Skip to main content

Canadian one dollar coins, also known as loonies.© Christinne Muschi / Reuters

The Canadian dollar closed sharply lower Monday as a top Bank of Canada official said the country's struggling economy still needs low interest rates to help with the recovery.

The loonie fell 0.70 of a cent to end at 90.65 cents (U.S.).

Bank of Canada senior deputy governor Carolyn Wilkins said in a speech that "persistent headwinds" could mean that "some degree of stimulus" will be needed to keep inflation on target, even after the economy returns to full capacity.

Wilkins also said the neutral interest rate – the level at which the economy can be sustained at full capacity with stable inflation – has dropped to a range of 3 to 4 per cent, about 1.5 percentage points lower than before the economic downturn.

The lower estimate means interest rates could be lower than they have been in the past when the economy is running at full steam.

Last week, Bank of Canada Governor Stephen Poloz said the central bank will continue a hands-off approach regarding the loonie, saying that trying to interfere with the direction of the currency would hurt the bank's ability to pursue independent monetary policy.

Economists have long suggested that Poloz's dovish talk on interest rates has helped take some of the shine off the loonie in a deliberate move to bolster exports.

The Bank of Canada has kept its key interest rate at 1 per cent for four years.

Meanwhile, the U.S. Federal Reserve also said recently that it was not considering raising short-term interest rates from near zero any time soon. The reassurance from the Fed has helped lift the U.S. dollar in recent days.

"We're seeing a bit of a shift, a slow migration of expectations of what Fed policy might look like in 2015, with the potential for a rate hike in mid-2015. As a result, we're seeing expectations for the U.S. dollar be adjusted as well," said Craig Fehr, a Canadian-market strategist at Edward Jones in St. Louis.

"The U.S. economy is really starting to stand out as a leader for growth. There's some momentum in that economy at the same time as Europe's sputtering along and China's slowing down. I think that will only serve to strengthen the U.S. dollar as well."

Commodities also weighed on the loonie as the November crude oil contract on the New York Mercantile Exchange lost 89 cents to $91.52 a barrel. December gold bullion added $1 to $1,217.60 an ounce and December copper fell 5 cents to $3.04 a pound.

Report an error

Tickers mentioned in this story