therefore fare well when interest rates are low.
U.S. tech companies with their exorbitant valuations as measured by their price-earnings ratios (PE) are a prime example and they account for over a third of the S&P 500.
For years, those stocks were an investment magnet, benefiting from rock-bottom interest rates and recently the pandemic shift to working, shopping and dining from home.
Of the US$1-trillion that flowed into stocks last year, U.S.-dedicated funds took a third. They would also have received a lion’s share of the nearly US$500-billion absorbed by global mandate funds, according to Deutsche Bank.
Now, Mr. Kelly says, markets are at an inflection point, away from when “PE went higher and interest rates went lower.”
Given that five mega-cap firms accounted for a third of the S&P 500 performance last year, unloved U.S. sectors should also benefit from rotation.
Martin Schulz, senior portfolio manager at Federated Hermes, said he went overweight international developed markets already last fall, betting on a broad global economic recovery. “The cyclicality of the European markets, the Japanese markets … we think are going to be the big beneficiaries of this near-term globalized upturn.”
Almost US$6-billion fled U.S. equities in the week to Jan. 19, while Europe and emerging-market funds absorbed US$2.7-billion and US$5.2-billion respectively, according to BofA.
Morgan Stanley strategist Graham Secker also cited internal data showing US$5-billion outflows from U.S. exchange-traded equity funds (ETFs), while those focused on U.S. domestic equities shed US$8.5-billion. European stock ETFs gained US$3.6-billion.
“We are detecting it qualitatively from investors around the globe, to shift a bit of weight from the U.S. to elsewhere,” Mr. Secker said.
Monday’s rout rippled out globally, as European shares plunged 4 per cent for their worst day since mid-2020 and emerging equities shed 2 per cent. Yet they may be relatively better positioned to cope with tighter policy.
Europe trades at a 27-per-cent discount to Wall Street, compared to an average 15-per-cent discount before the previous three Fed cycles, Goldman Sachs estimates. And value shares overall are 50 per cent cheaper than growth peers, double the discount seen before past rate rises.
Europe is also delivering more positive economic data surprises and upward earnings revisions than the United States, Mr. Secker noted.
EMERGING MARKETS TOO
All markets will feel it when central banks slow the flow of cash, and depending on what the Fed does, the net supply of cash from the four big central banks may even shrink for the first time in years.
But this cycle differs in one respect from its last one; China, which hiked rates in 2018 alongside the United States, is now easing policy to support its economy.
Easier Chinese policy will benefit other emerging economies and export-focused Europe via trade and commodity prices and could spell a 10-per-cent upside for Asian shares in 2022, JPMorgan wrote.
Kevin Mahn, chief investment officer at Hennion & Walsh Asset Management in New Jersey, remains bullish on U.S. stocks but reckons other markets may soon start to shine as well.
“Perhaps they will start to experience some of the growth that we have seen in U.S. markets over the last three years,” he added.
Be smart with your money. Get the latest investing insights delivered right to your inbox three times a week, with the Globe Investor newsletter. Sign up today.