Authorities are expanding a water-use ban to include the Quesnel and Cariboo Rivers up to the Fraser River after a tailings pond southeast of Quesnel was breached, sending millions of cubic metres of waste water into nearby roads and waterways.
An initial ban advised all residents living around the Mount Polley Mine area, near the town of Likely, to use only bottled water until further notice. Tailings ponds contain waste water from mines.
The advisory affected hundreds of people living around Quesnel Lake, Polley Lake, Hazeltine Creek and Cariboo Creek. The ban has since been expanded to include anyone living along the Quesnel and Cariboo Rivers.
Those areas are sparsely populated and the Cariboo Regional District has not determined how many people have been affected.
People in Quesnel are also being asked to avoid using water from the Quesnel River.
The ban does not apply to people in Williams Lake or other towns along the Fraser River.
An environmental consultant who examined the tailings pond says the storage facility was growing at an unsustainable rate.
Brian Olding says the Mount Polley Mine tailings pond was getting bigger and bigger over the years as more tailings and precipitation flowed into it. Mount Polley is an open-pit copper and gold mine owned by the Imperial Metals Corporation.
He says Imperial Metals was building the walls of the storage dam higher and higher to hold back the contaminated water.
Olding says Imperial Metals was seeking a permit to treat and release some of the water to keep the size of the pond in check.
The Vancouver-based mining company says the current situation has stabilized.
Imperial Metals also says the cause of the breach is unknown and there was no indication of trouble before a section of the earthen dam crumbled before dawn on Monday, sending its contents into Hazeltine Creek.
The company has been involved on the construction or operation of seven mines, the majority in British Columbia.
Authorities had previously said Likely was not directly affected, because it was unclear how many people in the town used water from Quesnel Lake. But since then, the Cariboo Regional District has decided to start delivering water to Likely because the main supplier of bottled water in the area, a small grocery store, could not keep up with the demand.
Al Richmond, chair of the district, said search and rescue crews evacuated campers in the Mount Polley area. But shelters have not been provided for them, as they appear to have set up camp elsewhere without any problems.
He said most of the waste appears to have been contained in Hazeltine Creek, though some of the material has flowed into Quesnel Lake and Polley Lake.
"The majority of the slurry and the debris was contained at the mouth of the creek," said Richmond. "While there has been some flow of that material into the lake, it hasn't been substantial in consideration of the size of the spill."
The width of the creek has swollen in size because of the washout.
"At one time it was four feet and now it's 150 feet," he said.
The Horsefly-Likely Road, which joins Likely to the town of Horsefly, has been washed out, and authorities have closed it down until cleanup crews finish making repairs.
The Cariboo Regional District has not received any reports of injuries or people getting sick from drinking water.
No property damage reports have been filed, though that may change with time, Richmond said.
The Ministry of Environment said it is working to determine how much environmental damage has been done.
"Further monitoring and testing of waterways will be required before the full extent of potential environmental impacts can be determined," the ministry said in a written statement.
Water test results are expected in days.
On Aug. 4, 2014, an earthen dam containing waste water from the Mount Polley Mine in B.C.'s Cariboo region breached, sending water and fine sand from the tailings pond into Hazeltine Creek. Some of the waste water and debris also spilled into Polley Lake and Quesnel Lake. See below the map for the latest sequence of events:
1. On Aug. 4, a tailings pond dam breach sent 10 million cubic metres of water and 4.5 million cubic metres of fine sand into Polley Lake.
2. The balance of the tailings and water flowed down Hazeltine Creek, which was originally 1.2 metres wide, but is now up to 150 metres wide.
3. A water-drinking and fish-eating ban has been reduced, and now applies to Polley Lake, Hazeltine Creek and a 100-metre radius into Quesnel Lake from the creek's mouth.
4. Debris from the dam breach created an unstable blockage of Polley Lake. Imperial Metals has since installed a pipe to allow for lake drainage to the creek.
5. Work continues on a dike at the dam breach to contain tailings material during rain.
MURAT YUKSELIR/THE GLOBE AND MAIL » SOURCE: GOVERNMENT OF B.C.