Former Minneapolis police Officer Derek Chauvin pleaded guilty Wednesday to a federal charge of violating George Floyd’s civil rights, admitting for the first time that he kept his knee on Mr. Floyd’s neck – even after he became unresponsive – resulting in the Black man’s death.
Mr. Chauvin, who is white, was convicted this spring of state murder and manslaughter charges in Mr. Floyd’s May 25, 2020, death, and was sentenced to 22½ years in that case.
In his federal plea Wednesday, Mr. Chauvin admitted he willfully deprived Mr. Floyd of his right to be free from unreasonable seizure, including unreasonable force by a police officer, by kneeling on Mr. Floyd’s neck even though he was handcuffed and not resisting. A second federal count in Mr. Floyd’s death was dismissed, but Mr. Chauvin pleaded guilty to another count in an unrelated 2017 case.
Mr. Chauvin appeared in person Wednesday for the change of plea hearing in an orange short-sleeved prison shirt and was led into and out of the court in handcuffs. He said “Guilty, your honour” to confirm his pleas, and acknowledged that he committed the acts alleged.
Mr. Chauvin had faced a possible maximum of life in prison on the federal count in Mr. Floyd’s death. Under the plea agreement, both sides agreed Mr. Chauvin should face a sentence ranging from 20 to 25 years, with prosecutors saying they would seek 25. The final sentence will be up to U.S. District Judge Paul Magnuson, and Mr. Chauvin will likely face more time behind bars than he would on the state charges alone.
In the U.S. federal system, defendants who get credit for good behaviour typically serve about 85 per cent of their sentences. For Mt. Chauvin, a 25-year sentence could lead to him spending 21 years and three months in prison. If he’s sentenced to 20 years, he would spend 17 years behind bars. Both are higher than the 15 he was expected to serve in a state prison, before he would have become eligible for parole.
Under the plea agreement, any federal sentence would run at the same time as the state sentence and he would get credit for time already served.
Three other former officers – Thomas Lane, J. Kueng and Tou Thao – were also indicted on federal charges alongside Mr. Chauvin. They are still on course for trial early next year on those charges, with a state trial still to come.
Mr. Floyd’s arrest and death, which a bystander captured on cellphone video, sparked mass protests across the U.S. calling for an end to racial inequality and police mistreatment of Black people.
Mr. Chauvin also pleaded guilty to violating the rights of a 14-year-old boy during a 2017 arrest in which he held the boy by the throat, hit him in the head with a flashlight and held his knee on the boy’s neck and upper back while he was prone, handcuffed and not resisting.
The 2017 case was one of several mentioned in state court filings that prosecutors said showed Mr. Chauvin used neck or head and upper-body restraints seven times dating back to 2014, including four times state prosecutors said he went too far and held the restraints “beyond the point when such force was needed under the circumstances.”
Several members of Mr. Floyd’s family were present Wednesday, as was the teenager involved in the 2017 arrest. As they left the courtroom, Mr. Floyd’s brother Philonise said to Mr. Chauvin’s 2017 victim: “It’s a good day for justice.”
Nine people came to support Mr. Chauvin, including family members. He waved and smiled at them as he entered and left the courtroom.
George Floyd’s nephew, Brandon Williams, afterward called Mr. Chauvin a “monster” who should have been arrested in 2017.
“Had he been held accountable for what he did in 2017 to that minor, George Floyd would still be here,” Mr. Williams said. “Today he had a chance to blow kisses and give air hugs to his family. We can’t do that.”
A lawyer for Mr. Floyd’s family, Jeff Storms, said they planned to head to Minneapolis later Wednesday to support the family of Daunte Wright, a 20-year-old Black man who was fatally shot in a traffic stop during Mr. Chauvin’s state trial. The police officer in that case, Kim Potter, is on trial on manslaughter charges.
To bring federal charges in deaths involving police, prosecutors must believe an officer acted under the “colour of law,” or government authority, and willfully deprived someone of their constitutional rights. That’s a high legal standard. An accident, bad judgment or negligence on the officer’s part isn’t enough to support federal charges. Prosecutors have to prove the officer knew what he was doing was wrong in that moment but did it anyway.
Mr. Chauvin admitted that he knew what he did to Mr. Floyd was wrong and he had a “callous and wanton disregard” for Mr. Floyd’s life, the plea agreement said. It also said Mr. Chauvin “was aware that Mr. Floyd not only stopped resisting, but also stopped talking, stopped moving, stopped breathing, and lost consciousness and a pulse.”
According to evidence in the state case against Mr. Chauvin, Mr. Kueng and Mr. Lane helped restrain the 46-year-old Mr. Floyd as he was on the ground – Mr. Kueng knelt on Mr. Floyd’s back and Mr. Lane held down Mr. Floyd’s legs. Mr. Thao held back bystanders and kept them from intervening during the 9½-minute restraint.
All four former officers were charged broadly in federal court with depriving Mr. Floyd of his rights while acting under government authority.
The other three former officers are still expected to go to trial on federal charges in January, and they face state trial on aiding and abetting counts in March.
Editor’s note: (Dec. 15, 2021): This story has been corrected to say Derek Chauvin pleaded guilty to a single charge, with the second count dismissed.
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