Theme: A formal affair Key word: Parterre A formal garden construction consisting of level planting beds edged in stone or tightly clipped hedging around gravel paths. Focal points such as topiary, fountains or other raised elements sometimes sit in the centre. The whole is intended to form a pleasing, usually symmetrical pattern.
Theme: Thoroughly modern Key word: Climbers/trailers Fast-growing, often wide-spreading vines that can be trained up or across walls, trellises, pergolas and other structures. Some (such as wisteria or common ivy) are lianas or woody vines, while others (morning glory, sweet pea) are herbaceous or non-woody. Most vines are flowering plants.
Theme: Wild and woody Key word: Understorey The area of a forest that grows between the tree canopy and the groundcover. In the wild, plants in the understorey comprise the seedlings and saplings of canopy trees as well as lower-level bushes and herbs. In a woodland garden, the same effect can be achieved via tall-growing shrubs and compact specimen trees.