Lebanon’s factional rivalries put the brakes on moves to form a new government on Monday on the eve of a deadline agreed with France and stalling efforts to exit a dire economic crisis.
Prime Minister-designate Mustapha Adib met President Michel Aoun for talks after two leading politicians objected to the way the cabinet was being formed. Political sources said Adib did not present a list of ministerial names as had been anticipated.
Missing Tuesday’s deadline could prove an early blow to a French effort to secure agreement from fractious politicians on reforms to root out corruption in return for foreign aid needed to resolve the worst crisis since Lebanon’s 1975-1990 civil war.
France’s Foreign Ministry said Lebanese politicians needed to deliver on their promise to agree on a cabinet.
“It is up to them to translate this commitment into action without delay,” spokeswoman Agnes von der Muhll said.
President Emmanuel Macron said on Sept. 1, during a visit a month after a devastating Beirut port blast, that Lebanese politicians agreed to form a cabinet in 15 days, or by Tuesday, an ambitious timeline given it usually takes months.
“The parties still have to fall into line,” a French Elysee official said.
After meeting Aoun, Lebanon’s prime minister-designate told reporters: “God willing, all will be well.”
Sources with knowledge of the meeting said Adib told the Lebanese president he would return in a few days while Aoun consulted with various factions.
‘TAKE A BREATH’
Shi’ite and Christian parties voiced objections on Sunday to the way the Sunni prime minister-designate was trying to form the government without the traditional consultations.
Adib, named on Aug. 31 after Macron’s intervention just before his Beirut trip, has been working to form a cabinet of experts and plans to overhaul the leadership of ministries controlled by the same factions for years, sources say.
Nabih Berri, the prominent Shi’ite parliament speaker and ally of Iran-backed Hezbollah, said his group would not join a government formed on terms now proposed. But he said his group would co-operate in efforts to stabilize Lebanon.
There has been little comment from Hezbollah, the heavily armed and politically powerful movement Washington deems a terrorist group but which Paris says has a legitimate political role.
Any boycott by Berri and Hezbollah would deny the cabinet broad Shi’ite support in a sectarian system built on consensus among the nation’s Muslim and Christian groups.
A political source said Aoun and Adib agreed “that the sides take a breath to recrystalise this (government) formation in a way to protect it and secure its chances of succeeding.”
A senior politician said Adib told Aoun he would hold more consultations. He said if Adib gave into Berri’s demands other factions would also want a say in picking ministers.
“We will be back to square zero,” the politician said.
Berri wants to name the finance minister, a post held by a Shi’ite chosen by him since 2014. The minister will have a crucial role in drawing up Lebanon’s economic rescue plan.
Political sources said he became more insistent after the United States applied sanctions on his senior aide, Ali Hassan Khalil, who previously held the post.
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