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British Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during a cabinet meeting at 10 Downing Street, in London, on June 14.POOL/The Associated Press

Boris Johnson’s former ethics adviser said on Thursday he had quit after being placed in an “odious position” by a government plan, yet another resignation to challenge the British Prime Minister’s authority.

Christopher Geidt, the second ethics adviser to quit under Mr. Johnson in two years, did not specify what advice the Prime Minister had requested, but said it would have made a mockery of the ministerial code, rules which set standards for government.

It is the latest resignation from Mr. Johnson’s government, which is under pressure on multiple fronts.

The Prime Minister has been criticized for his role in parties in Mr. Johnson’s Downing Street residence and office when Britain was under strict lockdowns to tackle COVID-19 as well as his deportation policy to Rwanda, and the European Union has said a new plan to deal with post-Brexit trade is illegal.

“This request has placed me in an impossible and odious position,” Lord Geidt said in his resignation letter to Mr. Johnson, which was published by the government on Thursday.

“I can have no part in this,” said Lord Geidt, who was an independent adviser on ministers’ interests.

Mr. Johnson, responding in a letter, said he was surprised by the resignation, adding the issue that Lord Geidt was asked to consider was a potential decision about trade tariffs linked to a body called the Trade Remedies Authority.

He said the issue previously had enjoyed cross-party support but may have conflicted with Britain’s obligations under the World Trade Organization.

“My intention was to seek your advice on the national interest in protecting a crucial industry, which is protected in other European countries and would suffer material harm if we do not continue to apply such tariffs,” Mr. Johnson wrote.

“In seeking your advice before any decision was taken, I was looking to ensure that we acted properly with due regard to the ministerial code.”

The Trade Remedies Authority, which investigates unfair trade practices and possible remedies needed to prevent injury to British industries, said in a statement the case Mr. Johnson referred to was one where “the government holds full decision-making authority.”

Lord Geidt seemed to suggest earlier this week that he was frustrated with the pressure he had been put under by the government in his role, and a spokesman for the Prime Minister said Mr. Johnson would reflect on how best to fill the role.

Citing commercial sensitivity for not giving more details about the advice that was sought, the spokesman said it was a “relatively unusual situation” regarding an industry.

British trade experts said it was most probably related to steel tariffs.

The previous holder of the ethics role resigned in 2020 in protest of Mr. Johnson’s support for a minister who was found to have broken the code.

The government initially only published a brief statement from Lord Geidt when it announced his resignation on Wednesday, but came under pressure to reveal the reasons for his departure.

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