Skip to main content
The Globe and Mail
Support Quality Journalism.
The Globe and Mail
First Access to Latest
Investment News
Collection of curated
e-books and guides
Inform your decisions via
Globe Investor Tools
Just$1.99
per week
for first 24 weeks

Enjoy unlimited digital access
Cancel Anytime
Enjoy Unlimited Digital Access
Get full access to globeandmail.com
Just $1.99per week for the first 24weeks
Just $1.99per week for the first 24weeks
var select={root:".js-sub-pencil",control:".js-sub-pencil-control",open:"o-sub-pencil--open",closed:"o-sub-pencil--closed"},dom={},allowExpand=!0;function pencilInit(o){var e=arguments.length>1&&void 0!==arguments[1]&&arguments[1];select.root=o,dom.root=document.querySelector(select.root),dom.root&&(dom.control=document.querySelector(select.control),dom.control.addEventListener("click",onToggleClicked),setPanelState(e),window.addEventListener("scroll",onWindowScroll),dom.root.removeAttribute("hidden"))}function isPanelOpen(){return dom.root.classList.contains(select.open)}function setPanelState(o){dom.root.classList[o?"add":"remove"](select.open),dom.root.classList[o?"remove":"add"](select.closed),dom.control.setAttribute("aria-expanded",o)}function onToggleClicked(){var l=!isPanelOpen();setPanelState(l)}function onWindowScroll(){window.requestAnimationFrame(function() {var l=isPanelOpen(),n=0===(document.body.scrollTop||document.documentElement.scrollTop);n||l||!allowExpand?n&&l&&(allowExpand=!0,setPanelState(!1)):(allowExpand=!1,setPanelState(!0))});}pencilInit(".js-sub-pencil",!1); // via darwin-bg var slideIndex = 0; carousel(); function carousel() { var i; var x = document.getElementsByClassName("subs_valueprop"); for (i = 0; i < x.length; i++) { x[i].style.display = "none"; } slideIndex++; if (slideIndex> x.length) { slideIndex = 1; } x[slideIndex - 1].style.display = "block"; setTimeout(carousel, 2500); } //

Which came first, the chicken or the egg? It’s a tough question to answer. Only slightly more difficult is the question of where you should hold your foreign stocks. The good news? We can do the math around this second question.

The issue

The reality is that Canada makes up just 2.7 per cent of world equity markets, so it’s no wonder that any well-constructed portfolio in Canada is going to include foreign stocks. The problem? Foreign countries generally levy withholding taxes on dividends paid to foreigners, and you need to consider this cost when deciding where to hold those investments. Should these stocks be held in your registered retirement savings plan, tax-free savings account, or in a non-registered account?

Now, you’re entitled to claim a foreign tax credit (FTC) on your Canadian tax return for any taxes paid to a foreign country if you own these securities in a non-registered account. Not so if you’re investing in an RRSP or TFSA. Common wisdom, then, is that you should avoid foreign stocks in these registered plans. But is this correct? Let’s look at the math.

Story continues below advertisement

The math

If you earn foreign dividends, you’ll face tax in Canada at regular rates, much like the rate that applies to interest income. There’s no dividend tax credit available on foreign dividends. In addition to Canadian taxes, you’ll generally pay a withholding tax to the foreign country at a rate between 15 and 25 per cent – a double-tax problem.

To solve this double-tax issue, our federal and provincial governments will provide you with an FTC for those foreign taxes paid (called “foreign non-business income taxes”). The idea is that the total taxes paid to both the Canadian and foreign governments should equal the same taxes you’d pay in Canada alone. The federal FTC is 15 per cent of net foreign non-business income – such as dividends.

As I mentioned, you can’t claim an FTC for foreign income earned in registered plans, even though most countries will still withhold tax on dividends paid to Canadians. There’s an exception for U.S. dividends earned in RRSPs, registered retirement income funds and locked-in plans. Under Canada’s tax treaty with the U.S., dividends paid on U.S. stocks in these accounts won’t face any withholding taxes. Sorry, but this exception won’t apply to TFSAs or other Canadian registered accounts. Canadian financial institutions should require you to complete U.S. tax form W-8BEN, which allows Canadian residents to take advantage of the Canada-U.S. treaty.

Now, consider Jake’s example. Jake is a Canadian resident who wants to add $50,000 before taxes to his portfolio, and specifically wants to invest in foreign (not U.S.) stocks that will pay dividends. We’ll assume that 15-per-cent foreign withholding taxes will apply to the foreign dividends he’ll earn, and that he’ll earn a healthy 4-per-cent annual dividend.

Jake could invest these funds in his RRSP, TFSA or a non-registered account. Check out the accompanying table.

Earning foreign dividends: Comparison of accounts

Non-Registered
Account ($)
TFSA ($)RRSP ($)
Income before taxes50,00050,00050,000
Canadian income tax(20,000)(20,000) -
Amount invested30,00030,00050,000
Foreign dividend income1,2001,2002,000
Foreign withholding tax(180)(180)(300)
Canadian income tax(480) - -
Foreign tax credit 180 - -
Amount withdrawn7201,0201,700
Tax on withdrawal - - (680)
Dividend after taxes7201,0201,020
Assumptions:
Marginal tax rate40.0%
Foreign dividend income4.00%
Foreign withholding taxes15.00%

Source: Our Family Office Inc.

You’ll see that the TFSA offers a better after-tax dividend ($1,020) than the non-registered account ($720) even though there’s no foreign tax credit in the TFSA case. Jake’s total tax paid in the TFSA is just the 15-per-cent withholding tax, whereas the dividend in the non-registered account was subject to the 40-per-cent tax paid in Canada.

As for the RRSP, we’re investing more money at the outset since the plan is funded with pre-tax dollars thanks to the RRSP deduction available. There is also tax to pay on the RRSP withdrawal which, in this example, results in the same after-tax dividend as the TFSA.

Story continues below advertisement

The summary

The numbers show that you shouldn’t decide to hold foreign stocks in your non-registered account solely for the foreign tax credit. You should do the math in your own situation. If, for example, you invest in U.S. stocks, there would be no foreign taxes in the RRSP on the dividends, which could make the RRSP result the best of the three options.

I realize that I haven’t addressed other issues such as earning capital gains inside the RRSP versus outside the plan because that’s not the purpose of this article. That’s a topic for another day.

Tim Cestnick, FCPA, FCA, CPA(IL), CFP, TEP, is an author, and co-founder and CEO of Our Family Office Inc. He can be reached at tim@ourfamilyoffice.ca.

Your Globe

Build your personal news feed

  1. Follow topics and authors relevant to your reading interests.
  2. Check your Following feed daily, and never miss an article. Access your Following feed from your account menu at the top right corner of every page.

Follow the author of this article:

Follow topics related to this article:

View more suggestions in Following Read more about following topics and authors
Report an error Editorial code of conduct
Due to technical reasons, we have temporarily removed commenting from our articles. We hope to have this fixed soon. Thank you for your patience. If you are looking to give feedback on our new site, please send it along to feedback@globeandmail.com. If you want to write a letter to the editor, please forward to letters@globeandmail.com.

Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Click here to subscribe.

If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to letters@globeandmail.com. Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter .

Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Click here to subscribe.

If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to letters@globeandmail.com. Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter .

Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff.

We aim to create a safe and valuable space for discussion and debate. That means:

  • Treat others as you wish to be treated
  • Criticize ideas, not people
  • Stay on topic
  • Avoid the use of toxic and offensive language
  • Flag bad behaviour

If you do not see your comment posted immediately, it is being reviewed by the moderation team and may appear shortly, generally within an hour.

We aim to have all comments reviewed in a timely manner.

Comments that violate our community guidelines will not be posted.

UPDATED: Read our community guidelines here

Discussion loading ...

To view this site properly, enable cookies in your browser. Read our privacy policy to learn more.
How to enable cookies