These are stories Report on Business is following Tuesday, May 6, 2014.
The TFW debate
There's an offensive element that has crept into the debate over the temporary foreign workers program.
I've no doubt that some Canadians are late for work, I'm certain that some don't want entry-level jobs, and I'm equally sure that foreign temps are hard-working souls.
But this should be a debate over alleged abuses of the program, and high unemployment, not whether Canadians are rude, three-toed sloths with extra digits. Which is, of course, wrong. And objectionable.
This comes amid mounting controversy over such workers and a shutdown of the program where restaurants are concerned.
Let us also not forget that it comes as unemployment hovers just below the 7-per-cent mark, with more than 1.3 million people out of work.
For about two weeks now, I've followed the comments of the small business lobby, which would have you believe that some Canadians aren't as reliable as those who are parachuted in under the TFW program.
Dan Kelly, the chief of the Canadian Federation of Independent Business, has been on a campaign of sorts to save the TFW program because, he says, so many small and mid-sized enterprises depend on them.
Mr. Kelly is an honest broker for the country's small businesses, always has been, and is right to push for an oft-overlooked yet major sector of the economy.
He's also not saying he believes this, only that that's what he's been told.
Having been interviewed widely on the subject, Mr. Kelly capped this off with a weekend National Post piece, refusing to back down and repeating the claims of some of his members.
"The story was so big, it bumped the Quebec election from the lead spot on the CBC homepage that day," Mr. Kelly wrote.
"I could have backed off, or said I was misquoted. But the truth is I'm hearing from small business owners that they need more people who will show up, on time, work a full week without disappearing and give their customers a basic level of courtesy."
He did add that "if those people are Canadian, as many are, great."
He also pointed readers to the stories of such Canadian businesses, from coast to coast, that are posted on the CFIB website.
I scanned these six stories. Primarily, they speak of the lack of Canadians applying for jobs.
One business says productivity is up 20 per cent since the arrival of temporary foreign workers, leading to raises for all. Another says its absentee rate has tumbled to 4.9 per cent from 10.8 per cent. Still another says its Canadian employees are excellent but that "there is a particular way of doing things here" and that, sometimes, "you need a new way of looking at a problem."
I don't doubt that such businesses had trouble finding workers, and thus went to the TFW program. But I also wouldn't expect that Canadians will be clamouring for such jobs given comments like some from the small business community.
- Bill Curry: Job-vacancy rate plunges as Tories drop Kijiji data
- Canada needs better jobs data, Auditor-General says
- Barrie McKenna and James Bradshaw: Restaurants hope to get back to using foreign temp employees
- Tavia Grant and Bill Curry: McDonald’s halts use of foreign workers
- Campbell Clark in Politics Insider (for subscribers): TFW abuses expose Harper’s hollow commitment to free markets
- Simon Houpt: Unpaid internships at magazines new target of Ontario labour ministry
OECD projects pick-up
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development sees Canada's economy picking up, but its new forecast today is not without its warnings.
Economic growth will rise by next year to 2.75 per cent, the OECD said in a global forecast, helped by a "desirable rebalancing" to exports and business investment, which the Bank of Canada, too, has hoped for.
Helping to drive this will be the lower Canadian dollar and growth in the oil patch.
Notably, given the OECD's previous warnings on inflated Canadian house prices, the group also projects that "housing investment should decline towards a more sustainable level."
Today's report is not without its warnings and recommendations.
The Bank of Canada should begin to hike interest rates as inflation nears its target of 2 per cent by late next year, the OECD said, and "fiscal consolidation" should continue among the various levels of government.
"Most notably, provincial governments should continue to work on reforms that would limit growth in health-care expenditures," said the group.
And, to keep housing-related threats in check, it added, "mortgage insurance coverage should be limited to only part of lenders' losses."
The group projects economic growth in Canada, at 2.5 per cent this year, will top the 2.2 per cent of all OECD countries this year, and almost match the 2.8 per cent of those nations in 2015.
Canada will do better than the group when it comes to unemployment, according to the OECD, but the country's jobless rate is projected to remain stubbornly high, at 6.9 per cent this year, and 6.6 per cent in 2015.
The bottom line is that the OECD sees global economic growth and trade progressing at a "moderate pace" this year and next. And that, almost six years after the financial crisis began, millions will still be without work.
"Activity in the OECD economies will be boosted by accommodative monetary policies, supportive financial conditions and a fading drag from fiscal consolidation," it said.
"However, unemployment is likely to decline only modestly, with 11.25 million extra people unemployed at end 2015 than at the onset of the crisis, and inflationary pressures will be muted."
The OECD believes Canada's economy expanded by just 0.5 per cent in the first three months of this year, and projects that will speed up to 2.4 per cent in the current quarter.
That would lag the 3.1 per cent of the United States in the second quarter, as well as Britain's 3.3 per cent and Germany's 2.5 per cent, among the G7 nations.
It would surpass the projected 1 per cent for France, just 0.1 per cent for Italy and an outright contraction in Japan.
"The United States and Canada are both also expected to experience an uneven pattern of growth in the near term, owing in part to the disruptive effect of repeated episodes of severe winter weather," the OECD said.
"A number of activities were restrained by the storms and cold temperatures, which is likely to depress first-quarter GDP, with some bounce-back effect in the second quarter in the absence of further negative shocks."
The U.S. Commerce Department has already put America's economic growth in the first quarter at just 0.1 per cent, annualized, though that could well be revised. Unemployment in the U.S., meanwhile, has eased to 6.3 per cent.
Given the divergence among the world's rich nations, the OECD has different advice for each, suggesting that the Federal Reserve, for example, "proceed cautiously" as it continues to pull back on its stimulus measures, while "the degree of monetary policy stimulus should be maintained or even increased" in the euro zone and Japan.
- Video: Who saved Canada in crisis? Tories, Liberals or luck?
- Barrie McKenna: Canadian companies losing ground against global competitors: Poloz
- The 'responsible' Canadian: Why Stephen Poloz sees no housing crash
Trade surplus narrows
A rebound in Canadian exports remained elusive in March as the country's trade surplus narrowed to just $79-million.
Exports tumbled 1.4 per cent, Statistics Canada said Tuesday, while imports edged up.
At the same time, however, the federal agency also revised the country's trade showing for February, reporting an $847-million surplus that was far heftier than the original reading.
While the level of exports fell, volumes were actually up 0.7 per cent in March, while prices slipped 2 per cent, Statistics Canada said.
On the import side of the ledger, prices edged up 0.4 per cent, while volumes were flat.
Notably, exports to the United States, Canada's biggest trading partner, tumbled 2.5 per cent on lower energy prices. Imports from America gained 1 per cent.
Outside of the United States, exports to other countries climbed 2.5 per cent, with a sharp rise of 8.5 per cent to Europe. Imports from those countries inched down 0.7 per cent.
In the United States, trade picked up in March on both the export and import side, shrinking America's shortfall to $40.4-billion (U.S.).
- David Parkinson in ROB Insight (for subscribers): Canada's exports are picking up, but the future is murky
- Rebound in Canadian trade still elusive
- U.S. trade deficit narrows in March, exports bounce back
BCE profit climbs
BCE Inc. posted an 8.7-per-cent increase in first-quarter profit on robust growth at its Bell Wireless division.
The media and telecommunications company said today its profit climbed to $615-million or 79 cents a share in the quarter, from $566-million or 73 cents a year earlier.
On an adjusted basis, net profit was $626-million or 81 cents per share compared with 77 cents, The Globe and Mail's Bertrand Marotte reports.
The returns beat analysts' consensus estimate of 76 cents per share for the quarter.
Operating revenue in the first quarter was $5.09-billion, up from $4.91-billion a year earlier.
WestJet posts 'strong' results
WestJet Airlines Ltd. says it's, well, flying high.
The Canadian carrier today posted a dip in first-quarter profit to $89.3-million from $91.1-million a year earlier.
On a per-share basis, though, profit rose to 69 cents from 68 cents, and revenue rose to $1.04-billion from $967.2-million.
Chief executive officer Gregg Saretsky described the results as a "very strong start" to the year, with the second-best first-quarter profit ever.
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