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Ji Yaowu, holds his child, Ji Chenhao, with his wife, Bian Yuhui, at his side this week at their home in Shanghai. The couple would like to have a second child, but they will have to pay a fine of nearly $100,000, because they don’t qualify for exemptions.Kevin Lee

Chinese health officials say only 700,000 newly-qualified couples have applied for having a second child this year, far below earlier estimates that an easing in the country's birth policy would add 1 million to 2 million extra births per year in the first few years.

Zhao Yanpei, a senior official at the National Health and Family Planning Commission, told reporters at a briefing this week that the number has been lower than expected but said it is too early to conclude how the new policy would affect China's birth rate.

Last year, China eased its one-child policy to allow couples where one partner has no siblings to have two children. Couples where both partners have no siblings have been allowed to have two children for some time.