Wall Street rebounded on Friday to close at its highest in two weeks after a strong jobs report and assurances from Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell that the central bank would be patient and flexible in steering the course of interest rates. The TSX also rose, but in less dramatic fashion.
In a session emblematic of the elevated volatility that has gripped markets for weeks, all three major U.S. stock indexes surged more than 3 percent in one of the broadest advances in years. The gains more than wiped out the previous session’s losses and were led by the technology sector, which bounced back from its largest one-day decline in more than seven years after Apple Inc cut it sales outlook.
Since hitting a 20-month low on Christmas Eve just a rounding error from levels considered to be a bear market, the S&P 500 Index has now gained 7.7 percent. Friday’s advance, measured by the number of stocks rising versus those falling, was the broadest in more than eight years.
The main catalysts for the surge were the monthly U.S. payrolls report, which blew past economists’ forecasts with the largest number of jobs created in 10 months, and comments by the Fed’s Powell.
In remarks to the American Economic Association, Powell soothed market nerves with assurances that the central bank is sensitive to risks that worry investors and is not on a preset path of interest rate hikes.
Speaking after months of volatility in world bond and stock markets, Powell avoided some of the communication missteps that in the past have roiled rather than calmed investors. He also pledged to stay in his post even if asked to quit by President Donald Trump, who has repeatedly chastised the man he put in the job over the Fed’s repeated rate hikes.
“(Powell is) saying the right things: that the Fed is prepared to shift, that it’s listening carefully, that it’s sensitive to the messages the market is sending,” said James Athey, Senior Investment Manager, Aberdeen Standard Investments, in London. “It’s a good message for the market that is starting to consume itself out of fear.”
Still, others warn that the market’s up-and-down roller coaster ride this week could be the new normal.
“While days like today feel good, we still anticipate more economic weakness ahead and expect a continued back-and-forth grind in markets,” said Eric Freedman, chief investment officer at U.S. Bank Wealth Management in Minneapolis.
News that China and the United States would hold trade talks in Beijing next week helped tariff-vulnerable industrials lead the Dow’s rally, headed by Caterpillar Inc, United Technologies Corp, 3M Co and Boeing Co.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 746.94 points, or 3.29 percent, to 23,433.16, the S&P 500 gained 84.05 points, or 3.43 percent, to 2,531.94 and the Nasdaq Composite added 275.35 points, or 4.26 percent, to 6,738.86.
All 11 major sectors of the S&P 500 ended the session in positive territory, with technology, communications services , materials and industrial stocks seeing the largest percentage gains.
Apple shares rose 4.3 percent and led the tech sector’s advance as the company began to recover ground lost after warning of a holiday quarter revenue shortfall on Wednesday.
Each of the FAANG momentum stocks, a group that includes Facebook Inc, Apple, Amazon.com Inc, Netflix Inc and Google parent Alphabet Inc were trading higher.
Netflix jumped 9.7 percent after Goldman Sachs added the streaming service to its “conviction list.”
Advancing issues outnumbered declining ones on the NYSE by a 7.64-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, a 6.22-to-1 ratio favored advancers.
The S&P 500 posted no new 52-week highs and 1 new low; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 5 new highs and 19 new lows.
Volume on U.S. exchanges was 8.68 billion shares, compared to the 9.14 billion average over the last 20 trading days.
The Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX rose 213.87 points, or 1.50 percent, to 14,426.62.
Leading the index were Hudson’s Bay Co, up 15.9 percent, Hudbay Minerals Inc, up 9 percent, and Lundin Mining Corp , higher by 8.4 percent. Hudson’s Bay Co.’s stock rallied after an entity controlled by HBC executive chairman Richard Baker announced it picked up another eight per cent stake in the department store company.
Lagging shares were Eldorado Gold Corp, down 6.0 percent, Alacer Gold Corp, down 4.4 percent, and Kirkland Lake Gold Ltd, lower by 3.7 percent.
On the TSX 182 issues rose and 54 fell as a 3.4-to-1 ratio favored advancers. There were no new highs and 1 new lows, with total volume of 230.8 million shares.
The most heavily traded shares by volume were Bombardier Inc, Aurora Cannabis Inc and Barrick Gold Corp.
The TSX’s energy group rose 4.32 points, or 3.08 percent, while the financials sector climbed 4.10 points, or 1.53 percent.
West Texas Intermediate crude futures rose 2.29 percent, or $1.08, to $48.17 a barrel. Brent crude rose 2.34 percent, or $1.31, to $57.26.
The TSX is up 0.7 percent for the year.