In a polarizing Toronto, the rich are getting richer, the poor are getting poorer and the middle income bracket is becoming an endangered species, according to a report from the University of Toronto's Cities Centre.
The report, published Wednesday, updates a study headed by professor David Hulchanski that identified "Three Cities" in Toronto when it first came out in 2007. But the middle-income City Two is shrinking quickly, replaced by a growing number of census tracts dominated by high-income and low-income earners.
It makes for a city economically divided along geographic lines, which planners and economists warn spells trouble for both social development and economic prosperity.
What's driving the change? What are its implications? And why are the city's efforts to boost equality not slowing that trend of stratification?
Join Prof. Hulchanski and Israt Ahmed, Community Planner for Scarborough Social Planning Toronto, for a live discussion, happening now.
David Hulchanski is the research director for the Cities Centre, principal investigator of the Neighbourhood Change Community University Research Alliance (CURA) and a professor of community development in the Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto.
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