House Speaker John Boehner said Tuesday that he's "baffled" by reports that Israel spied on negotiators in the closed-door talks over Iran's nuclear program – espionage that Israeli officials denied.
"I'm baffled by it," Boehner told reporters about the news report that comes at a time of strained relations between the U.S. and Israel. "I'm not aware of that at all."
The Wall Street Journal reported that Israel had shared the information it obtained with U.S. lawmakers and used it to build a case against an emerging nuclear agreement. The so-called P5+1 group – Britain, China, France, Russia the United States and Germany – is rushing to craft a framework for a deal to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons in exchange for relief from sanctions before a deadline expires at the end of the month.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been feuding with the White House over an emerging deal, and he has come under fire for comments he made in the final days of Israel's parliamentary election campaign last week.
Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said Israel didn't spy on the United States, but obtained information through other participants.
"We do not spy on the United States," Lieberman told Army Radio. "… All the information we obtained is from a different side and not through the United States."
Lieberman said Israel decided years ago not to spy on the United States, directly or indirectly. "I have never encountered anyone who breached this directive in the past two decades," he said.
Reacting to the report, Israeli Defence Minister Moshe Yaalon said "there is no way" that Israel spied on its closest and most important ally. Yaalon, a former military chief and head of military intelligence, noted that Israel has received no complaints from the United States, which he said would be expected in such a case.
Last month, Secretary of State John Kerry was asked at a congressional hearing whether the U.S. has kept Israel fully abreast of the negotiations. "Yes, we have," Kerry told lawmakers.
But Kerry also has complained that details about the negotiations that have leaked have not been helpful in the sensitive talks.
The United States has been leading world powers in negotiations aimed at curbing Iran's suspect nuclear program.
Israel, which believes Iran is trying to develop a nuclear bomb, believes the deal being negotiated would leave much of Iran's nuclear infrastructure in place and allow it to become a "threshold" state capable of building a bomb. Netanyahu has called it a "bad deal" and has lobbied against it – most notably in a speech to the U.S. Congress early this month that was delivered over White House objections.
Iran says its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes only – a claim that has been received with skepticism by much of the international community.
In its report, The Wall Street Journal said Israel had acquired information from confidential U.S. briefings and other means and used the information to build a case against the deal. It said the White House was especially upset that Israel had shared the information with U.S. lawmakers and others to undercut support for the negotiations.
Netanyahu's speech to Congress, in which he voiced harsh criticism of the nuclear deal, was organized with Republican Party leaders behind the back of the White House.
Netanyahu's office has called the spying report "utterly false," saying Israel "does not conduct espionage against the United States or Israel's other allies."
Israel has said it doesn't spy on the U.S. since Jonathan Pollard, a civilian analyst for the U.S. Navy, was convicted of spying for Israel in the 1980s. The case was one of the most damaging episodes in U.S.-Israeli relations and remains a sore spot in some American circles.
In last week's election, Netanyahu's Likud Party captured the most seats in parliament, setting the stage for him to serve a third consecutive term as prime minister.
The White House has criticized Netanyahu's last-minute campaign rhetoric, in which he voiced opposition to Palestinian statehood and warned his supporters that Arab voters were heading to the polls "in droves."
Netanyahu has since backtracked on his campaign statements, but the White House has reacted with skepticism.