Manchester United Ltd. is counting on investors to behave like soccer fanatics. The English club's committed supporters expect nothing short of greatness, an ethos that carries through to Man United's initial public offering. Though devotees of the Red Devils are rarely disappointed, buyers of the stock at the mooted price probably will be.
After dallying with a listing in Asia, Man United found an even more hospitable venue for its lopsided governance in the United States. Billionaire Malcolm Glazer and his family will retain control after the New York IPO with their more powerful Class B shares. There's also no plan to pay any dividends to the Class A shares on offer and the company's Cayman Islands home will make keeping official tabs on the board difficult.
Man United's finances give further pause. Though the club just signed a fresh sponsorship deal with General Motors and foresees long-term growth in digital and mobile, revenue is expected to fall by as much 5 per cent in the year to June 30. That's because failure to qualify for the knockout stages of the Champions League in the most recent season cost the club at least £10-million of broadcasting revenue.
What's more, despite winning 12 Premier League Championships in the last 20 years, Man United was edged out by rival Manchester City last season. That has led to fears that Man United's legendary manager, 70 year-old Alex Ferguson, and his squad are past their best. The club may also struggle to compete with the deep pockets of Man City's owner, Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mansour, when attracting the best players.
And yet Man United reckons it should command a premier price. At the top end of its $16 (U.S.) to $20-a-share range, the company's equity would be worth some $3.3-billion – almost three times what the Glazer family paid in 2005. Add net debt of some $500-million, after IPO proceeds are used to pay off a big slug, and the enterprise value is about $3.8-billion. That's 22 times EBITDA.
By comparison, MSG, which owns the New York Knicks and Rangers as well as Madison Square Garden, a stadium on par with vaunted Old Trafford, trades at a multiple of just under 11. Man United may be considered a trophy asset, but at the valuation on offer it's no prize.