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A person casts a vote at a polling station during the primary elections in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on Aug. 11, 2019.LUISA GONZALEZ/Reuters

Argentina’s opposition candidate was ahead in a presidential primary election against market-friendly incumbent Mauricio Macri on Sunday, two TV stations reported minutes after the polls closed.

The primary marked the first chance voters have had to register their preference in a high-stakes presidential race between staying the course of painful austerity measures under Mr. Macri or a return to interventionist economics.

Argentina’s main political parties had already chosen their nominees, allowing the primary to serve as the first concrete measure of voter sentiment after a slew of opinion polls showed a narrow margin between President Macri and main challenger Alberto Fernandez.

Mr. Macri is hoping some recent glimmers of economic revival are enough to encourage voters to stick with his free-markets reform agenda despite the recession and 55-per-cent inflation.

Re-electing Mr. Macri would mean seeing through painful cuts in public spending as part of the $75-billion standby agreement he negotiated with the International Monetary Fund last year.

“We believe in continuing these reforms and in the profound change that Argentina is going through. There are others who want something else. That’s what this election is about,” Mr. Macri told reporters at the voting station where he cast his ballot.

Mr. Fernandez has promised access to free medicines for retirees and better wages for workers while hammering Mr. Macri for the uptick in poverty and unemployment.

“We Peronists are united. After the primary we will call on all Argentines to get together and begin to solve the infinite problems that our nation is going through,” Mr. Fernandez told reporters.

Mr. Macri says his reforms will eventually “normalize” the economy after years of heavy-handed government controls under his predecessor, populist firebrand Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. Former president Kirchner, now a senator, is running on the Peronist ballot for vice-president this year.

Investors see the Fernandez-Kirchner ticket as a riskier prospect than sticking with the business-friendly incumbent.

Nevertheless, opinion polls show the pair with a narrow lead and markets are bracing for the Fernandez ticket to come out ahead of Mr. Macri on Sunday, said Credit Suisse analyst Casey Reckman.

The severity of market reaction was expected to depend on the margin between Mr. Fernandez and Mr. Macri, and whether the winner netted enough votes to indicate a potential win in the first round of the presidential election in October, Mr. Reckman said.

In order to win the presidency outright in October, a candidate needs at least 45 per cent of the vote or 40 per cent and a difference of 10 percentage points over the second-place candidate.

If there is no clear winner, voters will return for a runoff on Nov. 24.

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