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Painting of Laura Secord being brought to see Lieutenant Fitzgibbon by a Mohawk warrior, to warn the British of an impending American attack featured in The War of 1812. (National Archives of Canada)
Painting of Laura Secord being brought to see Lieutenant Fitzgibbon by a Mohawk warrior, to warn the British of an impending American attack featured in The War of 1812. (National Archives of Canada)

Answers explained: War of 1812 Add to ...

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Which British officer was responsible for the victory at the battle of Queenston Heights in 1812?

Major-General Roger Sheaffe. Major-General Isaac Brock died as the British were losing the battle. Gen. Sheaffe took command of the British, Canadian and native forces following Gen. Brock’s death and led them to victory.

British forces occupied Washington, DC and burned public building during 1814 in retaliation for what act by the Americans?

The destruction of Port Dover in 1814. Continued attacks on communities along the north shore of Lake Erie resulted in the occupation of Washington as a signal to stop these atrocities. The burning of York was not a reason for this action.

The Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812 ended on which date?

Although the Treaty of Ghent was signed on Christmas Eve 1814, it did not come into effect until it was ratified by both governments in February of 1815. The British insisted on this clause as the American Congress had refused to ratify three earlier treaties.

Who was the commander-on-chief of British forces during the War of 1812?

Lieutenant-General Sir George Prevost was the governor and commander-n-chief of British North America from 1811 to 1815. Gen. Prevost, not Major-General Isaac Brock or anyone else for that matter, held ultimate responsibility for winning or losing the war in North America.

Who was the most important aboriginal leader of the War of 1812?

While Tecumseh played an important role along the Detroit frontier, John Norton, a Scottish Cherokee who became a Mohawk chief, played a crucial role throughout the war in keeping the Grand River Iroquois in Upper Canada loyal to Great Britain. He also took part in almost every military operation on the Niagara frontier between 1812 and 1814, playing a particularly conspicuous role at Queenston Heights in 1812.

In which battle did British and Canadian forces experience their greatest casualties on Canadian soil?

The British attack on Fort Erie in August of 1814 ended after one of the magazines in the fort exploded. The assaulting British and Canadian troops had 57 killed, 309 wounded and 539 missing, for a total of 905. The Americans lost 10 and had 39 wounded.

What success did British forces from Halifax enjoy between July, 1814 and April, 1815?

They occupied the state of Maine. The British hoped that by occupying key settlements in Maine, they could permanently secure territory along the disputed boundary with New Brunswick, thus improving communications with Lower Canada (Quebec)

Why did the British commence moving their main naval base on Lake Ontario from Kingston to York (now Toronto) in 1812?

The British feared Kingston’s proximity to the United States made it an easy target and began moving the dockyard to York in 1812. This decision was reversed the next year after the American attack on York. Kingston was never attacked during the war, while York was twice occupied by the Americans.

Who led the aboriginal forces in the victory at Beaver Dams in 1813?

Captain Dominique Ducharme was an officer of the Indian Department and had led a large contingent of Iroquois from the Montreal area to the Niagara Peninsula in June of 1813. After the battle, Capt. Ducharme, who spoke little English, recommended to Lieutenant James Fitzgibbon that he negotiate the American capitulation. As a result, credit for the victory is often attributed to Lt. Fitzgibbon

What was the outcome of the War?

The war ended in a stalemate and both sides returned to the pre-war status quo. Despite the assertion by American president Thomas Jefferson that taking Canada would be a “mere matter of marching,” this was never a stated American goal. Alternatively, the British objective throughout the war was to preserve the integrity of their North American provinces and not conquer the United States.

Obviously, had either side achieved a significant and lasting military victory over the other, territory may have changed hands, but that never happened and in the end, both sides agreed to return to the s tatus quo ante bellum and withdrew from occupied territory.

The only group that was adversely affected by the results were the aboriginal peoples living on the eastern half of the continent; at one time they held the balance of power between the warring European colonies, and by 1815, they were militarily insignificant and subject to the policies of the growing white population.

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