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A century after the Russian Revolution, the influence of its leader Vladimir Lenin has waned but his image remains on monuments built across the former Soviet Union as part of a cult of personality. Lenin was born in 1870 and became one of the 20th century's most important leaders as the revolution inspired by Karl Marx transformed Russia and influenced Socialists around the world for decades. As the first leader of the one-party communist state, Lenin redistributed land and nationalised industry and banks in a bid to champion the working class. He also used violence on a wide scale to crush perceived opponents of his Marxist ideology.When he died in 1924, Soviet authorities displayed his body in a mausoleum in Moscow's Red Square where it lies to this day. They also built monuments and statues of him around the Soviet Union, often depicting him giving a speech to supporters at a station in what is now Saint Petersburg on his arrival from exile by train in April 1917 to lead the revolution. Many of the memorials have been toppled or removed since the Soviet Union was dissolved in 1991 but others remain, reflecting a debate in Russia about his legacy.

A monument to Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin stands in a park in Yevpatoriya, Crimea, January 10, 2017.


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A ruined ship with Communist Party symbol hammer and sickle lies on a salinated part of the Aral Sea coast line near the village of Akespe, south-western Kazakhstan, April 16, 2017.


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A Soviet-Era wall decoration is seen on a residential building in Yevpatoriya, Crimea, September 30, 2017.


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A Soviet-Era monument with a sickle and a hammer which were displayed on the coat of arms of the Soviet Union, stands in Simferopol, Crimea, October 13, 2017.


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The Russian state flag flies in front of a monument to Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin in Bakhchysarai, Crimea, September 27, 2017.


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A detail of a monument to Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin is seen in the settlement of Ordzhonikidze, near Feodosia, Crimea September 26, 2017.


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A monument to Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin stands in the settlement of Kovylnoye in the Razdolnensky district of Crimea, April 7, 2016.


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Cleaners sweep the ground near a wall decoration which shows the image of Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin and the inscription below that reads: "Art belongs to the people", in Simferopol, Crimea, October 17, 2017.


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A cobalt glass mosaic panel with a portrait of Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin is seen at the Krasnoyarsk hydro electric power station, second largest in Russia, located on the Yenisei River outside the Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk, Russia, September 5, 2017.


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A monument to Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin stands at a park of the Siberian town of Uzhur in Krasnoyarsk region, Russia, September 28, 2017.


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A ghost town of a former Soviet military radar station is seen near Skrunda, Latvia, April 9, 2016. It was the site of two Dnepr radar installations constructed in the 1960s and were strategically important to the Soviet Union as they covered Western Europe. Radar station was closed on 4 September 1998 and all materials of value were removed from the site and carried back to Russia when the last Russian troops left Latvia in 1998. All 60 buildings of the former complex and town, including apartment blocks, a school, barracks and an officers club, remained and were abandoned.


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A damaged monument to Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin lies at a private abandoned courtyard outside Tbilisi, Georgia, September 12, 2017.


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A panel with a portrait of Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin and an abandoned building are seen at the 30 km (19 miles) exclusion zone around the Chernobyl nuclear reactor in the abandoned village of Orevichi, Belarus, March 12, 2016.


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Monuments of Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin stand at museum of the social realism in Frumushika-nova, Odessa region, Ukraine, September 29, 2017.


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A bas-relief depicting Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin is seen on a dam of Kirov Reservoir in Talas region, western Kyrgyzstan, September 4, 2017.


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