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For the 100th anniversary of the First World War, we looked back through The Globe's archives for our coverage in 1914. Here is a look at the headlines that documented the strengthening drumbeat of war from the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand through Britain - and therefore Canada's - declaration of war. Check back each day for a new headline from 100 years ago. Follow on Twitter using #ReliveWW1.

Read more from our look back at the First World War at

(The Globe. August 7, 1914, page 3)

Map of Germany.

Saturday, August 8, 1914

Germany guilty of amazing audacity
Peace only be restored by destruction of disturbers

British labor P.P. talks

Does not believe three cabinet ministers would have resigned had they known all the facts—country appears behind government.

“Germany’s amazing conduct and abominable impertinence has made intervention for peace by an outside power practically impossible,” declared Mr. Frank W. Goldstone, member of the British House of Commons for Sunderland, and one of the Labor party Whips.

Having been an insistent advocate of international peace and settlement of national difference by arbitration for a number of years, Mr. Goldstone informed a reporter of The Globe last night that if the reports from England are true, and Germany is rightly accreditted (sic) with offering Belgium and the French colonies to England as a bribe for neutrality, he must, this time, stand with the British Government in its determination to thrust aside, even destroy, the impediment to the realization of the peace ideal.

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(City of Toronto Archives)

Recruiting tent at Toronto City Hall, c. 1914.

Saturday, August 8, 1914

Canadians to be sent to front on arrival
Col. Hughes wants more for Garrison duty

Enlistment has begun

No action yet resolved upon to stop exportation of foodstuffs to United States—inflation of prices to be checked at once.

Ottawa, Aug. 7.—Announcement is made by the Militia Department today that the British War office has notified the Dominion Government that it is the intention to send the Canadian contingent to the firing line in Europe as soon as they arrive in England, which will be in about three or four weeks’ time.

In addition to recruiting the contingent for abroad, Col. Sam Hughes proposes to raise a force of volunteers to be used for garrison duty in Canada. According to present plans the main contingent will be mobilized at Quebec some time (sic) next week, where they will be well drilled for about two weeks before thy sail for England undr (sic) sealed orders. Enlistment began to-day and promises to be general and enthusiastic.

The Government has not yet decided to take any action on the suggestions made by prominent businessmen that the exportation of foodstuffs to the United States be stopped in order to conserve the food supply for Great Britain. Leading millers informed Premier Borden yesterday that there is no cause for concern about the food supply in Canada.

Download a pdf of the page here to read the full story.

(Carlton J.H. Hayes/A Brief History of the Great War)

Germany, January 1916.

Saturday, August 8, 1914

Liege holds out against enemy: Germans ask for an armistice
Presumably they want time to bury their dead

Terrific fighting around the city

Germans admit their casualties there number 25,000

London, Aug. 7, 9:30 p.m.—Official despatches state that Liege still holds out, and that the Germans have asked for 24-hours’ armistice to bury their dead.

Brussels, Aug. 8.—A shout of exultation went up this morning when it was announced by the Minister of War that the Germans before Liege had asked for an armistice of twenty-four hours in which to bury their dead and care for the wounded.

The German loss in the attack on Liege is estimated at 25,000 men. The fire of the Belgians mowed them down like corn.

Liege and the surrounding forts are still holding out, the Military Governor having refused to be intimidated by the bombardment. There can be no doubt that the morale of the attacking army corps, the 7th and 10th, is seriously shaken by the withering fire of the Belgians. The War Minister speaks in passionate admiration of the wonderful bravery of the Belgian troops in holding in check 120,000 Germans, who are …

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(City of Toronto Archives)

Recruiting billboard at the South African Monument on University Avenue in Toronto, 1914.

Friday, August 7, 1914

Actual mobilization is not being rushed
Enrollment is to proceed, then selection

The volunteer system

So long as Britain controls seas land invasion of Canada not feared, but reverse might mean raids on our coasts—plenty of equipment.

Ottawa, Aug. 6.—It will probably be a week or even ten days yet before the actual mobilization of Canada’s army division at Quebec begins, and it may be three weeks before the force is finally assembled on the training ground at Valcartier. The delay is due to the fact that the Government is anxious to adhere to the volunteer system, and to get the very best men available. It is also realized that for the present at least there is no very urgent need for an expeditionary force from Canada, and that so long as Britain controls the seas no land invasion of Canada need be feared.

Naval reverse might mean raids.
Should word come of a British naval reverse present plans may be changed. If the enemy were in a position to risk the detaching of a few of their war vessels with transports, there would be a very real danger of a prompt expeditionary force against Canada, probably not with any idea of a real invasion of Canada, but with a view to a sporadic raid on both coasts, which in the present comparatively defenceless state of the country would be decidedly serious. At present, however, there is little fear of any such contingency, and the mobilization plans are being carried out more with the idea of thoroughness than of haste.

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(Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada)

Sir Robert Borden addressing the Troops, Bramashott, England, April, 1917.

Friday, August 7, 1914

Imperial government accepts our offer
Canadians may be called to serve abroad

News further restricted

Orders in council forbid export of arms, equipment, etc., and provide for calling out units on guard – control of commodity prices.

Ottawa, Aug. 6.—A communication handed out by the Prime Minister at the conclusion of to-night’s Council meeting states that a message has been received from the Imperial government stating that Canada’s offer of an expeditionary force for service abroad, if required, had been accepted. It was further announced that this force will be organized at once by voluntary enlistment.

The important new feature of this announcement is that the Imperial Government has now intimated that the Canadian army division will be expected to leave Canada for service abroad, either in the United Kingdom or Belgium, as soon as the word comes that they are required.

Download page 1 and page 7 of the paper to read the full story.

(The Globe August 6, 1914, page 1)

German mine-layer Koenigin Luise destroyed.

Friday, August 7, 1914

British cruiser sunk by a German mine
The Amphion goes down with a loss of 130 men

Had taken part on the previous day in the attack on the German mine-laying vessel Koenigin Luise—how the lance destroyed the German boat.

LONDON, Aug. 6. 10:50 p.m.—An Admiralty report says that the British cruiser Amphion was sunk this morning by striking a mine. Paymaster J.T. Gedge and 130 men were lost. The Captain, sixteen officers and 135 men were saved.

A previous report says that the German mine-layer Koenigin Luise had probably placed some mines before she was sunk by the British ocean-going destroyer Lance.

A Light Cruiser.
The Amphion was a light cruiser of 3,440 tons. She was attached to the third destroyer flotilla, under Captain Cecil H. Fox. commanding officer. Her regular complement was 292 men. She was commissioned in April, 1913. In The Globe of yesterday a report was published that the Amphion had returned to Harwich with the third destroyer flotilla after a brush with the enemy, and that she had been damaged. The view at the Admiralty is that the Amphion struck one of the mines laid by the Koenigin Luise before the latter vessel was sunk by the Lance.

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(William James Topley/Library and Archives Canada

Colonel Sam Hughes, 1905.

Thursday, August 6, 1914

Appeal to the Press to exercise restraint
Col. Hughes urges reticence as to war plans, etc.

The Enemy is watching

Minister of Militia and Defence instances of influence of French, Japanese and British papers in former wars—no unauthorized statements

Ottawa, Aug. 5—The Minister of Militia, Col. Hughes, has addressed the following letter to newspaper editors in Canada, urging patriotic carefulness in refraining from publishing news which might divulge defence plans that might be of use to the enemy:
“In the grave circumstances with which the Dominion, as a part of the British Empire, is faced to-day, I venture to appeal to all patriotic Canadian newspapers, their proprietors and their staffs alike, to exercise a wise reticence upon matters affecting military operations.”

Download a pdf of the page to read the full story here.

(Canada. Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada)

One of the"L" class of submarines used during World War I. No type could touch her in a race under water.

Thursday, August 6, 1914

Two Submarines bought by Canada
They are now at Esquimalt with the rainbow

Will be manned by naval reservists, with a few special British officers—Niobe Will be in commission in a few days.

Ottawa, Aug. 5—A Canadian navy is being got together under the Laurier naval service act of 1910 as quickly as possible under the present circumstances.

It was announced by the Government to-day that two submarines which have just been built at Seattle for the Government of Chili (sic) have been purchased. The purchase was made quietly a few days ago, before the actual declaration of war, and the boats are already Esquimalt. Steps are being taken to man them with naval reservists now in Canada. A few special officers are being obtained from the British Admiralty. With the Rainbow, which is now in commission, these two submarines will form a very valuable defence asset against any possible sporadic raids from German vessels which may be detached from the German squadron now in the Pacific.

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(The Globe, August 25, 1914, page 2)

Battleground in Belgium.

Thursday, August 6, 1914

Germany’s invasion of Belgium repulsed by heroic defenders
Magnificent stand against the legions of the Kaiser

Not a single German who passed the forts of Liege survived—losses of Belgians are slight compared with those of enemy—blowing up of bridges by the home forces checked German advance

BRUSSELS via Paris, Aug. 6 1:30 a.m.—Several thousand dead and wounded is the toll paid by the German army of the Meuse for its attack on Liege. The Belgians made a heroic defence, repulsing the Germans after heavy and continuous fighting.

The fortified position of Liege had to support on Wednesday the general shock of the German attack. The Belgian forts resisted the advance fiercely and did not suffer.

One Belgian squadron drove back six German squadrons.

Eight hundred wounded Germans are being transferred to the city of Liege, where they will be cared for.

Download page 1 and page 2 to read the full story.

(City of Toronto Archives)

20th Battalion marching down University Avenue in Toronto, March 20, 1914.

Wednesday, August 5, 1914

Scenes of patriotism in several cities
Enthusiastic crowds sing national songs

Lively scenes witnessed at Ottawa, Quebec, Montreal and London – French-Canadians realize the situation.

Ottawa, Aug. 4.—Not since the memorable South African war have such scenes of patriotism been witnessed in the capital as to-night, when the news of the declaration of war was received. Thousands stood in the streets before the newspaper bulletin boards and sang the National Anthem, “The Maple Leaf Forever” and “O Canada.” Extras of the newspapers were issued informing the public of the conditions abroad.

The Governor-General’s Foot Guards marched through the streets to-night, and almost the entire population of the capital lined the streets cheering the citizen soldiery. Lieut. Col. J.W. Woods of the Guards has volunteered his regiment for active service. Col. the Hon. Sam Hughes addressed the men at the drill hall after the march-out, assuring them of his confidence in the corps.

The Races Are united.
Quebec, Aug. 4.—The announcement that Britain and Germany were at war was received with the greatest enthusiasm in this city, where British, French and Irish paraded together in a display of loyalty and patriotism such as has never before been witnessed in the ancient city of Champlain.

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(City of Toronto Archives)

Toronto streetcar loaded with recruits, 1914.

Wednesday, August 5, 1914

Troops are ordered to Welland Canal
Canada’s first military order since war was declared—word for general mobilization expected hourly

Canada’s first military order in connection with the European crisis was issued last night, whom Major-General F.L. Lessard received instructions to send sufficient troops infantry and cavalry, to guard the Welland canal and locks.

The general sent a message to Col. Cohoe, in command of troops in the vicinity, asking for a report as to the number of troops necessary. Immediately on receipt of a reply troops will be despatched (sic).

An order for a general mobilization is stated to be expected hourly.

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(Canada. Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada)

Evening in the Firth of Forth. A moonlight scene showing a small part of the British Fleet at anchor,1914-1919.

Wednesday, August 5, 1914

The bulwark of Britain’s empire goes forth again to battle
King George says the Navy will revive its glories in action

A dramatic scene as the King and the Statesmen of Britain waited the striking of the clock, which meant war—stirring message to the fleet was the first sign that hostilities had begun—H.G. Wells tells how Britain faces the crisis.

The Fleet Goes Out to Battle.
LONDON, Aug. 4.—Out into the night, over the North Sea to the waiting and ready fleet, the wireless pulsed King George’s inspiring message. It was the first and final work sent to the scions of the men who fought with Nelson since they cleared from Portland harbor and sailed to the secret rendezvous in the vital sea. It followed immediately after the laconic order to the Admiral commanding: “Capture or destroy the enemy.”

For several hours the King had sat in solemn conference with the Privy Council at Westminster. A decree had been prepared declaring that a state of war existed with Germany, ready for his Majesty’s signature should the answer to Britain’s ultimatum prove unsatisfactory.

Britain Declared War—Not Germany.
The early announcement that Germany had declared war on Great Britain was due to an error in the Admiralty’s statement. A Berlin despatch (sic) states that shortly after 7 o’clock this evening Sir William Edward Goschen, the British Ambassador went to Foreign Office and announced that Great Britain had declared war with Germany. He then demanded his passports.

Download page 1 and page 2 to read the full story.

(Henry Joseph Woodside/Library and Archives Canada)

Valcartier Camp, First Division, Quebec. August 1914.

Tuesday, August 4, 1914

Mobilization plans of Canada completed
Officials only await word from the government

Training at Valcartier

Ottawa, Aug. 3.—Mobilization plans of the Militia Department are practically completed, and all that the Minister of Militia and his staff are now waiting for is the instruction from the Government on receipt of a special call for help from the motherland. Quebec has been selected as the centre of mobilization, and already the permanent forces of the Royal Canadian Regiment and the Field Artillery are gathered there with the exception of the regulars stationed at Halifax and its vicinity.

The department has prepared to mobilize an army division at Quebec within one week of the issuance of the final order. A manoeuvring area was recently acquired by the Government at Valcartier, a few miles northeast of Quebec, and the troops will be encamped there for a week or so for training purposes, pending arrangements for transport. These latter arrangements are now being made with the British War Office and the Admiralty, and it is expected that the details will be completed within a day or two.

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(The Globe, August 25, 1914, page 2)

Battleground in Belgium.

Tuesday, August 4, 1914

Belgium an enemy if she resists
“Friendly Neutrality” is the demand of Germany

Sir Edward Grey reads to British commons the text of the German ultimatum to smaller nation—cheers for Belgium’s Answer.

London, Aug. 3—The text of the Belgian King’s telegram to King George was as follows:
“Remembering the numerous proofs of your Majesty’s friendship and that of your predecessor, of the friendly attitude of England in 1870 and the proof of the friendship which she has just given us again, I make a supreme appeal to the diplomatic intervention of your Majesty’s Government to safeguard the integrity of Belgium.”

The German Ultimatum.
London, Aug.3—The entire communication made by Sir Edward Grey, Secretary for Foreign Affairs to the House of Commons on his second appearance there to-day, was as follows:

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(The Globe, August 7, 1914, front page)

Armament—Eight 13.5 guns. Sixteen 4-in. guns, five machine guns, speed, 28 knots. Great Britain has four of these vessels.

Tuesday, August 4, 1914

Britain’s navy will protect the coast line of France
Sir Edward Grey says such an assurance has been given

Frank statement in the commons regarding Britain’s obligations is cheered by all parties—Redmond pledges a united Ireland in defence of the empire – the understanding with France is explained

London, Aug. 3.—Sir Edward Grey in the House of Commons this afternoon announced that orders for the mobilization of the British army as well as of the navy have been issued.

Sir Edward declared, amidst frenzied cheering:
“England must now consider this crisis from the viewpoint of honor and obligation as well as from her interest.

“The King of Belgium has telegraphed a supreme appeal to England to safeguard his country’s integrity. The big question for England now, the question that overshadows all else, is the question of Belgium, her neutrality, and the respecting of her integrity.”

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(City of Toronto Archives)

Soldiers leave for war watched by their families at Union Station in Toronto, 1914.

Monday, August 3, 1914

Canadian troops leave for Halifax
Toronto and London contingents go on Special trains

Big crowd at station

Major-General Lessard in interview says no mobilization in progress yet—departure of companies for Halifax to strengthen garrison.

A practical response to Great Britain’s expected appeal for support in case of a forced recourse to arms was made by the Canadian permanent forces yesterday, when Toronto and London detachments made hurried exits from their respective depots and speeded for Halifax, where they will remain until “further orders.”

War preparations have been made. The excitement at Stanley Barracks yesterday was akin to the feeling of those who prepared for service in South Africa. While the war spirit did not prevail the utmost enthusiasm characterized the actions of the men, who moved with alacrity under hasty commands, and as usual disorderly order prevailed. Sunday leave was cancelled. Accoutrements and munitions of war were made ready for shipment. The men donned their complete service outfits, were apportioned rations, and left for the Union Station at 7:30 p.m. The contingent consisted of 69 non-commissioned officers and men of “H” Company of the Royal Canadian Regiment, under the command of Captain E.K. Eaton.

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(City of Toronto Archives)

Drilling at the University of Toronto, c. 1914.

Monday, August 3, 1914

Canada has offered aid to Great Britain
Official assurance gratefully acknowledged by Colonial Secretary—Cabinet in almost continuous session—thousands of militia have already volunteered

Ottawa, Aug. 2.—The Cabinet was again in session to-night discussing plans for the various eventualities which have to be dealt with in case war is declared. It was stated that no further word had been received from the Imperial Government, and no official announcement as to Canadian action is expected until after to-morrow’s Cabinet Council meeting. Admiral Kingsmill and Deputy Minister Desbarats of the Naval Department, Col. G.W. Atkin, Chief of Staff of the Militia Department, were called in consultation with the Cabinet.

Download page 1 and page 3 to read the full story.

(The Globe, August 13, 1914, front page)

This sketch, taken in conjunction with the despatches and the war summary published in The Globe to-day, will give the reader a good idea of the line along which the German army corps are threatening to advance on Paris.

Monday, August 3, 1914

Germany’s Legions are marching on French soil
Report that Germans were repulsed with great loss near Nancy

Violation of the Treaty of London, 1876, by Germany

London, Aug. 2.—A German force traversing Luxemburg is marching on the French fortress at Longwy, according to an official despatch (sic) received here shortly after 4 o’clock this afternoon.

Longwy is a fortified town of France, on the Belgium frontier, 40 miles north-northwest of Metz, in Germany.

Germany last night declared war on Russia.

One German force crossed the French frontier near the village of Cirey, between Nancy and Strassburg, and another German detachment, probably the 29th Infantry, last night invaded the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, neutral territory between France and Germany, and continued its march on the French fortified town of Longwy. A despatch (sic) from Brussels said there was good reason to believe that this force later in the day entered France.

Download page 1 and page 2 of the paper to read the full story.

(The Globe August 7, 1914, page 3)

The map gives an idea of where war is looming.

Saturday, August 1, 1914

Still some hope of averting big war
Situation is desperate—Europe greatly upset. Russia and Austria talk

Britain calm and sobered under the national peril – precautionary measures of army and navy almost competed—others mobilizing.

London, July 31.—In the desperate situation there are only two factors to-night giving the faintest hope of averting a general European war—first. Russia and Austria are engaged again in direct negotiations; second, both Great Britain and France are using their utmost endeavors in favor of peace.

On the other hand, Russia has ordered a general mobilization, and Germany had declared a state of siege, which is undoubtedly a prelude to if it does not cover mobilization.

France has not yet mobilized, but at Cabinet Councils which sat until late at night she issued decrees establishing a moratorium and taking other action which could only be determined upon on the eve of war. Unofficially the French army is being virtually mobilized.

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(The Globe, August 13, 1914, front page)

This sketch, taken in conjunction with the despatches and the war summary published in The Globe to-day, will give the reader a good idea of the line along which the German army corps are threatening to advance on Paris.

Saturday, August 1, 1914

Steps in Germany’s preparations for war
Series of delayed telegrams received in Paris

Barb wire entanglements for enemies of the fatherland—situation considered desperate, but premier says France is calm and resolute.

Paris, July 31.—The most significant indication of the attitude of France in the war crisis is revealed in to-night’s Temps, the nearest to an official organ, which publishes eight telegrams from Berlin, dated from Saturday until to-day, which had been withheld, undoubtedly by official orders. They give information step by step of German preparations for “the state of war,” as proclaimed by the Emperor, and as announced in the “last” despatch (sic) from Berlin to-night, which also adds the Crown Prince’s designation, but says: “we are now able to give this as authentic.” Emphasis is placed on the word “last” in the above despatch (sic).

Garrisons Strengthened.
The first, dated July 25, says that the garrisons of Strasburg and Sarresbourg were brought up to full strength. The next, dated on the same evening, says that military works on the French frontier were occupied by war contingents, also that barb-wire entanglements were put in position, batteries advanced, and the stores completed.

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(Dupras & Colas/Library and Archives Canada)

Sir Robert Borden. ca 1911 - 1920.

Saturday, August 1, 1914

Grave and serious, says Premier Borden
Hurrying from Muskoka to the capital

Awaiting despatches (sic) at Ottawa from the Colonial Office—Though reticent, a few points of procedure are apparent.

“I consider the situation so grave and serious that I deem it my duty to hasten back to the capital immediately,” was the brief and significant statement of the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Borden, to The Globe last night.

The Premier reached Toronto early in the evening, and proceeded to Ottawa on the night train. He came at once from the Muskoka Lakes, where he was holidaying at the popular summer resort, on receipt of messages from Ottawa transmitting, it is understood, the substance of cables from the Colonial Office. He stated he had planned to remain in Muskoka for at least another two weeks.

Awaits news at Ottawa.
Sir Robert was exceedingly reticent regarding the immediate proposals of the Canadian Government and concerning its communications with the Imperial Government. So far as any official statement was concerned the Premier intimated that he was not yet in a position to even indicate what steps might be taken. Any decision reached would be based upon information awaiting him at Ottawa.

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(The Globe, July 30, 1914, front page)

A map showing Semlin and Belgrade.

Friday, July 31, 1914

Correspondents have had to leave Semlin
Strict censorship shown by delay and deletion of despatches (sic).

London, July 30.—A despatch (sic) received from Martin Donohue, New York Times correspondent at Semlin, who sent the first and only telegram outside of the official reports of the bombardment of Belgrade, says that he has been ordered out of Semlin by the Austrian military authorities together with the other correspondents there. Donohue does not reveal his destination.

The strictness of the military censorship is shown by the delays of and deletions in all despatches (sic) reaching London from Austria. The Daily Mail this morning has a Semlin despatch delayed in transmission, dated Wednesday morning, stating apropos the bombardment of Belgrade, that he saw intermittent firing between the brigades. The Servian (sic) fire was ineffective, but three well-aimed shots from the guns of the monitors tore larges holes in the façade of the headquarters of the Servian (sic) General’s staff.

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(Toronto Public Library)

Canadian Armed Forces recruitment poster:"This is your flag ... it stands for liberty", 1914-1918.

Friday, July 31, 1914

Canada would aid ‘the old grey mother’
Preliminary plans to mobilize 25,000 troops if necessary

There is no haste, but the government believes the mobilization could be made in two or three weeks—Col. Hughes would probably command dominion’s contingents

OTTAWA, July 30.—Canada is getting ready to back up Great Britain to the full extent of the Dominion’s defence resources in case the Empire is drawn into the European struggle. An emergency meeting of the Militia Council was held to-day, with Col. the Hon. Sam Hughes presiding. The Minister of Militia, who had been hurriedly summoned yesterday from his home in Lindsay in consequence of communications from the British War Office, took prompt charge of preliminary preparations for calling out with all expedition a first contingent of 20,000 or 25,000 men from Canada or any lesser number to join the Imperial army as soon as the call for help comes.

Col. Fiset, Deputy Minister; Gen. Macdonald, Master of Ordnances; Col. G. Watkin, Chief of Staff; Col. Williams, Adjutant-General; Col. Morrison, Director of Artillery, and Col. Smith, Judge Advocate General, were present at to-day’s meeting.

The British War Office has been advised that it can rely on quick action by the Canadian militia forces. It is understood that similar assurances have also been given by Australia.

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(The Globe, July 30, 1914, page 4).

Austrian artillerymen.

Friday, July 31, 1914

Belgrade occupied by the Austrians
Report to London newspaper gives details of capture

Stories from Belgrade and Vienna spoke of the bombardment as being still in progress yesterday—Servians (sic) claimed to have repulsed the attacks of the Austrians.

LONDON, July 31.—A Semlin despatch (sic) to The Standard says:—“The Austrians crossed the Danube 30 miles to the east of Belgrade and the Save ten miles to the south. Belgrade has been captured and is now occupied by Austrian troops, and the force which invaded Servia (sic) at Semendria is advancing along the road which leads to Osipanica and ultimately Nish.

“The occupation of Belgrade was carried out without serious difficulty. The invading troops crossed the river partly by means of the remnants of the railway bridge, which was blown up by the Servians (sic), and partly by a pontoon bridge constructed under its cover, and approached the Servian (sic) capital from the south. The attacking forces advanced by a steep hill, driving the Servians (sic) before them. The Servians (sic) retreated partly along the road leading to Groca and partly towards Popovics. The losses on both sides appeared to have been comparatively light.

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(Carlton J.H. Hayes/A Brief History of the Great War)
Central Europe, January 1916

Thursday, July 30, 1914

How the hitch came in the negotiations
Servia’s (sic) inability to pay a big indemnity

Letter from the Emperor to the Czar—Germany and Italy both affirm there will be no occupations of Servian (sic) territory.

St. Petersburg, July 29.—A big hitch has occurred in the Russian-Austrian peace negotiations. This is over the question of the Austrian occupation of Servian (sic) territory. The first proposal that Russia made in the course of the conversations now proceeding was that Austria defer actual hostilities for the purpose of giving Servia (sic) another chance of making honorable amends.

Russia thus acknowledged Servia (sic) to be culpable, and that reparation was due to Austria.

Austria rejects proposal.
Austria, however, rejected the proposal and declared that military operations must be continued until adequate chastisement was administered. The refusal was softened by the addition of the statement that Austria would gladly accept the good offices of other powers in settling any differences that might arise after the conclusion of military operations against Servia (sic).

To read the full story, download a pdf of the page here.

(The Globe Saturday Magazine, September 30, 1911, front page)

Prime Minister of Canada, The Hon. Robert Borden. (The Globe Saturday Magazine, September 30, 1911, front page)

Thursday, July 30, 1914

Code despatches (sic) to Canadian government
Cabinet Ministers may be summoned hurriedly back to the capital this week—will have to take prompt action if Great Britain is drawn into conflict.

Ottawa, July 29.—Code despatches (sic) from the British Government were received late to-night bearing on the war situation in Europe, and it is possible that Sir Robert Borden and the other members of the Cabinet may be hurriedly summoned back to the capital this week.

Although, of course, no information is available as to the contents of the confidential communications received from the British War Office, it is known that the Imperial Government believes that there is at last a real emergency. At present juncture, however, both the Prime Minister and the Minister of Militia, as nearly all the other Cabinet Minister of Militia, as nearly all the other Cabinet Ministers, are away holidaying.

Download a pdf of the page here to read the full story.

(The Globe, July 31, 1914, front page)

The Principal Square in Belgrade. The Monument is that of the famous national hero, Michel.

Thursday, July 30, 1914

The Capture of Belgrade

London, July 30. – A Vienna despatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company says:-- “After a heavy bombardment by the Danube gunboats, Belgrade was occupied by the Austrian troops Wednesday.”

Athens, July 29.—The Servian (sic) Legation has received the following telegram from Nish, dated July 29:
“During the night Belgrade was bombarded. Shells fell in various quarters of the town, causing great damage. Several fell on the Franco-Servian (sic) and Andrevitch banks. M. Andrevitch of the banking firm was wounded. Both banks have lodged a protest at the German Legation.

“An artillery duel is proceeding at Vichnitza, about three and a half miles down the river from Belgrade.”

Download a pdf of the page to read the full story here.

(The Globe, August 6, 1914, page 7)

Scene at the armories in Toronto, when scores of men flocked to headquarters to enlist for active service.

Wednesday, July 29, 1914

Hear war drum’s call; eager to join fight
Servians (sic) in Toronto dismayed at inability to get home. Austrians confident – Official summing of situation.

In Europe the dogs of war have been unleashed, and Toronto’s foreign element is straining for freedom to join the fray.

As yet no official call for help has come to the city. Austrians are waiting, calm and unmoved, but ready at a moment’s notice to embark. Servians (sic), vastly in the minority, are quivering with excitement, and chafing under the conditions which compel them to remain quiescent here while their country is in such grave danger.

Servians the most anxious.
Servians are the most anxious of all to rush the aid of their fatherland. Their little colony on King street east has become almost a storm centre. Hostile Bulgarians and Macedonians are watching it, and lost no opportunity of injecting a sting where they can.

To read the full story, download a pdf of the page here.

(The Globe, August 1, 1914, front page)

The Iron Duke, fleet flagship of Admiral Sir George Callaghan (inset), Commander-in-Chief of the home fleet.

Wednesday, July 29, 1914

Britain’s position must be safeguarded
Security of France is a dominant factor

Consolation that British fleets are still mobilized—The opinion of Lieut.-Col. Alsager Pollock – unionist journals non-committal.

London, July 28.—In view of the declaration of war it is interesting to know the opinion of some of the leading English newspapers upon the question.

The Pail Mail Gazette says:
“The security of France is the first and chiefest (sic) British interest on the continent. If France mobilizes we must mobilize. We must do it, not from lust of war, but as guarantee of our firm determination at all costs, if possible, to maintain peace. Our watchword must be ‘mediate, but prepare.’"

British fleets mobilized.
The London Daily Express says: “It is a grim consolation to know that Austria has selected a moment that finds British fleets still mobilized.”

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(The Globe, July 28, 1914, page 4)

The Czar of Russia, whose army mobilization evidences a restlessness that alarms Europe.

Wednesday, July 29, 1914

Russia preparing for a general war
Mobilization under from Germany to the Black Sea

National menace to Britain hushes all family quarrels

Fall of Belgrade expected at any time—Austria apparently determined to force an outbreak – British Navy getting ready for any emergency.

St. Petersburg, July 28.—With the actual opening of the war, localization of the conflict becomes impossible. Even if Austria-Hungary goes no further than the occupation of Belgrade by troops thrown across the Sava at Semlin, Russia will declare for a general mobilization. Already rapid mobilization is proceeding in the west and southwest virtually from the German frontier to the Black Sea.

The gravity of the situation is reflected in diplomatic movements in this capital. The Emperor to-day gave audience to both the Foreign Minister and the War Minister.

Strong opinion prevails here that in the event of the outbreak of a general European war Britain would actively support Russia and France, her co-partners in the Triple Entente.

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(The Globe, July 27, 1914, page 2)

A Servian infantryman.

Tuesday, July 28, 1914

Interesting interview with Servian (sic) Doctor
Made troops swear they would drink only boiled water

New York, July 27.—Servia (sic) is in no condition to make a show of resistance to Austria, in the opinion of Dr. Benjamin Jablons, who has just been decorated by King Peter in recognition of his services as a surgeon and a bacteriologist in the recent Balkan war.

“The Servians (sic) are an intensely religious people,” said Dr. Jablons, at his office, 216 East Fifteenth street, to-day, “and in the cases where there was indifference to following the sanitary regulations in the recent wars I had to make soldiers put up their hands and swear that they would not drink water unless it was boiled.

“As for the trouble with Austria, I am not surprised that it has come, I thought it would come earlier.

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(The Globe, August 4, 1914, page 2)

A map of Austria-Hungary and Servia. (The Globe, August 4, 1914, page 2)

Tuesday, July 28, 1914

Conflict has birth in centuries of hate
Austria has long tried to reach the Aegean

Isolated inland condition of Servia (sic)—her checkered career as a nation—Slav sympathy—King Peter and tragedy.

While the immediate cause of Austria-Hungary’s attack on Servia is the demand for reparation for the murder of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, the Duchess of Hohenberg, the ultimate causes are the movement of the Hapsburg Empire toward the south and the desperate efforts of the entire Serb race to regain complete national existence.

Ever since the repulse of the Turkish army from Vienna in 1683 the Austrians have steadily fought their way southward, expecting ultimately to make their way to the Aegean over the ruins of the Turkish Empire, says the New York Times. Austria, like Russia, was not unwilling to see small buffer States set up to occupy the middle ground during the intervals of rest in her forward movement, and so most of the Balkan States of to-day came into being.

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(Library of Congress)

Sir Edward Grey, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1914.

Tuesday, July 28, 1914

Great powers striving to avert outbreak
Diplomacy of Europe trying at least to localize

Sir Edward Grey Leading in Negotiations With France, Germany and Italy – Other Negotiations Proceeding in St. Petersburg – An Engagement on Danube Reported.

London, July 27.—An engagement between Austrians and Servians (sic) is reported to have occurred on the Danube, but no details available, and it is not considered to have been of importance. As far as the censorship permits, it is known that Austria has not yet opened her military operations.

Meanwhile diplomacy is proceeding with energy along two separate lines to avert, if possible, and if impossible, to localize the war. First, Sir Edward Grey, the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, has proposed to the powers a scheme for joint mediation, which it is stated, France and Italy have already accepted. Germany has not yet replied, and her acceptance is regarded as doubtful.

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(Dorling Kindersley/Getty Images)

Digital illustration of map of Europe during World War I

Monday, July 27, 1914

The war peril in Europe (Editorial)

It seems incredible that the six great powers of Europe should be brought within measurable distances of a world-shaking war because a scatter-brained Slav fanatic in a remote corner of the Balkans took into his head to emphasize the hatred of the Serb for the Austrian by killing the heir to the Austrian throne. And yet so complicated has the system of European alliances and ententes become that Britain, France, and Russia on the one hand, and Germany, Austria, and Italy on the other, may be engaged in a life-and-death struggle because of the untoward event that resulted in the death of Frans Ferdinand.

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(Carlton J.H. Hayes/A Brief History of the Great War)

A map of Europe, 1914

Monday, July 27, 1914

European rulers striving for peace
A significant meeting held at Stockholm

Great Britain’s Part Should Be That of Mediator – Germany Refuses to Accept Secretary Bryan’s Proposals for Arbitration.

London, July 27. – The Morning Post’s St. Petersburg correspondent says he hears that Emperor William paid a secret visit to Stockholm, where he had an interview with President Poincare of France, in connection with the Austro-Servian (sic) crisis. The correspondent adds that it is known Emperor William desires peace, and that weighty results from the interview are expected. The general belief in St. Petersburg, the correspondent says, is that the influence of the powers will bring about a peaceful solution of the crisis.

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(Carlton J.H. Hayes/A Brief History of the Great War)

Map of Austria-Hungary and neighboring countries.

Monday, July 27, 1914

War almost certain in Eastern Europe
Austria and Servia (sic) have broken off relations

Servian (sic), Austrian and Russian armies mobilizing – negotiations have failed – excitement in the capitals.

Vienna, July 26. – Diplomatic relations between Austria-Hungary and Servia (sic) were formally broken off last night. War is regarded by the public as almost a certainty.

Martial law has been declared throughout the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

The Servian (sic) Minister and his staff left Vienna last night.

A military censorship has been established in the telegraph offices here.

The Servian (sic) Government waited until the last moment left it by the terms of the note, and only ten minutes before the hour of 6, when the Austro-Hungarian ultimatum expired, did the Servian (sic) Premier appear at the Legation and present his Government’s reply to the Austrian Minister, Baron Giesl Von Gieslingen.

No details of the tenor of the reply have been revealed here, but the terse statement was made that it was unsatisfactory.

To read the full story, download a pdf of page 1 and page 2.

(Carlton J.H. Hayes/A Brief History of the Great War)
Central Europe, January 1916

Saturday, July 25, 1914

Europe again quakes over powder-barrel
Quarrel of Austria and Servia (sic) threatens war of far-reaching effect – Russia intervenes for Servia – few hours will tell.

London, July 25 – Information has reached The Globe’s correspondent from an authoritative source to the effect that there are pending developments in the Austro-Servian crisis which are likely to lead, even if not to a great European war, at least to protracted periods of international unrest such as accompanied the outbreak of war in the Balkans.

War, indeed, can be averted only by a complete backdown (sic) on the part of one or the other of the two great triplices into which European powers are divided. So far as the public generally knows this morning, only Germany and Russia have as yet been drawn into the Austro-Servian quarrel. The Globe’s information is to the effect that Britain has unmistakably taken a line of policy which will show an entente with France. Russia will be the essential factor in the balance between peace and war.

It was announced yesterday in Berlin by semi-official communications, newspapers and news agencies, that Germany would take no part in the Austro-Servian (sic) quarrel unless some other power interfered to prevent Austria from obtaining satisfaction for the murder of Francis Ferdinand and his wife. If any other power interfered, it was added, Germany would do her duty by her Austrian ally. This was a warning to Russia, delivered in the way frequently favored by the German Foreign Office. Without hesitation Russia took up the challenge. From St. Petersburg came the notice that Russia had decided to intervene in the Austro-Servian crisis to the extent that the Czar’s Government would ask Austria to prolong the period allowed for Servia’s (sic) reply to the Austrian ultimatum, in order to give time for European diplomacy to exercise action.

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(German Federal Archives)

Count Berchtold (Leopold Graf Berchtold), Statesman. 1922.

Friday, July 24, 1914

Stop Machinations, is Austria’s demand
Stern note served upon government of Servia (sic)

Dual empire declares that subversive movements against her have been accorded connivance by the authorities in Belgrade

Belgrade, July 23. – The Servian (sic) Government received to-night a note from the Austro-Hungarian Government bearing on the relations between the two countries and dealing directly with the assassination at Sarajevo, on June 28 of archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian Throne.

The note reviews the relations with Servia (sic) since 1909 and complains that, although the Servian (sic) Government promised loyalty to the Austro-Hungarian Government, it has failed to suppress subversive movements, and that this tolerance has incited the Servian (sic) people to hatred of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and contempt for its institutions. This, says the note, culminated in the Sarajevo assassinations, which are proved by depositions and confessions of the perpetrators to have been hatched at Belgrade, the arms and explosives having been supplied by the connivance of Servian (sic) officers and functionaries.

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(The Globe, July 23, 1914, page 1)

A cool suggestion. How to carry on “conversations" during hot weather and at the same time to keep cool. –Westminster Gazette.

Thursday, July 23, 1914

Leaders lock horns over Ulster areas
Conference on home rule will probably terminate to-day. Redmond refuses more concessions. Sir Edward Carson stands firm for total exclusion.

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London newspapers take gloomy view
Daily news says to-day’s conference will be last. Unionist leaders refuse to make any concessions – The Daily Telegraph says many prolonged interviews were held daring yesterday.

Obstinate Hindus make fresh demand
Ask for better food, and sailing of Komagata Maru may be delayed – militia called out again at Vancouver.

Canada has thirteen for second stage
Results of first stage in King’s prize shooting. Four of them got 99. Canada last year had Hawkins and Steele with 100 each at this stage, and had twelve men for the second stage.
Premier Borden going to Muskoka for rest
Will return to capital in August to confer with colleagues.

Essex farmers have good local market
Industrial transformation affects locality. Corn is a good crop. Tobacco has had a setback from monopolistic buyers – Fruit outlook fairly good – farmers have plenty of money in that county.

(The Globe, July 22, 1914, page 1)

Mr. Samuel Price of St. Thomas who was yesterday appointed Chairman of the Workmen’s Compensation Act Commission for Ontario, at a salary of $10,000. Mr. Price is a law partner of Hon. T. W. Crothers, Minister of Labor in the Borden Cabinet.

Wednesday, July 22, 1914

Hindus yield to pressure; will return on steamer
Exciting day of negotiation with officials at Vancouver

Cruiser rainbow ready for action

New demands made, but finally proposals of government accepted.

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Vancouver on tip-toe for outbreak of war

The Gamey scandal

Irish conferees meet; may reach agreement
King George tells them of the seriousness of the situation

Premier may grant Ulster’s exclusion

Agreement on such a basis would be rejected by commons.

Cry of civil war on responsible lips
King George’s anxious words to the conferees

In conclusion he prays that their deliberations may “result in the joy of peace and an honorable settlement.”

Contractor paid 1,500 to secure contract
Startling testimony in Valley Railway Probe – McLeod, then Minister said John Scott told him he could get contracts only through him.

(The Globe, July 21, 1914, page 1)

Mme. Caillaux

Tuesday, July 21, 1914

Army and navy prepare to quell Hindus to-day
The Cruiser Rainbow to be assisted by two hundred troops. Serious situation in Vancouver in the effort to deport the rebellious fellow-subjects – the negotiations for a settlement fail – Premier Borden and ministers stay at capital.

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Calmette’s murderer electrifies court
Madame Caillaux relates her wonderful story. F. Labori defends her. Wife of the former French Premier was willing and self-controlled witness – “For three months,” she said. “I mounted calvary.”

Both parties anxious to avert civil war
Men in Dublin want peace but fear breach has grown too wide.

The Gamey scandal grows

Tories out-manoeuvered by Premier Asquith
Heated criticisms of the conference called for to-day. Unionist clubs express chagrin. Initiative for home rule round table taken by premier.

King will withhold assent to home rule
Statement of parliamentary writer – explanation of conclusion reached.

(The Globe, July 20, 1914, page 1)

Monday, July 20, 1914

Furious Hindus beat back 200 police and specials
Unsuccessful attempt to get rid of Komagata Maru and passengers.

Vancouver policemen and immigration officials going to aid of captain met with shower of coal, hatchets, machinery and other missiles – a score wounded – government nonplussed at seriousness of situation.

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Waters’ heavy toll: nine men and boys
Drowned in six places yesterday

Some try to save others

Two young men upset out of canoe – a man plunges at once to his death – boys bathing, both go down.

Burglar dashed acid into victim’s face
Julius Ramm awakened to find thief in room

Officers believe occurrence to be outcome of trouble at factory in which householder was foreman.

King again assumes peacemaker’s role
Calls conference of leaders on home rule bill

Program for to-day

Premier Asquith will indicate what is to be done with the amending bill and later the House of Commons will adjourn.

Blanche Yorke may be in Tamworth
Theory gains ground that she’s in hiding

Some kind friend may have taken her in charge, never thinking of the sensation the incident might cause – fortune teller falls to aid.

(The Globe, July 18, 1914, page 1)

His diplomacy justified. President Woodrow Wilson, whose policy of “watchful waiting” in Mexico has been vindicated by the resignation and flight of Huerta, the President, whom the United States Government refused to recognize despite the action in that direction of several European Governments.

Saturday, July 18, 1914

Belief that Miss Yorke has been kidnapped
Story of auto now seems to gain plausibility

Search for body stopped

Telegram from Brighton says man named Doherty there could give information – chief, her brother and two other men go at once.

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Lloyd George warns against civil war
Duty of Britons to preserve peace in Ireland

Industrial in Great Britain, he says are complicated by home rule fight – speaks at the Lord Mayor’s dinner.

Spare the enemy, U.S. Tells Carranza
A time to be merciful to Huerta’s followers

What rebels think

They would let the rank and file off, but they would try and punish higher officers proved to be supporting cause of Huerta.

Fire under control, report from Hearst
Lands and forests department receives message from chief fire ranger.

Scotland captures the elcho shield
Beats England and Ireland by wide margin

With Centrals on the bullseye counting six the scores and shooting are considered much poorer than those of last year.

To wage big battle on army worm pest
The department of agriculture moving in the matter

Provincial representative in Brant County to take charge of the situation – spraying and dusting recommended.

(The Globe, July 17, 1914, page 1)

Friday, July 17, 1914

Hearst burned down; hundreds flee for lives
Refugees spend night huddled on the railway track

Flames and smoke enveloped them in their misery for hours before relief train carried them to Cochrane – Only four buildings saved – fought fire for days.

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Tamworth mystery is still unsolved
Disappearance of Miss Yorke as puzzling as ever

President Wilson has new worries
What will rebels do with Huerta eliminated?

Oxford dairymen have a good year
Pasture luxuriant and big cheese output

Lesson of long peace impressed by masons
Centenary fittingly celebrated at Niagara Falls convention

Premier Flemming denies extortion
He admits, However, Selectine E.R.Teed to take charge of the money – Hon. E.J. Clarke thinks he has no power to bring Berry back.

(The Globe, July 16, 1914, page 1)

Ex-President Huerta

Thursday, July 16, 1914

Gen. Huerta quits; New era for Mexico
His resignation accepted by chamber of deputies and the Senate

General Carbajal succeeds him as provisional President of war-ridden Republic – Huerta held office seventeen months and assumed it on the heels of the arrest of Madero.

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Washington rejoices when Huerta leaves
Constitutionalist Junta members are highly elated

Attorney Douglas of the Constitutionalist agency issues statement in which he says Huerta’s elimination means end of regime.

C.N.R. trust deed has received ratification
Company now free to put bonds on market – criticism of naming National Trust Co. as trustee.

Was Tamworth woman victim of foul play?
Mysterious disappearance of Miss Blanche Yorke

Never seen after she left doctor’s office, where she was treated for stomach trouble – was highly respected and police baffled.

Farmers buy freely: Crop outlook fair
Brant County conditions are favorable

Good from late rains

Outlook has improved in last week or two – farmers seem to have plenty of cash – manufacturers are busy.

The Globe, July 15, 1914, page 1

Long distance ballooning at St. Louis. Collection of “old fashioned” aircraft before their departure across country on Sunday. The race was won by the balloon “Goodyear,” which landed in Illinois, 300 miles from St. Louis.

Wednesday, July 15, 1914

M’Cormick gets seat in Lambton recount
Makes Liberal representatives now twenty-six

Judge Macwatt’s decision

There were 128 ballots in dispute because of counterfoil – report that conservatives will go to Court of Appeal.

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Railway crossing collects human toll
Two sisters killed instantly near Mount Albert

Thick undergrowth hid oncoming train – Undue haste had tragic result – train was moving fast – inquest opened.

Home rule passes without a vote
Amending Bill gets third reading in the Lords

Opposition conciliatory

Marquis of Crewe, the leader, promises that the attainment of an agreement as to eliminating of time limit will not prove difficult.

Gen. Huerta decamps: Sends family away
End of his tyrannical regime at hand – others flee, too

Remove restrictions on power imports
U.S. Secretary Garrison’s advice to House Committee

Retain diversion limit

(The Globe, July 14, 1914, page 1)

The coupling—Sir Edward Carson’s chance. “I make not so much a political speech, but a speech longing, hoping and praying for national peace.” Sir Edward Carson at Blackburn - London Daily News and Leader.

Tuesday, July 14, 1914

Carsonites celebrated without disorder
Both they and nationalists shrunk from spectre of war

Ulster’s leaders still defiant

At Drumbeg Carson said that exclusion’s alternative was fight.

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Lords may to-day hear third reading
Conclude the report stage of the amending bill

Hopeful feeling over the prospects of an amicable settlement reflected in members of commons – MacDonnell amendment is carried.

In beggar’s guise woman stabs monk
Blatter was power behind the throne of Russia.

New Haven directors criminally negligent
Scathing arraignment by the interstate commission

Censure for C.S. Mellen

Its report tells of millions used like stage money, of corporations as pawns in a master game with New England as the prize.

Receivers appointed for $17,500,000 firm
U.S. Lighting and Heating Co. is solvent, though. Frederick R. Humpage, who applied for the receivership, says that directors dissipated the funds of corporation is salaries.

Resist aggression of Roman power
The mission of Orangemen, says Mayor Hocken

Kingston orangemen warm in criticism of British Premier – Perth Orangemen criticized Col. Hughes – Rev. Mr. Brace spoke at Milton.

(The Globe, July 13, 1914, page 1)

Monday, July 13, 1914

Storstad blamed for Empress’ loss
Commissioners lay responsibility on the Norwegian collier

Special mention of Officer Tuftenes of the Storstad, who is accused of negligence – Captain Kendall’s conduct not unseaman(sic)-like – recommendations for future guidance.

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Lord Mersey a fool, says Capt. Andersen
Storstad’s commander incensed at the finding

Fight to a finish

Norwegian says he will begin by suiting C.P.R. for damages – will take case to the Admiralty Court in Great Britain.

Str. Canada struck rock at Cape Chatte
Grounded during dense fog on St. Lawrence

Quietness in Ulster: Carson talks war
Peace with honor or war with honor, he says

Some alarming reports

Belfast despatches to London Unionist papers talk of exchange of shots – Big preparations for the twelfth of July.

Toronto engineer scalded to death
Murdock Lloyd meets terrible end at Haileybury

Injured man lingered in agony for eighteen hours – sister summoned too late to reach his side before death – was native of Aurora.

(The Globe, July 11, 1914, page 1)

Mr. T. C. Norris, Liberal leader in Manitoba.

Saturday, July 11, 1914

Roblin forces almost defeated
Enormous turnover in yesterday’s Manitoba elections

Evidence of the feeling against the government seen in the results – Dr. Montague defeated – Liberals win four seats in Winnipeg.

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Protestant pastors hit by Orangemen
District lodge undertakes to supervise their attitude on temperance question – Presbyterians indignant over reference to Rev. John McNeil

Ulster sensations fail to appear
Predictions of trouble at Belfast unfulfilled

Working up a bluff

Liberal papers declare that the “provisional government" meeting at Belfast is calculated to frighten the Asquith government.

Digging Welland Canal is nation’s great task
Democracy is victor in Danish elections

More members elected supporting amendement of constitution.

(The Globe, July 10, 1914, page 1)

Finest parade on the continent, which suffered seriously from the fire yesterday. The Chateau Frontenac (at left) escaped injury.

Friday, July 10, 1914

Quebec’s fine terrace nearly burned down
Fire in Picturesque promenade over the St. Lawrence

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Amending bill leaves the committee stage
Lord Lansdowne emphasizes importance of concentrating on changes that will avert civil strife in Ireland

Emmerson, radical, dead in Dorcester
Former Minister of Railways under Laurier. A democrat to the hilt. Was premier of New Brunswick for a time and in politics most of his life – opposed to Royal Governor- General.

Family of four people perish in Grand River
Sad fatality to rowing Party near Brantford. Garnet family lost. Man, two children and Maid, while the hired man escapes – efforts to recover bodies have failed.

(Eminent Europeans: studies in continental reality, 1922)

Count Stephen Tisza, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary, 1903-1905; 1913-1917.

Thursday, July 9, 1914

No Austria-Hungary rupture

Vienna, July 8. — Fears of a rupture between Austria and Hungary as a result of the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand appear to be groundless. Count Stephen Tisza, the Hungarian Premier, addressing the Hungarian Parliament to-day, expressed regret at the excesses committed against loyal Servians at Sarayevo (sic). He denied that there was any danger of a revolution in Bosnia, and uttered a warning against drawing too sweeping conclusions for the crime of a band of conspirators.

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(Library of Congress)

Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany (German Emperor, 1859-1941), between ca. 1910 and ca. 1915.

Thursday, July 9, 1914

Arrest student club head
Alleged that there was plan to assassinate German Emperor.

Berlin, July 8. – The police to-day arrested the President and members of the Servian (sic) Students’ Club and searched their rooms for evidence of a Pan-Servian (sic) conspiracy which is alleged to involve Servians (sic) living in various towns of Germany.

The German police months ago received an anonymous warning from Sarajevo, where Archduke Francis Ferdinand, and the Duchess of Hohenberg were assassinated, that an attempt against the Emperor’s life had been planned. The Sarajevo tragedy recalled the warning, and the police have been carrying on investigations since then.

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(Library of Congress)

Photograph shows Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria with his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg and their children.

Wednesday, July 8, 1914

The Austrian tragedy

To the Editor of the Globe: As an Austrian I feel obliged to say thank you for the sympathy which you have expressed in your estimable paper for the bereavement of our venerable Emperor, His Majesty Franz Joseph I., and I would be very obliged for giving me a little space for a few remarks. The general feeling expressed in all papers of Toronto is a proof that the broadminded, democratic rulership of our Emperor is not only appreciated by his peoples but in the whole world.
Although I am as a member of the peace society a democrat throughout, I feel obliged to state that there seems to prevail in the public opinion some prejudice against the Archduke Franz Joseph d’Erbe. He was denounced as clerical for the reason that he was not in agreement with the radical wing of the progressive party, but he was not a reactionary of a Russian type.

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(The Globe, July 29, 1914, page 2)

Servia, its Austrian antagonist, and other big and little neighbors.

Wednesday, July 8, 1914

Austria preparing to fight Servia? (sic)

Paris, July 7. – A despatch to The Temps from Belgrade, Servia (sic), says extraordinary military activity is being displayed in Austria-Hungary. It says forty carloads of artillery are known to have left Budapest to-day for the frontier and feverish energy is being shown along the whole northern border of Servia (sic).

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(The War of the Nations/New York Times)

Archduke Karl Franz Ferdinand of Austria (1863 - 1914).

Saturday, July 4, 1914

Late Archduke prized an American Tip
One of his proudest possessions was a Swiss 100-Franc banknote.

Geneva, July 3.—One of the proudest possessions of the murdered Archduke Francis Ferdinand was a Swiss banknote of one hundred francs received as a tip from an American. The Archduke is an accomplished Alpinist and chamois hunter, and chamois hunter, and had a shooting lodge at Blumbachtal in the Tyrolese Alps, where he was accustomed to rough it. On several occasions he was mistaken for a guide.

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(Library of Congress)

Emperor Franz Josef of Austria, in uniform.

Saturday, July 4, 1914

Imposing services at Vienna funeral
Emperor Francis Joseph and new heir attend. Many of the nobility of Austria and Diplomatic world attend services over remains of murdered Archduke and Duchess.

Vienna, July 3.—In the presence of Emperor Francis Joseph, the new heir to the throne, the Archduke Charles Francis Joseph, many archdukes and archduchesses, cabinet ministers, diplomats and high military and civil officials, funeral services for the Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, the Duchess of Hohenberg, who were assassinated last week, were held in the chapel of the Hofburg this afternoon.

Emperor Francis Joseph and the members of the Imperial family had assembled in the Gobelin salon of the Hofburg, and proceeded thence to the chapel. The aged Emperor and the new heir-apparent to the throne occupied seats on the oratorium above the right side of the high altar, while the Ambassadors had places on the left. Twenty members of the Corps of Gentlemen at Arms, in gorgeous uniforms, stood at attention at the sides of the catafalque.

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(Getty Images)

The coffins of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and Archduchess Sophie lying in state, 1914.

Friday, July 3, 1914

Vienna bares head royal remains
Bodies of murdered couple reach the capital

The funeral procession presents as imposing spectacle – Emperor William of Germany will be unable to attend funeral.

Vienna, July 2.—The special court train from Trieste, conveying the bodies of the murdered Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, the Duchess of Hohenberg, arrived at the Southern Railway station here at 10 o’clock to-night. Prince Montenuovo, the court chamberlain, and other high officials, were in waiting.

Escorted by Halberdiers and Life-guardsmen, the coffins were carried to the Imperial waiting-room, which had ben (sic) converted into a temporary chapel. Here they were blessed by Court Chaplains and then carried out and placed in two great black court hearses.

The funeral procession, which meantime had former outside, started for the Hofburg. Two outriders, carrying lighted lanterns, led by the cortege. They were followed by an advance guard of cavalry. Then came an official on horseback, known as the "Hofelnspanier,” dressed in the picturesque costume of a Spanish cavaller (sic).

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(Library of Congress)

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria with his children.

Thursday, July 2, 1914

Emperor sends touching telegram

VIENNA, July 1.—A very touching telegram was sent by the German Emperor to the three orphan children of the dead Archduke. It was addressed to Princess Sophie, a thirteen-year old daughter, and signed by both the Kaiser and Kaiserin: 'We can hardly find words to tell you children how our hearts bleed for you in your immense sorrow.'

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Arrest of Gavrilo Princip, assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.

Thursday, July 2, 1914

Archduke’s assassin glories in guilt
Intended for long time to kill leading Austrian.

Serious rioting at Tuzla and Maglaj makes this imperative – preliminary hearing of the charges against Gavrio Prinzips (sic).

Sarajevo, July 2.—Martial law has been proclaimed at Tuzla and Naglaj because of the serious rioting in these towns, where much Servian property has been destroyed.

The preliminary examination by a Magistrate to-day into the assassination of the Archduke and his wife showed that it had been the intention of Prinzip (sic) to commit the deed at the time of the manoeuvres at Tarsini, but the attempt was abandoned owing to the strict military guard which prevented any outsider from approaching the Archduke.

During the preliminary examination Prinzip (sic) glories in his guilt. He described the killing of the couple, and declared that it had been his intention for a long time to kill a prominent Austrian. He had read much Anarchistic literature and had become convinced that there could be nothing on earth finer than to be an assassin.

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(Keystone/Associated Press)

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife Czech Countess Sophie Chotek are shown in this photo circa 1914.

Wednesday, July 1, 1914

Royal couple’s bodies reach Metkovitch
Dense crowd of citizens see arrival of cortege – Town in mourning.

Matkovitch, Herzegovina, June 30.—The bodies of Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his consort, the Duchess of Hohenberg, arrived here on a special train at six o’clock this morning from Sarajevo, Bosnia, where they had been assassinated by Gavrio Prinzip (sic) on Sunday. They were accompanied by the members of the household.

The town was draped in black, while all the lamp-posts were covered with crepe and the flags on all the buildings floated half-mast.

Guards of honor from the army and navy were drawn up along the platform and behind them were gathered the local authorities, all the school children of the town and a dense crowd of citizens.

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A photograph of Gavrilo Princip, who assasinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Hungry.

Wednesday, July 1, 1914

Archduke’s assassin may escape death
Gavrio Prinzip (sic) may get away with ten years of imprisonment.

Sarajevo, Bosnia, June 30.—The night passed quietly in this city, only six persons being arrested for slight offences. Martial law was still in force to-day, but there was no breach of the peace.

Reports from other districts of Bosnia to-day say that disorders have virtualy (sic) ceased. The perpetrators of Sunday’s outrages are to be tried before the civil courts and not under martial law.

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(Associated Press)

An artist's rendition shows the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife, Czech Countess Sophie Chotek, during their visit to Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28, 1914.

Tuesday, June 30, 1914

Death masks taken of murdered couple
Bodies then embalmed and will lie in state.

Sarajevo, Bosnia, June 29.– Death masks were taken to-day of the late Archduke Francis Ferdinand and of the Duchess of Hohenberg, who met their deaths at the hands of the young assassin, Gavrio Prinzipe (sic), while on an official visit to the Bosnian capital. The bodies of the two victim (sic) were then embalmed and placed on a catafalque in the chapel of the palace, where they were surrounded by a magnificent display of wreaths and other floral emblems from all parts of the country.

According to the semi-official report of the tragedy at the time the fatal shots were fired, Field Marshal Uskar Potiorek, Governor of Bosnia, was seated in the Archduke’s motorcar. Count Francis Von Harrach was standing on the footboard of the car, acting as a shield to the occupants, of whom he had constituted himself the special bodyguard after the bomb had been thrown a short time before by Nedeljo Gabrinovitch.

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(Carlton J.H. Hayes/A Brief History of the Great War)

Map of Austria Hungary, 1914

Tuesday, June 30, 1914

Serious anti-Servian outbreak in Sarajevo
The troops had considerable difficulty in quelling disturbance.

Sarajevo, June 29.—A bomb thrown by a youth standing on the corner of the main street of the Bosnian capital was the signal this morning for a serious anti-Servian outbreak, which the troops found considerable difficulty in quelling. The only damage done by the bomb was a slight injury to a passing Mussulman, but the rougher element seized on the incident as an excuse to start a demonstration. They were joined by a number of Croatian students, and the crowd passed along the streets stoning the windows of Servian (sic) shops, clubs, schools and houses and looting the interiors.

The manifestants paraded the streets with a portrait of the Emperor Francis Joseph at their head. They sang the Austrian national anthem, and attacked everything Servian (sic) until they were confronted by an overwhelming force of soldiers.

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(Associated Press)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand walks to a car with his wife Sophie in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914. This photo was taken minutes before his assassination.

Tuesday, June 30, 1914

Slavic embitterment cause of tragedy
Comment of German papers on Austrian affair – Sympathy for emperor

Berlin, June 29.—The Berlin morning papers, representing all parties, unite in declaring the Sarajevo tragedy to be the result of Slavic embitterment over Austria’s internal policy. The Tageblatt says:
"The motive is Servian (sic) hatred for the Austro-Hungarian State. The Archduke and his wife have fallen as the victims of the passionate enmity which Austro-Hungarian policy of late years has awakened among the Servian (sic) people.”

The Tageblatt thinks the crime will further intensify the already tense situation in the dual monarchy.

The Tages Zeltung declares that the crime is directly connected with the Servians’ discontent at Austria’s assistance in the creation of an Albanian State. It adds that the death of the Archduke is a great loss to Austria.

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(Associated Press)

Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, right, is captured by police after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, June 28, 1914.

Monday, June 29, 1914

Murder of archduke, an act of revenge
Slavs bitterly resent extension of Austrian territory in 1908

London, June 28.—The fact that Archduke Francis Ferdinand met his death in the capital of Bosnia, the annexation of which to Austria has been attributed in his initiative, and that the crime was committed by Slavs, who have bitterly resented this extension of Austrian territory at the expense of Servia (sic), leads to the belief that the crime was an act of revenge for this successful coup of 1908.

At this time, the annexation of Bosnia caused a sensation in Europe, and threatened to drag the powers into the oft-predicted European war through Russia becoming involved with Austria in defence of the Slavs of Servia (sic). The resentment of the Slavs against the Archduke was never overcome, although he exerted himself in showing the keenest interest in their aspirations, and had latterly been accused by the dominant nationalities in Austria-Hungary, German and Magyar, of having favored the Slavs against their interests.

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(Peopleimage/Canadian Press)

A portrait of King George V, King of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India (1910-1936), dated January 1, 1910.

Monday, June 29, 1914

King George orders week of mourning
The Austrian tragedy causes a deep sensation in London.

London, June 28.- The news of the assassination caused a deep impression in London. When word came from the British Embassy at Vienna the King dispatched telegrams of sympathy and ordered all Court affairs cancelled.

The King has ordered Court mourning for a week. The State ball, which was to have taken place tomorrow, has been postponed.

The Archduke’s successor as heir to throne, Archduke Charles Francis, is likewise a popular figure in Britain and other countries. He represented Austria at the coronation of King George, as Archduke Francis Ferdinand would not attend, because his wife could not take her place by his side. Archduke Charles, besides speaking English and German fluently, has a thorough knowledge of the Slav tongue. He is of athletic build and carriage, and shows distinct traces of his military training. With Austria and Hungary alike he is immensely popular, and the close study of Slavonic and Balkan problems to which he has devoted himself, should be of good service when he comes to the throne.

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(Keystone/Associated Press)

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife Czech Countess Sophie Chotek are shown in this photo circa 1914.

Monday, June 29, 1914

Heir to Austrian throne and his wife assassinated by young student
First attempt to kill them with a bomb not successful

Were slain by revolver shots

Going to hospital to ask about aides injured by bomb.

Sarajevo, Bosnia, June 28. – Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne and the Princess of Hohenberg, his morganatic wife, were shot dead in the main street of the Bosnian capital by a student to-day, Gavrio Prinzep (sic) while they were making an apparently triumphant progress through the city on their annual visit to the annexed provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Archduke was hit full in the face and the Princess was shot through the abdomen and throat. Their wounds proved mortal within a few minutes after reaching the palace, to which they were hurried with all speed.

Those responsible for the assassination took care that it should prove effective, as there were two assailants, the first armed with a bomb, and the latter with a revolver. The bomb was thrown at the Royal automobile as it was proceeding to the Town Hall, where a reception was to be held, but the Archduke saw the deadly missile coming and warded it off with his arm. It fell outside the car and exploded, slightly wounding two adies (sic) de camp in a second car, and half a dozen spectators.

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