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Wal-Mart had been in talks to buy the Karusel chain in Russia in 2007. It was later acquired by X5..

Wal-Mart Stores Inc. said on Monday it has reached an agreement to raise its stake in a Chinese e-commerce firm, Yihaodian, to around 51 per cent, as the world's largest retailer aims to boost its presence in China's fast-growing consumer market.

Wal-Mart announced in May last year it planned to buy a minority stake in Yihaodian, a Chinese website selling consumer items and groceries.

Wal-Mart said in a news release that the fresh investment into Yihaodian will take its stake to around 51 per cent, and will be subject to government regulatory approval. Wal-Mart did not provide any financial details to the deal.

"Our further investment in Yihaodian demonstrates that we are committed to investing in China in a key growth industry and developing all that goes with it: logistics, infrastructure, innovative talent and new technologies…," Neil Ashe, president and chief executive officer of Wal-Mart Global eCommerce, said in the statement.

Yihaodian, with 5,400 staff, operates a logistics network based in Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Wuhan and Chengdu. It serves a growing customer base with same-day and next-day delivery of essential daily items at competitive prices.

The announcement came weeks after Wal-Mart named an industry veteran, but a relative newcomer to China, to run what is a strategically crucial business for the company as it faces tougher competition and after a series of leadership changes at its China unit, which has been tainted by food scandals, including a pork mis-labelling issue last year that forced it to temporarily shut a dozen stores in central China.

Wal-Mart China has faced intense competition on the mainland, where it competes against China's Sun Art and China Resources Enterprise , with local brands such as Yonghui and Shinshiji. It is also up against French hypermarket chain Carrefour, Britain's Tesco and Germany's Metro AG, which are expanding to inland China as interior cities become more affluent.

When Wal-Mart reports fiscal fourth-quarter results on Feb. 21, analysts on average expect to see the company's best U.S. sales performance in more than two years.

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