More than 1,000 people have died from Ebola in eastern Congo since August, the country’s Health Minister said Friday as hostility toward health workers continues to hamper efforts to contain the second-deadliest outbreak of the virus.
Health Minister Oly Ilunga told the Associated Press that four deaths in the outbreak’s epicentre of Katwa helped push the death toll to 1,008. Two more deaths were reported in the city of Butembo.
The outbreak declared almost nine months ago already had caused the most deaths behind the 2014-16 outbreak in West Africa’s Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia that killed more than 11,000 people.
A volatile security situation and deep community mistrust have hampered efforts to control the epidemic in eastern Congo. Ebola treatment centres have come under repeated attack, leaving government health officials to staff clinics in the hot spots of Butembo and Katwa.
International aid organizations stopped their work in the two communities because of the violence. A Cameroonian epidemiologist working with the World Health Organization was killed last month during an assault on a hospital in Butembo.
Insecurity has become a “major impediment” to controlling the Ebola outbreak, Dr. Michael Ryan, WHO’s health emergencies chief, told reporters in Geneva earlier on Friday.
He said 119 attacks have been recorded since January, 42 of them directed at health facilities, while 85 health workers have been wounded or killed. Dozens of rebel groups operate in the region, and political rivalries in part drive’s community rejection of health personnel.
“Every time we have managed to regain control over the virus and contain its spread, we have suffered major, major security events,” Dr. Ryan said. “We are anticipating a scenario of continued intense transmission” of the disease.
WHO has said the most recent Ebola outbreak remained contained to eastern Congo even as the number of cases rises in a dense, highly mobile population near the border with Uganda and Rwanda.
Many people fear going to Ebola treatment centres, choosing instead to stay at home and risk transmitting the disease from the virus to caretakers and neighbours.
Residents of highly volatile Butembo believe Ebola was brought to the city on purpose, said Vianney Musavuli, 24.
“I am deeply saddened to learn that the number of Ebola deaths has exceeded 1,000,” Mr. Musavuli said “The problem is that people here in this area believe Ebola is a political thing, and that’s why residents are still attacking the teams in retaliation.”
Area residents were blocked from taking part in a January presidential election, with Congo’s government citing safety concerns. Some wonder why money is poured into fighting Ebola when many more people die each year of malaria and other preventable diseases.
Insecurity also has prevented vaccination teams from getting to some areas, further limiting the health response. Still, more than 109,000 people have received an experimental but effective Ebola vaccine. Dr. Ryan said authorities are looking at introducing another one.
He called for more help from Congo and elsewhere to close an “urgent, critical gap” of some US$54-million in containment funding.