In a previous column I referred to research published by emarketer.com in 2011, which shows consumers trust their friends and families 73-per-cent more than they trust strangers, and that includes delivery mechanisms such as word-of-mouth, blogs, tweets and other social media posts.
In 2010, Edelman published its "trust barometer," which showed faith in "average Joes" dropped by about 5 per cent, and trust in experts increased by about the same amount.
Paul Rand, president and CEO of Omnicom Group's Zocalo Group, and president of the Word-of-Mouth Marketing Association, has been quoted as saying: "…the game has changed. The mind-set is no longer 'I can just trust it because it's somebody's opinion. It's 'I can trust that specific opinion because it's someone I know.'"
So if influencer marketing is fading, what will take its place?
It is easy to say that marketing is coming full circle. Two colleagues of mine who run a new digital agency think this is the case, noting that they advise their clients against targeting social influencers, and encourage them to take on an early 1900s mentality instead.
I think it is a continued evolution – a continued sharpening – of targeted marketing. Of reach.
- In the 1950s, the model was one-to-many – mainly TV and print advertising – with a hope that customers reached would then buy and spread the word.
- In the early 2000s, a new model emerged: one-to-few – targeting social influencers, hoping those folks would buy and blog.
- What we will see going forward, because it is now genuinely possible, is a near one-to-one model, where brands will reach customers on an individual basis, using smartphones and tablets as the distribution channels.
With trust in social influencers falling, and because technology is making marketing utopia a reality, brands will skip the influencers and come right to real customers. What is different now versus, say, 2005, when most customers had cellphones – and how will that impact marketing strategies and tactics?
Beyond the obvious increase in smartphone and tablet penetration, three factors that are quite different, but when combined will be very powerful, will change how marketing is carried out:
- Social media. Facebook, Twitter and other social media sites are a treasure trove of marketing data on individuals. They know our birthdays, and our style preferences, the books and movies we enjoy, and the parties we attend. We know this, and so this on its own is not a revelation.
- Mobile payment platforms. Again, these may be emerging but are not new, and on their own they will not change the world. QR code readers and near-field communications (NFC) chips are standard on new smartphones in North America, and they have been in use in Europe and Asia for years. They make commerce-on-the-go not only possible, but easy.
- Location-based services. A smartphone contains an embedded GPS device, so a phone knows where a customer is. Third-party sites such as Foursquare and others allow customers to “check in” to a location. So others also know where the customer is. In the past, location-based services have seemed gimmicky. Starting right now, the implications will be far more practical.
It will be very possible for a brand, such as a retailer, to know that a customer likes contemporary sweaters, that the customer is near a store, and that same customer has a big party coming up on Saturday night – so why not pop an ad or coupon onto his phone screen that says: "Hey, want to look great for your party? We have a sweater that looks like this on sale at our store one block west of here."
That is what's different. Of course it will again be up to the customer to spread the word. But the weapons available to do so are bigger and faster and more efficient than in the 1950s.
Special to The Globe and Mail
Mark Healy, P.Eng, MBA, is a partner at Satov Consultants – a management consultancy with practice areas in corporate strategy, customer strategy and operations strategy. Mark's focus areas inside the customer strategy practice include consumer insights, customer experience, innovation and go-to-market strategy. He is a regular speaker and media contributor on topics ranging from marketing to strategy, in telecom, retail and other sectors. Mark is known as much for his penchant for loud socks and a healthy NFL football obsession as he is for his commitment to Ivey and recent Ivey grads. He currently serves as chair of the Ivey Alumni Association board of directors. Mark lives with his wife Charlotte and their bulldog McDuff in Toronto.
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