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U.S. election

Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton look set for an ugly battle for the White House after a bruising primary season.

Less than eight weeks to go: Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton are battling to win the White House.

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They are tied among likely voters when third-party presidential candidates are factored in, according to a CBS News/New York Times poll released on Thursday. The deadlocked race sets up a dramatic run-up to voting day. Ilina Ghosh explores where the two leading candidates stand on the election's most contentious issues


As gun violence remains rampant in the United States, the issue of gun control and gun rights emerged often in this year's presidential campaign.

Hillary Clinton has called for "common-sense" regulation of guns, including stronger background checks and closing loopholes in the current gun-sale system.

Donald Trump's position has shifted through the years, from supporting a ban on assault weapons in his 2000 book to more recently advocating for more individuals carrying guns in regular-day activities as the solution to mass shootings.

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Ms. Clinton's counterterrorism strategy focuses on identifying and eliminating "ISIS's command and control and its economic lifeline," while being careful not to alienate the American-Muslim population.

Mr. Trump says a focus should be placed on the Muslim community and Islamic State-controlled oil reserves. He has advocated for a stronger military approach and stricter immigration policies, along with an ideological litmus test for entering the country.

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Dramatic shifts in public opinion have led to support for a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, with polls finding that a majority of Americans oppose mass deportation.

The findings align closely to Ms. Clinton's stance on the issue: to implement a "simple, straightforward, accessible way" for undocumented immigrants with deep ties or contributions to American communities to stay.

Mr. Trump has raised significant safety and terrorism concerns surrounding current U.S. immigration laws, calling for tighter border security and immigration controls.

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On the economy, Mr. Trump's proposals include imposing heavy tariffs on the import of goods produced overseas, reforming the North American free trade agreement and lowering the tax rates of all Americans, the highest and lowest earners. Ms. Clinton's priorities include job creation, wage increases for the lowest-income earners, and more controls on the financial industry.

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While both candidates hope to "take care of everybody," Ms. Clinton plans to retain the current Obama administration's health-care legislation and Mr. Trump plans to repeal it.

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Being the largest trading partner of the United States has to count for something, right? But Canada gets hardly a mention in the official platforms. On Mr. Trump's website, the platform states that Calgary-based TransCanada Corp. will be asked to renew its permit application for the Keystone XL pipeline. That permit was denied by the Obama administration. Ms. Clinton is against the cross-border project.

The official Clinton campaign blueprint does extend some kinds words to its northern neighbour: "No ally is closer to America, culturally and strategically, than our friends in Canada," Ms. Clinton and Tim Kaine write in Stronger Together.

But on trade, both candidates talk tough: Ms. Clinton would renegotiate the North American free trade agreement and oppose the 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership that includes the United States, Mexico and Canada. Meanwhile, Mr. Trump is on record stating that he would reform NAFTA or rip it up. On the TPP, he is also firmly opposed.

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The global push to curb climate change will look to the next president for leadership. Let's start with the science. Ms. Clinton believes that climate change is backed by scientific facts. Mr. Trump has called climate change a hoax created by the Chinese – a Twitter comment he later said was a joke.

In terms of actual policy, the Trump platform calls for cancelling the Obama-era 2013 Climate Action Plan that cuts carbon and greenhouse-gas emissions, protecting the coal industry and cancelling the Paris Climate Agreement that the United States ratified in September.

The Clinton platform calls for half of U.S. electricity coming from clean sources within 10 years, half a billion solar panels installed by 2020, and reducing oil consumption by a third. Her platform also aims to include Canada in a regional North American Climate Compact.

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Issues of police violence and mass incarceration have been discussed on the campaign trail.

But when it comes to specifics on what each candidate will do, Ms. Clinton offers a more detailed platform. In the case of Mr. Trump, there is no official position available – other than the candidate's comments during stump speeches.

Ms. Clinton is calling for an end to private prisons, reforming mandatory minimum sentencing that currently sends non-violent drug offenders to jail for lengthy periods, ending racial profiling and making body cameras available to police across the country.

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With a report from Affan Chowdhry