Skip to main content
The Globe and Mail
Support Quality Journalism.
The Globe and Mail
First Access to Latest
Investment News
Collection of curated
e-books and guides
Inform your decisions via
Globe Investor Tools
per week
for first 24 weeks

Enjoy unlimited digital access
Enjoy Unlimited Digital Access
Get full access to
Just $1.99 per week for the first 24 weeks
Just $1.99 per week for the first 24 weeks
var select={root:".js-sub-pencil",control:".js-sub-pencil-control",open:"o-sub-pencil--open",closed:"o-sub-pencil--closed"},dom={},allowExpand=!0;function pencilInit(o){var e=arguments.length>1&&void 0!==arguments[1]&&arguments[1];select.root=o,dom.root=document.querySelector(select.root),dom.root&&(dom.control=document.querySelector(select.control),dom.control.addEventListener("click",onToggleClicked),setPanelState(e),window.addEventListener("scroll",onWindowScroll),dom.root.removeAttribute("hidden"))}function isPanelOpen(){return dom.root.classList.contains(}function setPanelState(o){dom.root.classList[o?"add":"remove"](,dom.root.classList[o?"remove":"add"](select.closed),dom.control.setAttribute("aria-expanded",o)}function onToggleClicked(){var l=!isPanelOpen();setPanelState(l)}function onWindowScroll(){window.requestAnimationFrame(function() {var l=isPanelOpen(),n=0===(document.body.scrollTop||document.documentElement.scrollTop);n||l||!allowExpand?n&&l&&(allowExpand=!0,setPanelState(!1)):(allowExpand=!1,setPanelState(!0))});}pencilInit(".js-sub-pencil",!1); // via darwin-bg var slideIndex = 0; carousel(); function carousel() { var i; var x = document.getElementsByClassName("subs_valueprop"); for (i = 0; i < x.length; i++) { x[i].style.display = "none"; } slideIndex++; if (slideIndex> x.length) { slideIndex = 1; } x[slideIndex - 1].style.display = "block"; setTimeout(carousel, 2500); } //

A Certificate of Canadian Citizenship rests on the lap of a new Canadian Citizen during a Canadian Citizenship ceremony in Ottawa on Wednesday, September 29, 2010.

Pawel Dwulit/The Globe and Mail

The Conservative government has given itself broad new powers to share Canadian immigration files and other information with foreign governments – a practice that could have far-reaching implications for individuals who cross borders.

The powers are included in Bill C-24, an overhaul of citizenship law passed last month, though have drawn little attention. The changes amend the Citizenship Act to allow Stephen Harper's cabinet to draft regulations "providing for the disclosure of information for the purposes of national security, the defence of Canada or the conduct of international affairs," including under international deals struck by Citizenship and Immigration Minister Chris Alexander.

Cabinet will also now be permitted to allow the "disclosure of information to verify the citizenship status or identity of any person" to enforce any Canadian law "or law of another country."

Story continues below advertisement

Ottawa contends the final regulations are still being developed and will comply with Canadian law. However, critics warn the changes could lead to Canada sharing citizenship and immigration details with foreign countries, whether verified or not, without oversight.

"This language gives them another legal basis for sharing information," said immigration lawyer Lorne Waldman, who represented Maher Arar at a federal commission of inquiry a decade ago.

Mr. Waldman said the perils of unfettered information sharing are illustrated by that case. Mr. Arar, a Canadian of Syrian heritage, was jailed and tortured in his homeland, after RCMP wrongly flagged him as a terrorism suspect.

"Go back to Maher Arar," said Mr. Waldman. "Sharing information is fine, but when you share information, make sure that the information sharing is accurate."

In the aftermath of the Arar affair, strict rules were imposed on how Canada's police and intelligence agencies share information with their foreign counterparts.

However, critics fear the rules are being relaxed – especially as other federal agencies expand their own, less-regulated information sharing practices. Canada's new perimeter-security agreement with the United States, for example, envisions a greater flow of information in government databases across borders.

C-24 has mostly drawn attention for giving the Minister the unilateral ability to strip Canadian citizenship in extreme cases, even from those born in Canada.

Story continues below advertisement

Mr. Alexander's office said the bill's added information-sharing powers are "in line" with existing laws under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

"Our government takes the privacy of Canadians very seriously," Alexis Pavlich, Mr. Alexander's press secretary, said in an e-mailed statement. The new provisions are needed to "verify citizenship status and answer other identity questions," but "any information shared with partner countries will be in accordance with domestic and international norms and obligations," Ms. Pavlich said.

Ms. Pavlich said the department is working with the Privacy Commissioner in developing regulations. Neither the Information Commissioner nor the Privacy Commissioner testified to committees considering Bill C-24.

Lawyers interviewed by The Globe warn potentially damaging personal information could move relatively easily and without adequate oversight.

It's unclear precisely what information could be shared. Immigration lawyer Barbara Jackman suggested federal officials could pass along citizenship applications and background checks, particularly in relation to Canadians involved in extremist movements abroad.

"It's those ones they want to be able to share information about," Ms. Jackman said. But "it scares me because it won't stop there."

Story continues below advertisement

Government officials "are already abusing their power," said Gabriel Chand, a Vancouver-based lawyer in an interview.

He explained that he recently represented a Sri Lankan Tamil who complained he was jailed and tortured in his homeland after being deported from Canada.

Mr. Chand said his client detailed his allegations in a post-deportation narrative that was filed in a sealed Canadian tribunal proceeding. Yet Ottawa officials shared that narrative with Sri Lankan counterterrorism officials, he said, a set of circumstances that he alleged had placed his client in even greater jeopardy.

Richard Kurland, a Vancouver immigration lawyer, said the open-ended powers apply to any Canadians, not just prospective immigrants, but the issue was dwarfed by other controversial elements of the bill.

"I'm sure Canadians and the politicians didn't fully grasp what was on that blank cheque they just signed," Mr. Kurland said of the information-sharing powers.

Josh Paterson, executive director of the BC Civil Liberties Association, said the group is "very concerned" by the new provisions that "raise serious questions about what kinds of information on Canadian citizens the government plans to share with foreign governments, and why."

Your Globe

Build your personal news feed

  1. Follow topics and authors relevant to your reading interests.
  2. Check your Following feed daily, and never miss an article. Access your Following feed from your account menu at the top right corner of every page.

Follow the authors of this article:

Follow topics related to this article:

View more suggestions in Following Read more about following topics and authors
Report an error Editorial code of conduct
Due to technical reasons, we have temporarily removed commenting from our articles. We hope to have this fixed soon. Thank you for your patience. If you are looking to give feedback on our new site, please send it along to If you want to write a letter to the editor, please forward to

Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Click here to subscribe.

If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter .

Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Click here to subscribe.

If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter .

Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff.

We aim to create a safe and valuable space for discussion and debate. That means:

  • Treat others as you wish to be treated
  • Criticize ideas, not people
  • Stay on topic
  • Avoid the use of toxic and offensive language
  • Flag bad behaviour

If you do not see your comment posted immediately, it is being reviewed by the moderation team and may appear shortly, generally within an hour.

We aim to have all comments reviewed in a timely manner.

Comments that violate our community guidelines will not be posted.

Read our community guidelines here

Discussion loading ...

' ].join(''); bioEp.init({ html: html, width: 608, cookieExp: 0, delay: 0, onPopup: function () { exitPopupPushAnalytics('popupDisplay') } }); } function popupClickSubscribe(tag) { exitPopupPushAnalytics('clickSubscribe-' + tag); var url = '' + tag; window.location.href = url; } function exitPopupPushAnalytics(action) { window.analyticsLayer.push({ "event": "clickEvent", "clickEvent": { "testId": "cem1697", "feature": "promotions", "action": action, "type": "test", "label": action, "variantName": "experience", "segmentName": "popup" } }) }
To view this site properly, enable cookies in your browser. Read our privacy policy to learn more.
How to enable cookies