A hydroelectric venture in central Labrador should serve as a cautionary tale for British Columbia and its own ambitions to build a multibillion-dollar dam in the province's northeast, the former head of Newfoundland and Labrador's public utilities regulator says.
David Vardy, a former economics professor and retired civil servant in that province, published a letter Tuesday addressed to the B.C. Utilities Commission containing more than a dozen recommendations based on lessons learned from Muskrat Falls.
The utilities regulator was tasked earlier this month by British Columbia's new NDP government to review the economic viability of Site C, an $8.8-billion energy project under construction on the Peace River.
"B.C. has the luxury of being able to stop this now without going any further," Mr. Vardy said in an interview. "In terms of the take-away from Muskrat Falls: It's not too late to stop it."
But in a statement released Tuesday, the Independent Contractors and Businesses Association told the utilities commission exactly the opposite: that BC Hydro must complete Site C.
"The Site C dam has been the subject of a robust, nearly three-year, independent review and its business case is solid," president Chris Gardner said. "We cannot produce this kind of high-quality, reasonably priced clean energy anywhere."
The competing recommendations around the future of the project come while the B.C. Utilities Commission takes a new look at the dam approved and begun by the previous Liberal government. The NDP government asked the BCUC to decide whether it makes more economic sense to go ahead with the project, mothball it until further notice or scrap it in favour of alternative power sources. The BCUC's final report on the business case is due by Nov. 1.
There are about 2,400 people working on Site C.
Mr. Gardner described Site C as an "all-important backbone" that would allow the province to transition to other renewable energy sources, adding that ratepayers cannot be expected to spend billions of dollars and get nothing in return.
But Mr. Vardy's letter outlined the similarities between the two provinces' megaprojects: Both are backed by powerful Crown corporations, both were exempt from the usual regulatory oversight process, at least initially, and both have experienced ballooning costs over time.
The price tag for Muskrat Falls has more than doubled from original estimates, swelling to $12.7-billion in the province of only about 525,000 people. Mr. Vardy said the project's cost of about $24,000 a person would double the province's per capita net debt and pose a major threat to its solvency.
Mr. Vardy encouraged the BCUC to ensure Site C is built according to current energy needs and is made as adaptable as possible, warning that the rapid pace of technological advances could make the project obsolete before long.
He also emphasized the importance of independent public oversight and a rigorous public review process, lauding the analysis being conducted by the utilities commission.
The commission's review process in British Columbia was once standard before the previous Liberal government's clean-energy laws permitted some projects, including Site C, to circumvent the regulatory process.
An e-mail from the province's Energy Ministry said the government would consider the results of the report, as well as environmental and First Nations considerations, before making a timely decision on the future of Site C.
Energy Minister Michelle Mungall declined further comment "out of respect for the independence of the review process."
BC Hydro could not immediately be reached for comment.
Mr. Vardy dismissed the logic of chasing money already spent, which he called sunk costs.
"The key consideration must be future costs," he said.
"We may find it very difficult to walk away from an investment… but what really counts is how much money you're going to have to spend before you get something that's worth anything."