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Workers protest in Rome Sept. 6, 2011 (ANDREAS SOLARO)
Workers protest in Rome Sept. 6, 2011 (ANDREAS SOLARO)

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Economic hardship, the G7 and the Tower of Babel Add to ...

These are stories Report on Business is following Wednesday, Sept. 8. Get the top business stories through the day on BlackBerry or iPhone by bookmarking our mobile-friendly webpage.

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Expect little from G7 World leaders like to meet and commit to commit to doing stuff, like working together for the health and well-being of the global economy. Leaders of the embattled euro zone are particularly good at this, despite the fractured nature of the 17-member monetary union. Next up are the finance ministers and central bankers of the G7, this week in Marseilles, followed by a bigger G20 meeting in Washington later in the month.

But don't expect much from this week's summit. Little has come from summits past. Which is why Europe is crippled by a debt crisis, and the world is struggling still to rebound from the recession. There is no unity: Euro leaders certainly don't have it, just as one example, which is why their debt troubles remain a blight. Some countries are moving aggressively on austerity, and others not.

As Carl Weinberg puts it today, it's much like the Tower of Babel among the G7.

"Fiscal policy remains babelized amongst the group, and the national governments are focused on austerity rather than stimulus," the chief economist at High Frequency Economics said.

"That is not what the G7 economies need. Central Bankers are tapped out. At best, they can confab on strategies to keep a failed banking system the size of euroland's liquid and polish up their bullet points for governments on how to use deficit financing to recapitalize banks without losing money ... We have no hope that anything good or important will come from these meetings. We may see some 'resolve' to do whatever has to be done, but we already got that from the last dozen communiqués."

Economic concerns have put the finance officials under even more pressure, but even French officials, who are hosting the event, say not much is expected in any formal sense.

“This is not a G7 where we are expecting to prepare a formal communiqué,” a French source told Reuters. “We are sticking to the blueprint of recent G7 meetings, which have been informal ones.”

Carney paints bleak picture Bank of Canada Governor Mark Carney came out today with guns blazing, painting a bleak economic outlook and warning of troubles in the United States and Europe. But for Canada, the central bank still expects growth to pick up in the second half of the year. Still, don't expect interest rates to rise until late next year.

As it held its benchmark overnight rate steady at 1 per cent, the Bank of Canada also signalled a long pause on any rate hike, The Globe and Mail's Jeremy Torobin reports.

"In light of slowing global economic momentum and heightened financial uncertainty, the need to withdraw monetary policy stimulus has diminished," Mr. Carney and his colleagues said in their statement.

They cited a deteriorating global outlook, troubled by the escalating debt crisis in Europe, recent indicators that point to slower growth globally, and market volatility.

"All told, today’s statement confirms our view that a downgraded growth outlook both at home and abroad, combined with worsening sovereign debt risks, necessitates an exceptionally accommodative monetary policy stance for longer than previously thought," said Toronto-Dominion Bank economist Leslie Preston.

"We don’t expect the bank to raise rates until the latter half of 2012, which implies a flat overnight rate for almost two years – an unprecedented situation which underscores the fragility of the economic recovery."

In the United States, particularly, U.S. growth will be weaker than expected, Mr. Carney and his colleagues said. And they had a warning for U.S. politicians dickering over budgets.

"The bank expects that American household spending will be even more subdued in the face of high personal debt burdens, large declines in wealth and tough labour market conditions," the central bank said. "Fiscal stimulus in the United States will also soon turn into material fiscal drag."

And some of advice for Europe's politicians: "Acute fiscal and financial strains in Europe have triggered a generalized retrenchment from risk-taking and could prompt more severe dislocations in global financial markets. Resolution of these strains will require additional significant initiatives by European authorities."

Emerging markets are showing robust growth, the bank said, although even there "its rate and composition will be affected by weakness in major advanced economies."

Growth in Canada stalled in the second quarter, the central bank noted, but that was due largely to temporary factors.

"The bank continues to expect that growth will resume in the second half of this year, led by business investment and household expenditures, although lower wealth and incomes will likely moderate the pace of investment and consumption growth," the statement said.

"The supply and price of credit to businesses and households remain very stimulative. However, financial conditions in Canada have tightened somewhat and could tighten further in the event that global financial conditions continue to deteriorate. Net exports are now expected to remain a major source of weakness, reflecting more modest global demand and ongoing competitiveness challenges, in particular the persistent strength of the Canadian dollar."

What we're in for Put together the thoughts of Mark Carney and Jim Flaherty, and it's no wonder Canadian consumers are feeling the pinch.

In the Bank of Canada's statement today, Mr. Carney points to lower wealth and incomes, while Mr. Flaherty, Canada's finance minister, complains in a letter that consumers are paying inflated prices given the discrepancy with costs in the United States.

As they held rates steady today, Mr. Carney and his colleagues warned that "lower wealth and incomes will likely moderate the pace of investment and consumption growth," The Globe and Mail's Jeremy Torobin reports.

For his part, Mr. Flaherty says in a letter to the Senate finance committee that he's irked by the Canada-U.S. price gap, and he wants a probe, The Globe and Mail's Bill Curry writes. The Canadian dollar has gained, but consumers haven't shared in that, he laments.

"Canadians work hard to support themselves and their families," he writes. "When they spend their hard-earned money they deserve to pay a price that reflects the strongh of our dollar. Canadians are rightly irritated when they see large price discrepancies on the exact same products being sold on different sides of the border."

Canada slips in ranking Canada continues to slide in business competitiveness, falling to 12th place from 10th last year in a World Economic Forum ranking, The Globe and Mail's Janet McFarland reports today.

The Conference Board of Canada, which prepared the data for Canada’s ranking, said Canada has slid steadily from 9th place in 2009 because other countries are improving their competitiveness while Canada’s score has remained almost identical over the past three years.

Nobel laureates against pipeline The Dalai Lama and eight other Nobel Prize laureates want President Barack Obama to block the TransCanada Corp. Keystone XL pipeline from the oil sands to Gulf Coast refineries, The Globe and Mail's Shawn McCarthy reports today.

The lette is the latest salvo in a high-profile campaign to persuade the Obama administration not to approve the $7-billion pipeline project, which will deliver up to 700,000 barrels per day of oil sands bitumen to the world’s largest refining hub.

Barrick strikes gold Barrick Gold Corp. says it has made two "signficant" discoveries in Nevada.

The two, dubbed Red Hill and Goldrush, are on the gold giant's Cortez property, near its Cortez Hills and Pipeline mines.

"Based on the results of wide spaced drilling, the company has outlined two zones of gold mineralization along a seven-kilometer long trend," the company said. "... The new discoveries are geologically similar in style to Barrick's Cortez Hills and Goldstrike mines.

Court backs bailouts Germany's constitutional court ruled today that the country's bailouts of its ailing neighbours were legal. But, as our European correspondent Eric Reguly reports, it attached conditions that will make any future bailouts more cumbersome, ruling they must first be approved by the budget committee of the Bundestag.

That could certainly hamper things in the future by complicating matters, said CMC Markets analyst Michael Hewson.

"If other EU countries adopt similar rules which seems likely given the political toxicity now surrounding bailouts amongst voters in Europe then any future bailouts could well get bogged down in red tape," he said.

And while the decision marks a victory for German Chancellor Angela Merkel, it's the court of public opinion that will play a greater role in how Germany helps the troubled countries of the 17-member euro zone.

Ms. Merkel's party has already lost several regional elections, and opposition to being Europe's banker runs high in Germany.

"For now, the markets rejoice that the aid package wasn’t quashed, but I suspect we’ll be revisiting this ruling in future and in the context of the sharp deterioration in German politics with Chancellor Merkel’s coalition government having lost every state election thus far this year – and poised to lose Berlin in less than two weeks," said Derek Holt of Scotia Capital.

"Red or blue bond proposals, a eurobond issue, greater fiscal ties, and future aid packages are all facing lessened probabilities of occurrence as Merkel herself marches toward her own re-election bid by 2013. Add to this the fact that she is attempting to contain rebellion from within her own CDU party on the eve of Monday’s failed test vote."

Saab story Sweden's Saab Group filed today for court protection, pinning its hopes on fresh funds from two Chinese auto companies that plan to buy a majority interest in the auto maker. But that deal with Pangda Automobile Trade Co. and Zhejiang Youngman Lotus still has to be approved in China.

“While the voluntary reorganization process will no doubt present us with a number of tough issues and decisions, I believe that Saab Automobile will emerge stronger from this process," chief executive officer Victor Muller said in a statement.

In Economy Lab Mike Moffatt doubts Switzerland's currency peg will hold. Rather, he believes it will be tested by currency speculators, and the speculators will be successful.

In International Business In a world of excess saving, the last thing we need is for creditworthy governments to slash their borrowings, Martin Wolf of The Financial Times writes. Markets are loudly saying exactly this. So listen.

In Globe Careers Trying to motivate employees without knowing what they want is like operating in a vacuum. So, writes Rajeev Peshawaria, stop trying to tell them what you want and start asking what they want.

From today's Report on Business

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