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Sunday's independence votes were touted as providing a mandate for some of Ukraine's eastern regions to declare independence from the fragile government in Kiev, but reaction from world leaders ranged from scornful to cynical to dismissive.
The Globe's Mark MacKinnon reported that at least one pro-Russian demonstrator was killed Sunday in the city of Krasnoarmeysk, northwest of the city of Donetsk, when members of the National Guard seized control of City Hall in an apparent attempt to prevent the referendum from taking place there.
No one knows yet what the separate declarations of independence by Donetsk and Lugansk will mean. A selection of images from Sunday shows an atmosphere that was light-hearted in some areas, but lethal in others.