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Former Guantanamo Bay prisoner Omar Khadr, shown in this undated handout image. Mr. Khadr, 28, is currently incarcerated in Innisfail, Alta., but a judge has ordered him released on bail.HO/The Canadian Press

Granting bail to former Guantanamo Bay prisoner Omar Khadr while he appeals his war crimes conviction in the United States threatens the entire system of international prisoner transfers, the federal government argues in new court filings.

The claim comes in material filed late Monday as part of Ottawa's 11th-hour attempt to block Khadr's release from prison — which could come as early as Tuesday evening.

"A lack of clarity in the international transfer process may jeopardize the system as a whole," the government states in documents obtained by The Canadian Press.

"(Khadr's) release unsettles the foundation of this system by introducing uncertainty and a lack of control over the manner in which Canadian offenders' sentences are enforced."

Despite having presented no such evidence at his bail hearing, the government also now argues that allowing Khadr out — given his long incarceration — presents a risk that is contrary to the public interest.

"Springing (him) into the community rather than allowing him to continue his planned reintegration poses an undue risk," the government states.

It does not elaborate on the nature of the risk but notes he has applied for parole in June.

In response, Khadr's lawyers said the government's case for a stay was weak.

For one thing, they say, the government acknowledges Khadr's case is unique and will have little or no effect on other prison transfers.

"The onus is on the (Crown) to establish that irreparable harm will actually occur if a stay is not granted," they state in their reply brief.

"Reliance upon harm that is speculative or merely 'likely' is insufficient."

On Monday, the government also filed its formal notice of appeal of the April 24 decision by Justice June Ross of the Alberta Court of Queen's Bench granting Khadr bail. It wants the stay pending disposition of the case.

The last-ditch stay application, slated to be heard by a single Court of Appeal justice on Tuesday morning, says the government "will suffer irreparable harm" if the Toronto-born Khadr, now 28, is released.

In a statement, a Khadr support group denounced the government's "unrelenting vilification" of the prisoner and its "knee-jerk" appeal of every court decision favourable to him.

"The rights, freedom and liberties of all Canadians are diminished by the actions of this government," Free Omar Khadr Now said.

Ottawa maintains that Ross had no jurisdiction to hear Khadr's bail application under the provisions of the International Transfer of Offenders Act — the treaty that saw him returned to Canada from Guantanamo Bay in September 2012 to serve out his eight-year sentence for five war crimes.

Allowing him out — an unprecedented situation — could jeopardize the repatriation of other Canadian prisoners and damage Canada's relations with the U.S., the government says.

But the U.S. State Department said in a statement to CBC Monday that releasing Khadr on bail would not strain Canada-U.S. relations.

Ross gave "short shrift" to Canada's "real and consequential" international obligations and she was wrong to find that the right to seek bail pending appeal is a constitutionally guaranteed "principle of fundamental justice," the government argues.

The justice was also wrong to accept Khadr's submissions that his appeal in the U.S. against his war crimes conviction has real merit and a strong chance of success.

Public Safety Minister Steven Blaney said on Monday the government has been consistent in its approach to Khadr — which has been to brand him as an unrepentant terrorist.

"We feel that Mr. Khadr, until a final decision is rendered by the court, should stay behind bars," Blaney said in Ottawa.

In 2010, the Toronto-born Khadr pleaded guilty to five war crimes — including murder for the death of an American special forces soldier — before a widely discredited U.S. military commission. The alleged offences occurred in Afghanistan in July 2002 when he was 15 years old.

He later said he only pleaded guilty to get out of Guantanamo Bay because the Americans could have held him indefinitely even if he had been acquitted. He is serving his sentence in Bowden Institution, near Innisfail, Alta.