Skip to main content

The Globe and Mail

UBC students’ invention can warn parents of autistic meltdowns



Students at the University of British Columbia have developed an early warning system to help prevent meltdowns in autistic kids.

The device, which is still being tested, is designed to attach to the child's clothing. It includes tiny sensors that measure three indicators of anxiety – sweat, heart rate and skin temperature. Signs of a child's rising stress are relayed to a smartphone, allowing a parent to respond to a situation before it gets out of hand.

The concept is similar to the new technology-powered clothing that monitors athletes' heart rate or hydration levels. The difference is that children with autism tend to be extremely sensitive to how their clothing feels, particularly to tags and seams that stick out.

Story continues below advertisement

The UBC team decided that embedding the sensors in a T-shirt might be too irritating to a child.

"Right now, we're looking at integrating it into a sock," said Andrea Palmer, a 24-year-old mechanical engineering student who is leading the group. "But the goal is to have it be a modular device that you can remove."

The team plans to start testing their invention with B.C. families in January. In the meantime, Palmer and colleagues are tinkering with its size and feel, and tweaking the software that distinguishes between normal and high-stress indicators in the wearer.

The device, called Reveal, started out as a student project for an entrepreneurship-and-innovation class last fall.

The students contacted behavioural consultants, education co-ordinators and other specialists who work with autistic children.

"They have all told us that there would be a huge impact if we could give advance warning about behaviour meltdowns," Palmer said.

The device won first prize in April in the Canadian Global Impact competition, which recognizes innovations designed to improve people's lives.

Story continues below advertisement

Palmer won a scholarship to enter a 10-week graduate program at Singularity University in Silicon Valley, Calif., whose mission is to advance technologies that address humanity's greatest challenges.

Jill Farber, executive director of Autism Speaks Canada, noted that some autistic children are nonverbal and may have difficulty communicating changes in their stress.

"If we can prevent a stressful situation before it happens, then I think that's a really good tool to have for loved ones," Farber said.

She added that it's too soon to tell whether this device will make a difference. "I'm glad that it's coming from an evidence-based research platform [so] we can really understand whether or not this is a benefit for families or individuals during stressful situations," she said.

Report an error Licensing Options
About the Author

Adriana Barton is based in The Globe and Mail’s Vancouver bureau. Her article on growing up with counterculture parents is published in a McGraw-Hill anthology, right after an essay by Margaret Atwood. She wishes her last name didn’t start with B. More


The Globe invites you to share your views. Please stay on topic and be respectful to everyone. For more information on our commenting policies and how our community-based moderation works, please read our Community Guidelines and our Terms and Conditions.

We’ve made some technical updates to our commenting software. If you are experiencing any issues posting comments, simply log out and log back in.

Discussion loading… ✨