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U.S. President Joe Biden, first lady Jill Biden, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his wife, Sophie Grégoire Trudeau, arrive to attend a gala dinner at the Canadian Aviation and Space Museum in Ottawa on March 24.MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images

Canada will speed up deployment of a new high-tech radar system to upgrade North American air defences and retrofit military bases to accommodate the new American-made warplane that Ottawa is buying, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced during U.S. President Joe Biden’s visit to Canada.

The measures were part of a package of actions unveiled by the leaders Friday aimed at reinforcing economic and defence ties between Canada and the United States.

They represent a give and take on key priorities between the two leaders, with Mr. Trudeau conceding to American pressure on faster defence investments and support for Haiti, and the President giving the Prime Minister a significant win by agreeing to change the rules governing irregular migration at the border. The federal government believes the deal will stem the influx of irregular migrants crossing into Canada on Roxham Road, between Quebec and New York.

In an address to Parliament, the U.S. President pointed to the mutually beneficial relationship between the two countries: “Our shared prosperity is deeply connected to our shared security.”

Mr. Biden, during his first visit to Canada since taking office in 2021, also tried to repeatedly reassure Canadians that his government’s vast subsidies for American companies to spur clean energy will not disadvantage those north of the border.

At a briefing ahead of Mr. Biden’s visit, a senior U.S. administration official had told reporters that the United States was eager for Canada to increase the speed and scale of its NORAD investments and to make significant upgrades in the Arctic for the new Lockheed Martin F-35 jets to be able to operate there – including to hangars and runways.

Mr. Trudeau announced Friday that Canada will accelerate the installation of a next-generation over-the-horizon radar that will provide early-warning radar coverage and threat tracking from the Canada-U.S. border to the Arctic Circle. It will be ready by 2028. A separate system, the polar over-the-horizon radar will be ready by 2032 and provide the same coverage and tracking over and beyond the northernmost approaches to North America.

These form part of Canada’s commitment to help modernize the joint North American Aerospace Defence Command and address the growing threat posed by hypersonic missiles and advanced cruise-missile technology developed by Russia and China. They were first unveiled in June, 2022, but no date was set for their completion at the time.

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U.S. President Joe Biden laughs as he talks to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at Parliament on March 24.Kenny Holston/The New York Times/The Associated Press

Canada will also spend $7.3-billion to upgrade bases and operating locations so they are ready before the first of 88 American-made F-35 fighter jets, ordered by Ottawa, is delivered in 2026.

The investments mean NORAD will be able to “detect threats earlier and more precisely,” a joint statement from the leaders said.

The federal government also announced $100-million for the Haitian National Police, to help the force restore order in Haiti, where armed gangs control significant territory.

“It wont be overnight, it will take a lengthy effort,” Mr. Trudeau said at a joint news conference, “but we will be there to strengthen the capacity of the Haitian National Police.”

In addition, Ottawa announced that it would put sanctions on two more Haitians, freezing the assets of former Haitian senator Nenel Cassy and businessman and former presidential candidate Steeve Khawly. They will also be inadmissible to Canada.

Mr. Biden and first lady Jill Biden arrived in the capital on Thursday evening. In his speech to Parliament, he took a poke at the Toronto Maple Leafs, prompting loud cheers and boos in equal measure, and celebrated the freedom of the “Two Michaels” after they were jailed by China for more than 1,000 days.

“If my mother were here, she’d say, ‘God bless you both,’ " he told Michael Spavor and Michael Kovrig, guests of the Prime Minister for the speech.

Throughout his address, the President underscored the far-reaching ties between Canada and the United States. Washington last year protected the roles of Canada and Mexico in North American automotive production by broadening a U.S. tax credit for electric-vehicle buyers to include vehicles produced in Mexican or Canadian factories.

“Today, our destinies are intertwined and they’re inseparable,” Mr. Biden said, “not because of the inevitability of geography, but because it’s a choice – a choice we’ve made again and again.”

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Michael Kovrig and Michael Spavor stand as they are recognized before an address from U.S. President Joe Biden on March 24.MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images

Separately, Canada and the United States announced that the renegotiated Safe Third Country Agreement will take effect at midnight Friday, meaning police will begin turning away migrants crossing into Canada at unofficial points of entry early Saturday.

The revised deal would close a loophole in the agreement and bring 15,000 Central American migrants to Canada through legal pathways. The change will mean that each country can turn away asylum seekers no matter where they cross on the border. Currently, migrants crossing at unofficial points are allowed to make refugee claims.

The President said a Canadian astronaut will take part in NASA’s Artemis II mission, the first crewed test flight of the Artemis program, which aims to create a sustained presence on the moon and pave the way for human exploration of Mars. The crew of the Artemis II mission will be announced April 3.

He also lauded Canada’s part in the U.S. semiconductor business, noting that the IBM plant in Bromont, Que., is the largest semiconductor packaging and testing facility in North America. He announced that the U.S. would make an additional US$50-million in funding available to support U.S. and Canadian companies packaging semiconductors and circuit boards. Canada said it would provide up to $250-million for semiconductor projects.

Mr. Biden was introduced to Parliament by Mr. Trudeau, who talked of myriad challenges the two countries face together.

“You are a true friend to Canada and that matters more than ever,” the Prime Minister told Mr. Biden and the Commons. “These are serious times,” he said, citing climate change, the pandemic and Russia’s military assault on Ukraine.

Mr. Biden’s visit is taking place as a Canadian pipeline company was notified by the U.S. government of another setback in its efforts to reroute a section of a vital energy conduit that transits through Great Lakes states before re-entering Canada.

On Wednesday, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers said it was extending an environmental review of Calgary-based Enbridge’s US$500-million proposed Line 5 tunnel under a Michigan waterway, which further delays a solution the company has offered as an alternative to those who want to shut down the pipeline. Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer has sought to shutter the pipeline all together over fears of an oil leak.

Enbridge’s proposed tunnel would reroute the line so it runs deep under the Straits of Mackinac, which the company says would shield the Great Lakes from spills.

The Army Corps of Engineers said it now expects to complete its draft environmental impact statement for Enbridge’s Line 5 tunnel permit application in spring 2025, rather than late 2023.

Enbridge spokesman Ryan Duffy called the delay “disappointing, surprising and unfortunate.”

The Canadian government has warned that a shutdown would represent a threat to this country’s energy security.

Asked if it was hypocritical to stymie Canadian oil projects while expanding oil on U.S. territory, Mr. Biden said “I don’t think it is,” but he did not explain the delay to the Line 5 environmental assessment.

In their speeches to Parliament on March 24, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and U.S. President Joe Biden focused on the economy, climate change and policies to spur clean energy. President Biden also addressed strengthening global security and future joint space missions to the moon and beyond.

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