Dubai opened the world's tallest structure in a glitzy ceremony meant to put a brave face on crushing debt woes, leading some to wonder whether the tower is the emirate's crowning glory or its last hurrah.
The $1.5-billion tower reaches 828-metres (2,717 ft), 200 storeys into the sky, exceeding the next highest structure by some 300 metres.
Dubai's ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum renamed the tower Burj Khalifa after the president of the United Arab Emirates and the ruler of the neighbouring emirate of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahayan.
Abu Dhabi has facilitated $25-billion in bailout funds for Dubai in the past year, fuelling expectations that Dubai will make concessions or cede some of its commercial power to its wealthier neighbour.
Concerns about Dubai's $100-billion debt pile, which has made Dubai's stock exchange one of the world's worst performing, overshadowed both the ceremony and boasts by the builder, Emaar Properties, that the Burj heralds a new dawn.
"The worry for Dubai is that the event will be remembered as a second bout of hubris," said David Butter, regional director for Middle East and North Africa at Economist Intelligence Unit.
The first bout was in November, 2008, two months after the collapse of Lehman Bros., when Dubai spent $24-million on the opening ceremony of the Atlantis Hotel, an event that did more to highlight a taste for extravagance than assuage fears that the economic crisis was not being taken seriously.
Emaar says property prices have now stabilized, confounding wider expectations for stress in the sector.
"You have to ask, 'why we are building all this?' To bring quality of life and a smile to people and I think we should continue to do that," said Mohamed Alabbar, chairman of Emaar, the Arab world's largest listed developer.
"Crises come and go," Mr. Alabbar told reporters. "We build for years to come ... We must have hope and optimism."
But investors took little heart with Emaar shares closing down 3.4 per cent, pulling Dubai's broader index 2.6 per cent lower.
"This is the culmination of Dubai's momentum and not just Emaar's," said Saud Masud, UBS head of research. "It is probably the end of Dubai mega projects for the next several years as the emirate tries to rationalize its resources and looks to build the economy again in some way or another."
In a sign Dubai is trying to meet its obligations, DP World , a subsidiary of state-owned holding company Dubai World, said on Monday it had paid obligations tied to a sukuk and a bond issue on time.
Dubai sent shock waves through global markets on Nov. 25 when it said it would request a standstill on billions of dollars of debts linked to state-held holding firm Dubai World and its property units Limitless and Nakheel, developer of three palm-shaped islands.
Dubai World is expected to pitch a formal standstill proposal on its debt payments to creditors this month, while it comes up with a restructuring plan.
The conglomerate has already moved to ring-fence its profitable assets, and said its debt restructuring excludes firms on a "stable financial footing" such as DP World, Istithmar World, and Jebel Ali Freezone.
The tower's opening has been delayed twice and, unlike other projects, survived cancellations after the crisis hit the one-booming city.
Experts say land scarcity or urban density does not justify the height of the building, rather its "iconic" appeal is a symbol of Dubai's ambitions.
From the 124th floor observation deck of the tower, viewers can see 50 miles (80 km) on a clear day. The air is noticeably cooler and fresher on the terraces compared to the stifling heat and humidity at ground level during Dubai's summer.
Terraces are located at setbacks spiralling up the tapered tower, which is based on the "geometries of the desert flower and the patterning systems embodied in Islamic architecture," according to its promotional literature.