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Markets will wind down in coming days for the festive break. Then again, let’s not call it a day just yet.

Most central banks have wrapped up meetings for the year, but they also raised a fresh set of questions for investors to mull over. U.S. data, meanwhile, should shed light on how consumers are holding up, given soaring prices and the fast-spreading Omicron COVID variant.

Here’s your week ahead in markets:


Buses travel past the Bank of England building in London on Dec. 16.TOBY MELVILLE/Reuters

With December’s deluge of central bank meetings done and dusted, markets can cruise into year-end, right?

Not quite. The Bank of England, for one, has left investors confounded for the second time in six weeks, as a surprise rate hike again raised questions about its communication style.

The European Central Bank, in the spirit of Christmas perhaps, gave something to everyone - ending emergency stimulus next year cheers the hawks, opting for an open-ended existing asset purchase scheme makes the doves happy. Rising peripheral bond yields suggest some unease over easing support.

And by raising rate hike prospects, the Federal Reserve appears to have set the agenda for a tumultuous 2022 as central bankers chart their paths to the exit, albeit at dramatically different paces.


A customer shops in a Walmart store during Black Friday on Nov. 26 in Houston.Brandon Bell/Getty Images

‘Tis the season to be shopping, but just how cheerful are U.S. shoppers in the face of soaring prices and Omicron?

Clues should come from the December U.S. consumer confidence index on Wednesday and November new home sales, consumer spending and durable goods orders on Thursday.

U.S. consumer prices grew at their fastest pace in around four decades in November. Any signs that rising living costs and pandemic fatigue are weighing on spending - which accounts for over two thirds of U.S. economic activity - will not make for comfortable reading at the Fed.

After all, the central bank just doubled the pace at which it will cut bond purchases and signalled as many as three rate hikes for 2022.


Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson looks on as he welcomes Oman's Sultan Haitham bin Tariq for talks in 10 Downing Street in London on Dec. 16.FRANK AUGSTEIN/AFP/Getty Images

Two years after British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s party swept elections, his tenure in office is wobbly.

A revolt by 100 lawmakers, scandals, the loss of a parliamentary seat his party had dominated for 200 years, and a stuttering economy mean bookies are offering even money that he will be replaced in 2022. A majority of voters think he should resign, one poll found.

Already, Brexit had capped Britain’s post-pandemic rebound. Now an Omicron “tidal wave” (Johnson’s words) spells more trouble. Private sector growth plunged in December to a 10-month low, PMIs showed, yet 5%-plus inflation may force the Bank of England into several rate hikes next year.

On Dec. 22, final Q3 GDP readings may confirm Britain’s economy falling behind G7 peers. Unsurprisingly, British stocks 35% price discount versus global peers has not stopped investors from voting with their feet.


Chilean presidential candidate for the Partido Republicano party, Jose Antonio Kast, waves to supporters during his closing campaign rally at Araucanos Park, Santiago, on Dec. 16.MAURO PIMENTEL/AFP/Getty Images

Chileans head to the polls on Sunday, ending a year full of political risk in Latin America, a region already haunted by income inequalities, volatile leaders, disappointing growth and a disproportionately high COVID-19 toll.

Chile’s second round election pitches ultra-conservative Jose Antonio Kast against leftist former student leader Gabriel Boric in a knife-edge run-off. It’s the first presidential decider since the world’s top copper producer was rocked by protests two years ago.

The regional election cycle continues in 2022. Colombia is scheduled to hold congressional elections in March and a presidential ballot in May. Brazil’s general vote in October will dominate investors’ focus, given the country’s economic weight in the region. So far, former leftist leader Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has a comfortable lead in polls.


Workers wearing face masks assemble electronic parts at a factory in Huaibei in central China's Anhui Province, Monday, Nov. 29.The Associated Press

Investors are trying to work out just what China’s top leaders meant when they said recently that next year would be all about economic stability and prudent monetary policy.

The likes of JPMorgan peg growth estimates around 5%, close to what government advisers recommend. Possibly, policy will be tailored to fit the goal of “common prosperity” before the Communist Party’s 20th national Congress next year.

But bond markets are confused. The central bank has infused cash into banks while trying to rein in a strong yuan. Yet, expectations for a cut in its main money market operation rate this week came to nought.

Beijing’s goals of stability and deleveraging could mean banks’ lending benchmarks won’t change next week either.

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