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A protester gets into a heated discussion with a participant at the International Economic Forum of the Americas in Montreal on June 11, 2012.Peter Mccabe/The Canadian Press

Attending his first event in Montreal in nearly three months, Prime Minister Stephen Harper will not get much of a first-hand glimpse of the raucous local protests that have made international news.

That's because there are about a dozen people demonstrating outside the hotel where he's scheduled to speak — and not all of them are aware of the prime minister's attendance.

Police outnumber protesters by more than two to one at the International Economic Forum of the Americas, which the Prime Minister is attending Monday.

A line of riot police is defending the site of the conference. RCMP officers are searching the bags of journalists covering the event. Earlier in the day, there were minibuses filled with heavily armed provincial riot police, but eventually they drove away.

An advisory announcing the Prime Minister's attendance at the conference, and that of Quebec Premier Jean Charest, only went out Monday morning, giving potential protesters little advance notice of the high-profile visitors.

Some were completely unaware the Prime Minister was coming. "Harper's going to be here?" asked one young man, Marc-Antoine Marcoux, who expressed frustration about the overall turnout for the event, which he had said was supposed to attract 1,000 people.

Even police appeared befuddled by the lack of protesters. One police officer left the defensive line to talk to Mr. Marcoux and ask him where everybody was. He asked whether there was some delay, or whether droves would suddenly show up later.

Student and anti-capitalist groups did stage a small demonstration outside the downtown hotel hosting the conference, which Mr. Harper and Bank of Canada governor Mark Carney were attending Monday. Former U.S. Federal Reserve chairman Alan Greenspan will also address the conference Wednesday.

Protesters were heckling delegates as they entered through the police line, telling attendees to "go home" and calling them "fascists."

The crowd over the lunch hour had included several dozen protesters, and most of them left well before Harper's scheduled 3 p.m. speech.

The event followed Montreal's tumultuous Grand Prix weekend which saw vandalism, arrests and clashes between riot police and anti-capitalist demonstrators.

The speech by Mr. Greenspan scheduled for Wednesday is also expected to draw the ire of protesters. An anti-capitalist group organizing Monday's event said Greenspan was largely responsible for the global economic crisis.

Delegates at the four-day economic conference include political, economic and regulatory officials from around the world.

Montreal's student protests, which have lasted four months, have swelled to include various causes — including opposition to capitalism.

Protester Priscillia Laplante believes the Harper government's policies are squeezing poorer people in Canada.

"He goes completely against what the middle and lower classes believe right now," said Ms. Laplante, who also wants to send a message to conference delegates and Mr. Charest.

"It's no longer just a question of education, it's a question of rights, it's a question of social class and we believe it should be fair for everybody.

"I think that if we look for solutions together, it will be possible to find them."