Skip to main content
The Globe and Mail
Support Quality Journalism.
The Globe and Mail
First Access to Latest
Investment News
Collection of curated
e-books and guides
Inform your decisions via
Globe Investor Tools
per week
for first 24 weeks

Enjoy unlimited digital access
Enjoy Unlimited Digital Access
Get full access to
Just $1.99per week for the first 24weeks
Just $1.99per week for the first 24weeks
var select={root:".js-sub-pencil",control:".js-sub-pencil-control",open:"o-sub-pencil--open",closed:"o-sub-pencil--closed"},dom={},allowExpand=!0;function pencilInit(o){var e=arguments.length>1&&void 0!==arguments[1]&&arguments[1];select.root=o,dom.root=document.querySelector(select.root),dom.root&&(dom.control=document.querySelector(select.control),dom.control.addEventListener("click",onToggleClicked),setPanelState(e),window.addEventListener("scroll",onWindowScroll),dom.root.removeAttribute("hidden"))}function isPanelOpen(){return dom.root.classList.contains(}function setPanelState(o){dom.root.classList[o?"add":"remove"](,dom.root.classList[o?"remove":"add"](select.closed),dom.control.setAttribute("aria-expanded",o)}function onToggleClicked(){var l=!isPanelOpen();setPanelState(l)}function onWindowScroll(){window.requestAnimationFrame(function() {var l=isPanelOpen(),n=0===(document.body.scrollTop||document.documentElement.scrollTop);n||l||!allowExpand?n&&l&&(allowExpand=!0,setPanelState(!1)):(allowExpand=!1,setPanelState(!0))});}pencilInit(".js-sub-pencil",!1); // via darwin-bg var slideIndex = 0; carousel(); function carousel() { var i; var x = document.getElementsByClassName("subs_valueprop"); for (i = 0; i < x.length; i++) { x[i].style.display = "none"; } slideIndex++; if (slideIndex> x.length) { slideIndex = 1; } x[slideIndex - 1].style.display = "block"; setTimeout(carousel, 2500); } //

Petty Officer First Class Rob Majore, right, a clearance diver with the Esquimalt-based Royal Canadian Navy Fleet Diving Unit, and Vancouver Aquarium senior marine mammal trainer Paula Lash, back left, participate in a diving demonstration as beluga whale Aurora swims at the aquarium in Vancouver, B.C., on Sunday January 18, 2015.

DARRYL DYCK/The Canadian Press

The Vancouver Aquarium is weighing its options, including possible legal action, in response to a controversial ban on whales, dolphins and porpoises in city parks.

And plans for construction that was to begin in September have come to a screeching halt as the aquarium plans its next move and potential future.

"We're trying to understand all the potential impacts, step one, and then step two, say what are our options," president John Nightingale said on Tuesday.

Story continues below advertisement

Those impacts include capital spending – work was to begin on new pools in September – potential visitor and revenue impacts from not having cetacean exhibits and the fate of five whales currently on loan to facilities in the United States.

"Then step three is, what do we do about it – all options are open, until we understand this."

The aquarium has previously turned to the courts, in 2014, seeking to have a proposed breeding ban overturned. That court action was put on hold when the proposed ban was shelved following a municipal election that changed the makeup of the park board.

But even as the aquarium vowed to keep up the fight, supporters of the ban hailed it as long overdue and called on the aquarium to find new ways to meet its conservation goals.

"No aquarium can contain cetaceans – which are large creatures – sustainably, for extended periods of time," Vancouver Green Party councillor Stuart Mackinnon said on Tuesday.

"These are not healthy environments."

The Park Board voted 6-1 in favour of a bylaw that bans whales, dolphins and porpoises in captivity. The new bylaw goes into effect immediately.

Story continues below advertisement

The aquarium's three cetaceans – a false killer whale, a harbour porpoise and a Pacific white-sided dolphin – will be allowed to stay, but the bylaw means they can't be used in shows.

An American whale specialist said he was disappointed by the development.

"Having a safe place and talented people to [rehabilitate] marine animals is a real contribution to their welfare and allows some access by scientists to better understand the animals they care about passionately," Bruce Mate, director of Oregon State University's Marine Mammal Institute, said Tuesday in an e-mail.

"I hope their board will reconsider the rehabilitation services they render to otherwise doomed animals, even if they cannot return most to the wild," Dr. Mate said.

Erin Shum, a Park Board commissioner who voted against the ban, is also worried by potential impact on rescue and rehabilitation.

"What will happen to these animals, long term, if they don't have a home? … If they can't be released, where will they stay?" she asked.

Story continues below advertisement

She said she was also concerned by potential costs to the city – and by extension, to taxpayers – of a legal battle.

Because of its location in Stanley Park, the aquarium falls under Park Board oversight.

Its current lease with the Park Board runs to 2029.

The aquarium had planned to build two expanded whale pools in the second phase of a $100-million expansion program. That second phase was to feature an Artcic exhibit with two beluga pools, according to Park Board meeting minutes. That second phase is now on hold in light of the Park Board vote.

In February, the aquarium announced plans to bring back some of the belugas currently loaned to other facilities, saying those would be non-breeding and that the beluga display would end by 2029 – when its lease expires.

Two beluga whales, a mother and calf, died nine days apart last November. Qila was the first beluga whale born in captivity in Canada and was 21 when it died; its mother, Aurora, 30, died nine months later.

Story continues below advertisement

In April, the aquarium said a five-month investigation concluded both animals died as a result of an unidentified toxin "likely introduced by food, water, or through human interference."

The aquarium said it was taking several measures to guard against animals being exposed to toxins, including replacing water-treatment systems, improving feed screening procedures and updating security.

The full report was not released.

The controversy over whales in captivity is also a federal issue.

Bill S-203, the Ending the Captivity of Whales and Dolphins Act, is currently in Senate committee hearings. The bill was introduced in 2015 by now-retired Nova Scotia senator Wilfred Moore and is backed by Green Party Leader Elizabeth May.

If the legislation makes it through the Senate, it would then go to the House of Commons.

Your Globe

Build your personal news feed

  1. Follow topics and authors relevant to your reading interests.
  2. Check your Following feed daily, and never miss an article. Access your Following feed from your account menu at the top right corner of every page.

Follow the author of this article:

View more suggestions in Following Read more about following topics and authors
Report an error Editorial code of conduct
Due to technical reasons, we have temporarily removed commenting from our articles. We hope to have this fixed soon. Thank you for your patience. If you are looking to give feedback on our new site, please send it along to If you want to write a letter to the editor, please forward to

Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Click here to subscribe.

If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter .

Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Click here to subscribe.

If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter .

Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff.

We aim to create a safe and valuable space for discussion and debate. That means:

  • Treat others as you wish to be treated
  • Criticize ideas, not people
  • Stay on topic
  • Avoid the use of toxic and offensive language
  • Flag bad behaviour

If you do not see your comment posted immediately, it is being reviewed by the moderation team and may appear shortly, generally within an hour.

We aim to have all comments reviewed in a timely manner.

Comments that violate our community guidelines will not be posted.

UPDATED: Read our community guidelines here

Discussion loading ...

To view this site properly, enable cookies in your browser. Read our privacy policy to learn more.
How to enable cookies