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Student Tanner McPherson, 10, pauses for a moment of silence during a student protest in Los Angeles on March 11, 2018. The student-activist group "No Guns LA" held a rally to call for stricter gun-control laws.Richard Vogel/The Associated Press

President Donald Trump signalled Monday that age increases for gun purchases are in the hands of states because some members of Congress won’t back such changes, as the White House forges ahead with a plan to give firearms training to teachers.

“On 18 to 21 Age Limits, watching court cases and rulings before acting. States are making this decision. Things are moving rapidly on this, but not much political support (to put it mildly),” Trump said on Twitter.

Many advocates of tougher gun laws had hoped Trump would back the age increase as part of a package of measures designed to strengthen school security after a school shooting in Parkland, Florida, last month that left 17 people dead. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, who is leading a commission charged with issuing school safety recommendations, also said Monday that the administration wouldn’t propose a “one-size-fits-all” solution and that states and cities would have some leeway in their responses.

Trump is calling on states to adopt so-called “red flag” laws to allow authorities to take guns from individuals who are determined by a court to be a threat to themselves or others, according to recommendations released by the White House on Sunday. The package of measures is aimed at making schools safer after a string of deadly shootings, it said.

The measures endorsed by Trump fall short of those that were expected, including a call for states to raise the minimum age to buy certain guns. The idea, backed at times by Trump but opposed by the National Rifle Association, was endorsed as recently as Sunday morning by White House deputy press secretary Raj Shah.

“The president has been clear that he does support raising the age to 21 for certain firearms,” Shah said during an appearance on ABC’s “This Week.” On a conference call with reporters, two administration officials didn’t explain why that proposal was excluded.

The Department of Justice has been asked to create programs helping schools to partner with state and local law enforcement authorities that can provide training in gun use by those who volunteer to do so. The White House also said it would support moving military veterans and retired law enforcement officers into new careers in education.

The administration will also launch a commission, led by DeVos, to examine school safety issues. DeVos said her commission would study a “culture of violence.”

DeVos cited bills expanding background checks and funding “evidence-based” funding for training and assessing threats as examples of legislation she said have broad bipartisan support and take “concrete steps” that can be built on. She said her panel will examine an age increase to 21 for some gun sales, though she said there won’t be a “one-size-fits-all” solution and it will be up to communities and states to decide if that option is appropriate.

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U.S. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos holds a news conference about her visit to Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla., on March 7, 2018.Joe Raedle/Getty Images

“The president wants to see Congress act now,” she said Monday on Fox News. “Every time we’ve had a situation like this, we’ve had a lot of discussion, then the camps go into their various corners and then we sit around and we don’t get anything done. The president is committed to taking action and ensuring that we do what we can at the federal level to protect kids.”

An NBC News/Survey Monkey poll taken Feb. 26-28 showed 56 percent of those polled disagreed with the proposal for teachers to carry guns. Responses fell along party lines, with Democrats opposed by a wide margin while Republicans agreed with the concept.

“Arming teachers is an absolutely abhorrent response to school shootings — opposed by law enforcement, students, and educators alike,” Senator Richard Blumenthal, a Democrat from Connecticut, said in a statement. The announcement was “more talk and theatrics than action,” he said.

The proposals were described by the White House on Sunday as the culmination of weeks of meetings the president and senior officials have held since the Feb. 14 shooting at a high school in Parkland, Florida, in which 17 people were killed. That incident has re-energized the gun control debate.

The White House reiterated its support for two pieces of legislation being considered by Congress: the Fix NICS Act, which would penalize federal agencies that fail to report relevant criminal records, and the STOP School Violence Act, which would provide new funding for school safety programs. An administration official said the White House was endorsing those measures because they could both pass in short order, while a bigger background overhaul would have a tougher path in Congress.

Shifting positions

On background checks and other issues, Trump has offered inconsistent positions on gun control since the Parkland massacre, complicating efforts in Congress to pass legislation in response.

Trump voiced support last month for the background check bill sponsored by Pennsylvania Senator Pat Toomey, a Republican, and West Virginia Senator Joe Manchin, a Democrat, while also suggesting that perhaps the bill didn’t go far enough “because you’re afraid of the NRA.”

The NRA, the powerful gun industry lobbying group that spent $30 million toward Trump’s election, has expressed support for both bills but is resisting more stringent measures.

Trump’s recommendations also fall short of some of the ideas he’d discussed during multiple hour-long meetings in front of news cameras, including a stronger background check system and the suggestion that guns should be taken from people considered dangerous without first seeking a court order.

After the latter statement the president met privately with the NRA, whose leaders said he’d backed down. But Trump is still bucking the NRA in his support for raising the age for some gun sales: Florida last week passed a bill doing just that, and the NRA immediately challenged it in court.

Bump stocks

The Justice Department on Saturday sent a proposed regulation to the Office of Management and Budget that would prohibit the sale of bump stock devices, which modify semiautomatic rifles to allow them to be fired more rapidly, by adding it to the definition of “machine gun” that’s already barred under the National Firearms and Gun Control Act.

Congress is mostly gridlocked on the issue. Neither chamber has advanced legislation to make any change to gun laws since the shooting at Florida’s Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, even as students who survived the attack have started a burgeoning political movement to raise pressure on lawmakers. Student-led gun control events in Washington and around the country, dubbed the March for Our Lives, are planned for March 24.

Michael R. Bloomberg, founder of Bloomberg LP, which operates Bloomberg News, serves as a member of Everytown for Gun Safety’s advisory board and is a donor to the group. Everytown for Gun Safety advocates for universal background checks and other gun control measures.

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