Skip to main content

The Globe and Mail

More coast guard ships to help clear icy Great Lakes, St. Lawrence Seaway

Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker Pierre-Radisson clears the ice flow under the Quebec bridge on the St-Lawrence River in front of Quebec City, Wednesday, January 8, 2014.

Jacques Boissinot/THE CANADIAN PRESS

The Canadian Coast Guard says it is sending more icebreakers to help clear shipping channels in the frozen Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway.

"What we have committed to do given the extreme conditions is to bring two more assets [icebreakers], as well as a hovercraft, to facilitate the opening of the seaway," Mario Pelletier, the coast guard's assistant commissioner, said from Ottawa Wednesday.

Faced with the worst ice conditions in 20 years, Pelletier said it is too early to say when freighters filled with grain and other commodities will be able to move normally through the trade corridor.

Story continues below advertisement

The Canadian Shipbuilders Association said Tuesday that a lack of icebreakers would delay shipments of Prairie grain and other goods including iron ore, construction materials and petroleum products from ports such as Thunder Bay, Ont.

A section of the seaway between Lake Ontario and Montreal is frozen, but is set to open March 31.

Shipping channels west of that area are choked with thick ice.

"The conditions at Thunder Bay and the Sault Ste. Marie system are very extreme and the eastern portion of Lake Erie," Pelletier said.

There are already two coast guard icebreakers in the Great Lakes.

One additional icebreaker is to be in the seaway system by Friday, Pelletier said.

It is to be joined by another icebreaker and a hovercraft early next week. More coast guard ships could follow.

Story continues below advertisement

Pelletier said the coast guard should have a better idea of the challenge it faces once these additional ships are on the job.

"The next week will be critical," he said.

Pelletier said the icebreakers will help move some of the freighters through the ice in convoys.

The shipbuilders association, which represents six companies that control 83 freight vessels, has said it doesn't believe normal shipments will be achieved until mid April.

It contends the coast guard doesn't have enough icebreakers to meet demand and that many of the ships it has are getting old.

Pelletier said the ships and crews are working full-out, but weather conditions will affect how quickly the shipping channels can be cleared of ice.

Story continues below advertisement

He said the seaway system, which is jointly operated by Canada and the U.S., was not built to be efficient under extreme conditions.

Pelletier acknowledged the coast guard fleet is getting old, with some ships nearing 30 years of service. He said there is a program under way to upgrade ships and extend their operational life.

"It is the worst ice year we have had in 20 years. For an average year we do have enough icebreakers," he said.

"We do have the right mix of assets to respond to the task. This year has to be looked at as an exceptional year."

The Manitoba government and some Prairie farm groups have said they hope more grain from the recent bumper crop that has been sitting in storage due to the rail transportation backlog could be shipped by freighters through the Great Lakes.

Report an error
As of December 20, 2017, we have temporarily removed commenting from our articles. We hope to have this resolved by the end of January 2018. Thank you for your patience. If you are looking to give feedback on our new site, please send it along to If you want to write a letter to the editor, please forward to