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Shiite Muslim women march toward the French Consulate during a rally against French President Emmanuel Macron and the republishing of caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad they deem blasphemous, in Karachi, Pakistan, Nov. 1, 2020.

Fareed Khan/The Associated Press

Hundreds of protesters in Pakistan on Sunday burned effigies of France’s leader and chanted anti-French slogans, as French President Emmanuel Macron tried to send a message of understanding to Muslims around the world.

Smaller demonstrations in Lebanon, Turkey and India followed on anti-France protests across the Muslim world last week that were mostly led by Islamist groups.

The renewed protests came after President Macron’s interview late Saturday in which he said that he understood the shock Muslims felt at caricatures depicting the Prophet Mohammed. Mr. Macron was speaking with the Qatar-based Arabic TV station Al-Jazeera, where he also defended freedoms of expression and France’s secular values.

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Mr. Macron’s office said the interview was aimed at clarifying misunderstandings around France’s position and the President’s words which they say have been taken out of context.

“I have never said that,” Mr. Macron told the Al-Jazeera interviewer, explaining that some false translations of his words in the media showed him to support the cartoons mocking Prophet Mohammed. “Those are lies.”

Mr. Macron explained that all religions are subject to the freedom of expression and “these drawings.”

“I understand and respect that people can be shocked by these cartoons,” he said. “But I will never accept that someone can justify the use of physical violence because of these cartoons. And I will always defend freedom of speech in my country, of thought, of drawing.”

The interview set off a storm on social media, as many argued the Qatari station erred by giving space to the French President, whom they said failed to apologize for offending Muslims. Some criticized Mr. Macron for choosing Al-Jazeera, a station that has been at the centre of political disputes between Arab Gulf nations and Turkey and viewed by many as giving airtime to hardliners and Islamist groups, outlawed in many countries in the Middle East.

But for others, Mr. Macron’s appearance on Al-Jazeera was hailed as a success of the protest and boycott campaigns, which have forced the French President to address Muslims through an Arabic-speaking channel.

The protests in Muslim-majority nations over the last week and calls for boycotts of French products began initially after Mr. Macron eulogized a French teacher in Paris who was decapitated for showing caricatures of Mohammed in class. Two attacks followed, one on a group of worshippers in a church in Nice and another on a Greek priest in Lyon, although a motive for the latter attack has not been determined.

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Islamist groups and hardliners around the Muslim world have rallied their supporters against the caricatures and the French government’s staunch secularist stance, keeping up protests over the last week targeting Mr. Macron.

On Sunday in the Pakistani city of Karachi, hundreds of supporters of the main Islamist party, Jaamat-e-Islami, set an effigy of Mr. Macron on fire. The crowd of about 500 chanted against Mr. Macron and called for the boycott of French products.

The crowd, which was smaller in number after larger rallies over the past days, marched toward the French consulate in the city while security cordoned off the area.

Earlier Sunday in Karachi, Shiite students marched for three kilometres, chanting and pledging to sacrifice their lives for the honour of Islam and its prophet. Some 500 students, including several hundred women, dragged French flags on the floor and carried pictures of Mr. Macron. One banner depicted Mr. Marcon’s face with a big cross.

“We condemn blasphemy of Islam and Prophet Muhammad by French President,” read a slogan scribbled on a French flag.

The well-organized crowd wearing face masks were chanting praise for Prophet Mohammed.

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In the central Pakistani city of Multan, hundreds of merchants rallied in a demonstration to call for a boycott of French products. The crowd also burned an effigy of Mr. Macron and chanted “Muslims cannot tolerate blasphemy of their prophet” and “The civilized world should give proof of being civilized.”

In Lebanon’s capital of Beirut, a dozen protesters marched to the French wmbassy in the Lebanese capital, raising banners that read “Anything but Prophet Mohammed,” and chanted in defence of Islam. Security was tight around the embassy.

In Ahmedabad, a city in India’s Gujarat state, protesters pasted photographs of Mr. Macron onto streets overnight, leaving them for pedestrians and passing vehicles to go over on Sunday.

Anti-France protests were held by Muslim groups on Friday in Mumbai, India’s financial and entertainment capital, and Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh state.

Islamist groups on Sunday also held a rally in Istanbul.

There has been tension between France and Turkey after Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan questioned his French counterpart’s mental condition while criticizing Mr. Macron’s attitude toward Islam and Muslims.

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