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Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher gives the final address of the Conservative Convention in Brighton in this October 14, 1988 file photo.
Margaret Thatcher (Oct. 13, 1925 - April 8, 2013) was the first female prime minister of the United Kingdom, governing from 1979 to 1990. Dubbed "the Iron Lady" by the Soviet press, Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven, as she became in 1992, battled powerful coal miners’ unions, privatized utilities and liberalized stock exchange rules. Mrs. Thatcher oversaw the defeat of Argentina in the Falkland Islands War and she aligned herself with U.S. president Ronald Reagan and helped to bring down the Berlin Wall and the end of the Soviet Union.