The Canadian dollar weakened against its U.S. counterpart on Monday as investors worried about progress on trade talks between the United States and China and after the International Monetary Fund cut its world economic growth forecasts.
The IMF predicted the global economy would grow 3.5 per cent in 2019 and 3.6 per cent in 2020, due to weakness in Europe and some emerging markets, and it said failure to resolve trade tensions could further destabilize a slowing global economy.
The United States and China have made little progress in trade talks on the potential sticking point of China’s alleged intellectual property theft, according to Bloomberg.
Hopes that the world’s two largest economies are moving closer to a trade deal have helped boost stocks since the start of the year.
“Today was the first time we have seen a headline in 2019 that maybe the negotiations are a little further apart than what markets had been previously anticipating,” said Scott Smith, managing partner at Viewpoint Investment Partners.
China’s economic growth cooled slightly in the fourth quarter from a year earlier as expected, weighed down by weak investment and faltering consumer confidence as Washington piled on trade pressure, leaving 2018 growth the weakest in 28 years.
Canada exports many commodities, including oil, so its economy could be hurt by a slowdown in the global economy.
U.S. crude oil futures rose 0.2 per cent but the rally in global equities stalled. U.S. markets were closed for Martin Luther King Jr. Day.
The Canadian dollar was trading 0.2 per cent lower at 1.3294 to the greenback, or 75.22 U.S. cents.
The loonie, which hit a nine-day low on Thursday at 1.3319, traded in a range of 1.3257 to 1.3318.
The decline for the loonie comes after data on Friday showed a pickup in December in Canada’s annual inflation rate but stable underlying price pressures that could forestall additional interest rate hikes from the Bank of Canada over the coming months.
Canadian manufacturing and wholesale trade data for November are due on Tuesday. The November retail sales report is due on Wednesday.
Canadian government bond prices were higher across a flatter yield curve, with the 10-year rising 14 Canadian cents to yield 2.020 percent. On Friday, the 10-year yield touched its highest intraday in one month at 2.049 percent.