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What's really wrong with Jonas Gustavsson? Add to ...

It can't be a lot of fun being Jonas Gustavsson right now.

Things had already been tough lately, even before an embarrassing 7-0 blow out in New York against the Rangers, with the second-year Toronto Maple Leafs netminder appearing nervous and allowing ugly goals in most of his last dozen games.

That said, goaltending in the NHL has become an incredibly complicated position, perhaps the most technically complex one in pro sports, and making sense of just what's gone wrong for Gustavsson isn't easy.

The team in front of him is partially to blame for nights like the one in New York, but there's also more at work here, as a goalie that was pursued by almost every NHL team as a free agent in the spring of 2009 looks so lost many nights and has regressed from how he played last season.

For an outsider's perspective on Gustavsson, I dropped a note to Justin Goldman, who runs an independent goaltender scouting service in Colorado called The Goalie Guild. Goldman has recently been offering on-the-fly breakdowns of NHL goalies and prospects on Twitter that incorporate some of the technical understanding of what's happening in the crease, and his thoughts on Gustavsson are quite interesting.

Based on conversations I've had with others around the league the past couple weeks, a lot of these comments ring true. And Goldman is not the only person spotting these particular issues with the Leafs goaltending situation.

How big of a shift is it for Gustavsson to become a "Francois Allaire style" goalie given he's coming from Sweden in his mid-20s as a late-blooming prospect?

Technically speaking, I do think that Gustavsson does clash a little bit with Allaire's coaching style. I can only speculate on this aspect of his struggles since I live in Colorado and never see them practising or working together, but I do know that Allaire continues to teach the traditional "blocking" and positional butterfly style that made J-S Giguere (and now Jonas Hiller) so successful.

This does "clash" with Gustavsson a little bit because he's a traditional Swedish butterfly goalie: His style relies more on reflexes and reactions to stop the puck. He plays deeper in his crease in order to give himself more time to react to shots and potential deflections. His style was honed and refined in Sweden with the goalie coach Erik Granqvist, who does a great job of coaching many Farjestad goalies, including Cristopher Nihlstorp and some others.

I think because Gustavsson was refined by one coach, then went straight to the NHL and started working with Allaire without any development in the AHL, he has had to manage a difficult transitioning process. Very few goalies will be successful in that manner and there are so many things that simply must be learned in game situations. No practice can ever match the intensity and speed in an NHL game, so he is really having to learn things like rebound control, tracking the puck and positioning the hard way.

Even [Florida Panthers prospect]Jacob Markstrom, who has been touted as a more promising Swedish prospect than Gustavsson, is honing his skills and transitioning to the smaller ice surface and higher-skilled players in the AHL. And it will do him good next season when he probably gets a crack at an NHL job.

How does the pressure of playing in Toronto on a team that struggles to score factor in?

As I'm sure you know, he is playing under heavy expectations from the fans and coaching staff. At the same time, he is also personally a very fierce competitor. Like any goalie, he hates to lose. Because of this, he has a lot of negative body language and feedback when he allows a weak or untimely goal. This further perpetuates his struggles in some situations, as that negativity eats away at his confidence.

I like to see this enthusiasm and energy, but he needs to channel it in a more positive manner. A goalie should never react negatively after allowing a goal; it just distracts them from focusing on the puck and managing their game and movements. This is why you will often see him get scored on in bunches. He tightens up or tenses up after allowing one bad or untimely goal, and that usually leads to the pressure mounting to such a degree that he will allow two or three in succession.

He rarely looks comfortable when games are close or "intense" [something that often happens with the low-scoring Leafs]because he is putting way too much pressure on himself mentally to win games.

From the psychological standpoint of a goaltender, he's playing not to lose instead of simply playing to win. I see a lot of negativity in his body language and demeanour this year.

In terms of style, is there another way Gustavsson could or should be playing right now? If not Allaire's way, what?

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