Traffic congestion in most major Canadian cities is getting worse, according to a traffic index compiled by a firm that specializes in navigation and mapping products.
TomTom's fifth-annual traffic index suggests the average commuter lost 84 hours in 2014 while delayed in traffic in Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal.
Nationally, the index shows the average time lost to traffic was almost 79 hours, an increase of two per cent over 2013.
In Canada's most congested cities — Vancouver, Toronto and Ottawa — the index shows congestion has grown by a combined seven per cent.
Here are the most congested cities in Canada, according to TomTom's data, with the overall congestion level and where they rank globally:
1. Vancouver: congestion level 35 per cent, world ranking 20th worst
2. Toronto, 31 per cent, world rank 47
3. Ottawa, 28 per cent, world rank 59
4. Montreal, 27 per cent, world rank 75
5. Edmonton, 23 per cent, world rank 97
6. Calgary, 22 per cent, world rank 101
Amsterdam-based TomTom blames high levels of congestion on the traditional work week in which many people have no choice but to be on the road at the same time.
The 10 most congested cities in the world, according to TomTom:
2. Mexico City
3. Rio de Janeiro
5. Salvador, Brazil
6. Recife, Brazil
7. Saint Petersburg
8. Bucharest, Romania
10. Los Angeles