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Tesla is the most trusted car brand in Canada, despite having sold far fewer cars in the country than any other major auto company.

That's according to the University of Victoria's second-annual Gustavson Brand Trust Index (GBTI), which ranks 276 national brands subdivided into 27 industry sectors based on a survey measuring consumers' level of trust.

This year's top-10 trusted brands – President's Choice and Mountain Equipment Co-op (MEC) tied for first – includes mass-market firms, such as Band-Aid and Shoppers Drug Mart, as well as more niche players, such as MEC, David's Tea and Columbia Sportswear. Tesla fell just outside the GBTI's top 10, ranking 11th over all.

So, how exactly does a company that has only ever sold about 4,300 cars in Canada, according to industry tracking from, knock Honda – maker of the Civic, a perennial best-selling vehicle – out of the top spot in the automotive category?

Saul Klein, dean of the Gustavson School of Business, says it's part of "the evolution from an experience-based economy to a value-based economy."

"We think there's a shift taking place: In many ways we choose brands that provide their basic functions well, that are reliable, value for money, whatever." But, increasingly, he says, "what's important to consumers is the extent to which the brand or the company is acting to a broader value perspective: respects the environment, treats employees well, invests in the community and cares about societal well-being."

Tesla was added to this year's survey as a disruptive brand, Mr. Klein said, not because it had wide sales volume. Similarly, the survey included car-sharing app Uber and hotel-alternative rental service Airbnb. But while Uber and Airbnb were also seen as disruptive, they were viewed far more negatively. Amid confrontations with cities and taxi drivers, Uber scraped the bottom of the list at No. 273. Airbnb's reputation for rental-market disruption and claims of racial discrimination could have contributed to its position at 245th on the list.

The survey also broke results into three age groups: under 35, 35-55 and over 55. Young Canadians, in particular, seem to gravitate toward Tesla for its commitment to a fossil-fuel-free automotive future. President's Choice, meanwhile, showed up on all three groups' top-10 list, though under-35s had the least trust in the brand. Among the under-35 set, Google was the No. 5 brand and was the only software company on any demographic's top 10, though the cut-rate PC-maker Asus was No. 8 in the over-55 demo.

The data was collected from 6,384 online surveys (the response rate was 24.7 per cent) held between June 20 and July 8. Each person was asked to rank 20 randomly selected brands, and the results were aggregated. The surveys asked users to define their most trusted brand, and also measured "values-based trust," "functional trust," "relationship trust" and "net recommendations" but those factors were not used to weight the main ranking, merely to inform the researchers.

Outside of the new entrants, previously measured brands did not seem to climb too quickly since last year's index. Mr. Klein said it's much more likely for a brand to fall from grace than to see a sudden improvement. Volkswagen, for example, ranked in the middle of the pack of the 215 brands in last year's index but plummeted all the way to the bottom this year amid an emissions scandal.

"Brand trust takes a long time to build, but sharp drops are quite likely," Mr. Klein said.

Canada's top 10 most trusted brands

1 (tie)President's Choice
1 (tie)MEC (Mountain Equipment Co-op)
4Home Hardware
5Shoppers Drug Mart / Pharmaprix
8Fairmont Hotels & Resorts
9 (tie)Band-Aid
9 (tie)Columbia Sportswear

Source: Gustavson Brand Trust Index

Winners of consumer trust by industry sector

CategoryLeading brand
Appliances (New)Whirlpool
Automobile Rental (New)Enterprise
AutomobilesTesla Motors
BeerAlexander Keith’s
Coffee/TeaDAVIDs TEA
Confectionery/Snack FoodsLaura Secord
DairyAgropur (Sealtest, Quebon, L’Extra, Natrel, IOGO)
Delivery ServicesPurolator
Financial ServicesInterac
Electronics & AV EquipmentCanon
Food & Drug RetailersCostco
Gas StationsPetroCanada
HotelsFairmont Hotels & Resorts
Household Care(New)Palmolive
InsuranceSun Life
MediaGlobal TV
Packaged FoodsPresident’s Choice
Personal & Beauty Care(New)Band-Aid
Pet Food(New)Purina
Restaurants/TakeoutTim Hortons
Retailers (other)MEC (Mountain Equipment Co-op)
Soft Drinks/Juices/WatersCanada Dry
Sportswear(New)Columbia Sportswear

Source: Gustavson Brand Trust Index

Ranking of auto makers

GBTI RankingBrand
11Tesla Motors
59BMW / Mini

Source: Gustavson Brand Trust Index

Top ten brands ranked by brand trust: by age

Tap arrow for 55-plus age bracket

Rank< 3535 - 55>55
1IKEAMEC (Mountain Equipment Co-op)Home Hardware
2Band-AidPresident's ChoiceMEC
3Tesla MotorsHondaShoppers Drug Mart / Pharmaprix
5GoogleHome HardwarePresident's Choice
6Laura SecordCostcoCanadian Tire
7CostcoGlobal TVFairmont
8President's ChoiceDAVIDsTEAHome Depot
9Canon Quaker OatsAsus
10Shoppers Drug Mart / PharmaprixKicking Horse CoffeeCostco

Source: Gustavson Brand Trust Index