Lobster prices in North America recently reached their highest point in more than 10 years and could become the typical bottom line as demand for processed lobster meat grows.
The wholesale price of a 1 1/4-pound hard-shelled lobster at the end of August reached $8.50 (U.S.), the highest price for that month since 2005, according to Urner Barry commodities publishing service.
Retail prices have remained high into September, with consumers typically paying $9 to $11 per pound for a live lobster – a few dollars more than a year ago at this time. The high prices are a product of several factors, including the ebb and flow of lobstermen's catch and the demand from Asian countries that are developing a taste for the East Coast treat.
But one factor – the growing demand for processed lobster products such as lobster rolls and lobster macaroni and cheese – could keep the price high in the future, said market analyst John Sackton, who publishes a website called SeafoodNews.com. The growing interest in the products has spurred demand in parts of the country where lobster is less common in restaurants than it is in New England and the Maritimes, he said.
"Lobster trucks are starting up in Los Angeles and places like that," Mr. Sackton said. "I think, long term, there's going to be more of a shift where consumption of lobster is going to be predicated on processed products and less on live products."
The growth of the lobster processing industry in Maine, whose fishermen produce the largest catches in the United States, has helped enable the shift toward processed lobster products. Maine's industry was barely existent at all 25 years ago and now includes 15 firms that process millions of pounds of meat every year. Canada also has a significant lobster fishery and its processing industry is much larger.
This year, the typical autumn lobster price dip that happens after tourists flee New England's summer resort towns is still likely but could be less severe, Mr. Sackton said.
Alex Todd, a lobsterman who fishes out of Chebeague Island in Maine, said fishermen like him have gotten slightly more per pound this year. But it will take continued heavy catches to provide the processors with enough product, he said.
U.S. lobstermen caught more than 100 million pounds of lobster for the first time in 2009 and have exceeded that amount every year since. Maine and other coastal New England states account for most of the U.S. catch.
New England's processing industry remains dwarfed by Canada's. Companies in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia processed about 52 million kilograms of lobster in 2013.